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TATTERSALL'S INTRODUCTION

George Adams of Hobart, Tasmania built an empire of trusted friends, newspapers, banks, private clubs, hairdressers, pharmacists to carry on a lottery on Horse Races which was illegal in Australia in the first decade in the 1900's.  These were the people to whom punters addressed their money to, to buy their Lottery tickets.

A.J. NETTLEFOLD, HOBART & QUEENSTOWN, MERCER, TAILOR, & CYCLES SHOP

There is confusion in the research literature about A.J. Nettlefold who has been described in The Cyclopedia of Tasmania (1901) as having started in business "barely 3 years ago with very little capital but brains, he has become during that time to be a credit to the colony of Tasmania. His first business effort was at No. 60 Liverpool Street, Hobart where he opened a tailoring business in half of the shop previously occupied by a Mr. S. Lawrence. This was followed by the speedy addition of the mercery department, and the 2 businesses grew at such a rapid rate that it was soon evident that more room would be required, and so the next move was the purchase of the old-established tobacconist, fancy goods and hair-dressing establishment of Messrs. Francis Bros. This was purchased with the view of moving the tailoring and mercery therein , but he found this business to be such a good one, and so capable of expansion that he decided to retain it and obtain other premises for the tailoring department. This was accomplished by securing the premises on the other side of the original shop, which is now occupied by the bicycle department.

Three covers have been found addressed to A.J. Nettlefold at Liverpool Street, Hobart unrelated to the business ventures mentioned above, and not mentioned in the Cyclopedia of Tasmania (1901), but obviously carried on as a side business to his other successful businesses, and at least partially at a Liverpool Street address, as well as other addresses, in the first decade of the 20th century.


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ANDREW PATON MILLER & SON, CHEMISTS & DRUGGISTS, HOBART

The cover has two pairs of the pink 1d Victoria ‘Postage’ stamp, socked on the nose with four examples of the barred numeral ‘958' of Wandong, which is 55 km north of Melbourne G.P.O. It is addressed to Mr. A.P. Miller, Chemist, Hobart, Tasmania. There is an unframed postmark of WANDONG/ SE 26/ 03/ VICTORIA and the adherent partial lilac label shows that it was destined for Tattersalls. Of further interest is that this cover is illustrated in ‘The Numeral Cancellations of Victoria’ by H.H. Freeman & G.T. White (1997, page 269), as the example of the only barred numeral for Wandong (Figure 1).


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BURRILL’S WAREHOUSE, OATLANDS & NEW NORFOLK to THOMAS LYONS, TAS

The advertising cover is for Burrill’s Warehouse, Oatlands, Tasmania, J. Burrill, Importer of Draperu, ronmongery, and Fancy Goods. It is addressed to Thos. Lyons Esq., C/o Tattersall, Hobart. The two red 1d pictorial Tasmania stamps have the OATLANDS/ JY 1/03/ TASMANIA postmark and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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CHARLES HENRY WATKINS, BUILDER & SUPERVISOR OF WORKS, HOBART

The cover is addressed to C.H. Watkins Esq, Builder, Glenhay, Brisbane St.,Hobart, Tasmania, and the blue ‘TWO PENCE’ stamp of New South Wales was cancelled with an OXLEY/ OC 9/ 1907/ N.S.W postmark. There was no evidence of the usual purple Tattersall’s receipt label but there was evidence of the usual puncture mark. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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DAVID BLACK, EDITOR of the TASMANIAN MAIL, HOBART OBITUARY

The Tattersall’s cover was addressed to Mr. D. Black, Waterloo House, Murray Street, Hobart, Tasmania. The cover was franked with a vertical pair of the pink ‘ONE PENNY’ QV stamps of Victpria which were cancelled by the duplex CLUNES/ SE 17/ 07/ VICTORIA with the stamps obliterated by the barred numeral ‘147'. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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DAVID HASTIE HARVEY, MANAGER of TATTERSALL’S & FAMILY, TASMANIA

This cover was addressed to Master Horace Harvey, Manresa, Lower Sandy Bay, Hobart, Tasmania. It was probably overweight as the strip of four green ‘HALFPENNY Bantam Postage’ stamps of Victoria were insufficient postage. They were cancelled with the duplex ST. KILDA/ JL 4/ 07/ VICTORIA with the barred numeral ‘78', and the oval tax marking of 4D was partially obscured by the vertical pair of the green 2 PENCE Postage Due stamps (the converted issue with the ‘N.S.W.’ removed). The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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ELLIOT EDWARD GRANT, SENIOR MEMBER of TATTERSALL’S

The cover is addressed to E.E. Grant, Athenae(um Club), (Hobart, Tasmania) with a major portion of the address not seen because of the Tattersall, Hobart label. There are 2 copies of the blue ‘Four Corners Two Pence’ Queensland stamps which are cancelled by a BRISBANE/ SP 23/ 03/ QUEENSLAND postmark. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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FREDRICK WILLIAM SMALE of SMALE BROS. TAILORS, HOBART, TASMANIA

The cover is addressed to Mr. F. Smail (sic) Tailors, Murray St., Hobart, Tasmania and the lilac ‘TWO PENCE’ stamp of Victoria is canceled RYE / AU 7/ 07/ VICTORIA. It has the telltale spike puncture of Tattersalls, but not the lilac label. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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FREDRICK WILLIAM SMALE of SMALE BROS. TAILORS, HOBART, TASMANIA

The cover is addressed to Mr. F. Smail (sic) Tailors, Murray St., Hobart, Tasmania and the lilac ‘TWO PENCE’ stamp of Victoria is canceled RYE / AU 7/ 07/ VICTORIA. It has the telltale spike puncture of Tattersalls, but not the lilac label. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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GEORGE ADAMS, PUBLICAN, LOTTERY PROMOTER, TATTERSALL’S CLUB

The registered envelope has a pair of red 1d ‘Shield’ N.S.W. stamps added which are cancelled with a duplex postmark of THE EXCHANGE/ 3.45 PM/ FE 4/ 02/ H.S.W with the barred numeral ‘1154'. It was addressed to’Tattersall’, c/o Mr. George Adams, Hobart, Tasmania (Figure 1).


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GEORGE ROMETCH: WEBSTER, ROMETCH, ASTOR MOTOR Pty. Ltd., HOBART

The cover was addressed to G. Rometch, 86 Collins Street, Hobart Tasmania. The blue 2d Queensland ‘Four Corners’ stamp was cancelled with an illegible obliterator and alongside there was an unframed EMERALD/ AU 13/07/ QUEENSLAND postmark. The two puncture holes in the cover were very suggestive of a Tattersall’s cover. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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GODFREY FISHER’s TATTERSALL’s COVER, "CHARGE AGAINST AGENTS"

The cover has a pair of the ‘ONE PENNY POSTAGE’ stamp of Victoria canceled with the third Bairnsdale double circle duplex BAIRNSDALE/ AM/ 1 30/ 9.9.07/ VIC with the barred numeral ‘174'. It is addressed to Mr. Godfrey Fisher, 260 Murray St., Hobart, Tasmania and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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HADLEY. J.C. & FAMILY HOTEL: ANTARTIC EXPLORERS, RUSSIAN PRINCE & ERROL FLYNN

This purposely provocative title is an attention grabber, and yet another two names should be added to the title, but this would be cumbersome. The cover that prompted this paper had an unlikely history that follows. The cover was addressed to Mr. Hadley, Orient Hotel, Hobart, Tasmania and the two red ‘ONE PENNY SHIELD’ stamps of New South Wales were each cancelled with a copy of the ‘Rays 455' of Murwillumbah which was confirmed by the circular postmark of MURWILLUMBAH/ FE 15/ 1905/ N.S.W. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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J.B. CURRAN, AUCTIONEER, LAND VALUER, & PRINCESS MELIKOFF, HOBART

The cover is addressed to Mr. J.B. Curran, Auctioneer & Land Valuer, Hobart, Tasmania. The blue 2d QV stamp of New South Wales is franked with an illegible postmark, but fortunately there is another one which clearly shows that it is MULWALA/ JY 11/ 05/ N.S.W, and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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MAYNE NICKLESS, from HORSE & CART to HEALTH CARE

This cover appeared at auction and the vendor stated that "Mayne Nickless assisted Tatts to subvert the ban on mail deliveries to Tatts' Hobart address". This was yet another novel method of getting around the Tasmanian Post Office ban on Tattersalls Lottery. There are 5 copies of the pink 1d Victorian "Postage" stamp all carefully postmarked with a large 'R' in a circle, with another one for good measure at the lower left. An additional cancel of DARGO/ 8-OCT 07/ VIC completes the picture. The cover is addressed to Mayne Nickless & Co., Carriers, Robinson Buildings, 91 York St., Launceston, Tasmania. This address is overprinted in faint pencil manuscript with a single word, 'Prohibited' (Figure 1).


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O.K. COPPER MINE, CHILLAGOE, NORTHERN QUEENSLAND: A TATTERSALL COVER

This cover is one of the many Tattersall Lottery applications sent to a ‘blind’ to thwart the Tasmanian postal authorities, as shown by the puncture in the cover. Mr. H. Athol of ‘ Highfield Hall’ Murray St. Hobart, Tasmania has not been identified. The blue ‘TWO PENCE FOUR CORNERS’ stamp of Queensland has a rare postmark of O.K. MINE/ 6 JUL 06/ QUEENSLAND. This post office opened in 1905 and closed in 1911. The postmark is a Type 1 of Cowan & Dell, 25 mm diameter with a large ‘dot’ on both sides and a one-line date, which is rated 3R (of 4R). The example of Type 1 is shown as the postmark for 'ACLAND' (Figures 1 & 2).


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READ BROS. LTD LONDON: DOGS HEAD BOTTLING, LONDON: LEGAL CASE

Just another example of a Tattersall’s cover to Hobart, with the partially repaired spindle hole, but how wrong on several accounts! The pair of the red 1d Tasmanian Pictorial is cancelled ULVERSTONE/ MR 2/ 09/ TASMANIA, and the reverse was not seen. It was adorned with an advertisement depicting a bulldog with Read Brothers Ltd London/ The Dogs Head Bottling plus a partially obscured statement "When Ordering B[ass Ale and] Guinness Be Sure [To ] Ask For "Dog’s H[ead"] Which Is Absolutely [The Best?]". The cover is addressed to J.B. Curran Esq, Stock Exchange, Hobart (Figure 1).


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REGISTERED QUEENSLAND T.P.O. COVERS to TATTERSALL'S, HOBART

Four of these covers appeared on Ebay in March of 2005 and all demonstrated a plethora of postmarks both on the front and reverse. Although the majority of markings were legible, in each example there were postmarks that left much to the imagination only. The covers ranged from 1903 to 1908, and will be described from the earliest to the latest.


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RICHARD EDWARD JARMAN, BRISBANE & ROCKHAMPTON, SADDLE MAKER

This registered cover is postmarked REGISTERED/ FE 22/ 01/ ROCKHAMPTON and there is plenty information that the cover is registered, other than the above, as shown by the ms. ‘931', the crossed red crayon and the large ‘R’ in the oval on the cover and on both the brown 3d and blue 2d ‘FOUR CORNERS’ Queensland stamps. It is addressed to "Tattersall", c/o G. Adams, Hobart, Tasmania (Figure 1).


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S. BENJAMIN, TEMPLE HOUSE, HOBART TASMANIA

Two covers destined for Tattersalls came up on Ebay auctions, both addressed to S. Benjamin Esq. at Temple House, Hobart. Both showed the presence of a filing hole and one showed the tell-tale lilac label, usually applied by Tattersalls on receipt. The first showed two 2d Victoria stamps cancelled by two barred numerals ‘836' of Whitfield, Victoria with an additional framed WHITFIELD/ OC 20/ 05/ VICTORIA, and there was a transit mark of Ballarat on the reverse, not shown (Figure 1).


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TATTERSALL COVER from WESTERN AUSTRALIA to SHIP HOTEL, HOBART

I am probably wrong, but I have the impression that Western Australia is a less common source of Tattersall’s covers and it is due to more than the lower population of that state in the early 1900's compared with that of the eastern states. This cover was sent from Fremantle W.A. on 6.30A 7 JA 07 and was addressed to the proprietor of the Ship Hotel, Collins Street, Hobart, Tasmania. It had an unusually complete lilac Tattersall, Hobart label. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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THOMAS GEORGE LOVETT, SECRETARY of ATHENAEUM CLUB, HOBART

This indistinctly cancelled cover had a pair of the red ‘ONE PENNY’ New South Wales stamps addressed to T.G. Lovett Esq, 69 Collins Street, Hobart, Tasmania, and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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WALCH & SONS, STATIONERS HOBART, TASMANIA & TATTERSALL’S (2)

This is the second paper about Walch & Sons, stationers, but with particular reference to the close relationship to the Tattersalls Lottery of Charles Edward Walch. The cover is addressed to Messrs. Walch & Sons, Stationers, Hobart, Tasmania. The pair of the ‘ONE PENN Y/ POSTAGE’ stamp of Victoria is cancelled by an UP TRAIN/ MG 3/ NO 15/ 05/ VICTORIA (the Bendigo line) and much of the purple "Tattersall" Hobart label has been left intact. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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