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POSTCARDS

Introduction to Australian Postal History & Social Philately

T.H. NICOLLE & J.H. SMYTH, STAMP DEALERS, 14 HUNTER STREET, SYDNEY

It should be stated at the beginning of this paper, that the name of this short lived firm of Sydney stamp dealers was registered as Smyth & Nicolle at 14 Hunter Street, Sydney. The only reason for my reversing their names is on account of the unavailability of a cover to or from Smyth. James H. Smyth and Thomas H. Nicolle had formed a stamp dealer partnership in 1893, but it was dissolved in 1902, and both continued as dealers in their own right, independently. Nicolle continued dealing until at least 1930, and Smyth until his death in 1923. The first edition of their catalogue ‘Priced Catalogue of Australasian Stamps, Sets & Packets’ was first published in 1899 and it consisted of 32 pages; the third edition (1901) was 60 pages and the fifth (1903) was 56 pages. In addition a 1900 and 1902 editions have been seen and there could have been a sixth edition before Fred Hagen’s takeover of Smyth’s business. There was no evidence that the catalogue was resuscitated with Smyth’s new business from 1910 onwards.

The printed blue ‘ONE PENNY’ Swan stamp on the Western Australia was cancelled PERTH/ 7 30P/ 29 JY 07/ WESTERN AUSTRALIA, and the postcard was addressed to T. H. Nicolle Esq, 14 Hunter Street, Sydney (Figure 1).

The reverse was dated 29th July 1907, and contained the message ‘Kindly send me your "Illustrated price list"’. It was signed G.M. Kay, 30 Colin Street, Perth, W.A. The purple handstamp ‘H. REHLEN’, was probably of significance (see later), but the sender of the postcard has not been identified (Figure 2).

T.H. Nicolle was at a different address later as shown on a 1928 cover which shows he was at 108 Pitt Street, Sydney. The cover was addressed to the stamp catalogue firm of Gebruder & Senf at Leipzig, Germany. It was underpaid with the pink ‘ONE PENNY’ stamp of Victoria, but it was not taxed, and the stamp was cancelled by a roller cancel SYDNEY/ 18 JUN/ 1929/ 10 AM/ N.S.W., with the slogan ‘ COMMONWEALTH LOAN/ NOW OPEN/ APPLY AT ONCE. The reverse was not seen (Figure 3).

A photograph of Thomas H. Nicolle was shown as well as the frontispiece of the first edition of the Smyth & Nicolle’s ‘1899 Priced Catalogue Australasian Stamps Sets & Packets’ Postage Stamp Dealers, 14 Hunter St., Sydney N.S.W.’, as seen in Figures 4 & 5.

The next photo shows a scene at Smyth & Nicolle’s stand at the 1900 Philatelic Exhibition held in Sydney 7 and 8 September 1900. It was at this exhibition that their new magazine ‘The Australian Journal of Philately’ was launched (Figure 6).

The Queensland illustrated postcard has a printed brown ‘ONE PENNY’ stamp and it is addressed to Mr. T.H. Nicolle, 14 Hunter St, Sydney, N.S.W. The illustration was described as ‘Pineapple Plantation, Nundah, near Brisbane, and the stamp was cancelled JONDARYAN/ 9 30A/ 23 JE 06/ QUEENSLAND, the other postmark was illegible (Figure 7).

The reverse had the sender’s address as Jondaryan, Queensland and was dated June 22nd 06. The message read ‘Dear Sir, Please send me your illustrated Price List of Stamps and oblige Yours truly E.F. Turner’. The special point of interest was that it also had the same purple handstamp of H. REHLEN, who probably was a person who worked at the firm and had attended to the request. At a dealer’s website, the unseen description of another Nicolle addressed cover stated that the same ‘H. REHLEN’ handstamp was also seen (Figure 8).

James H. Smyth was the editor for the short-lived ‘Australian Journal of Philately’ and at the turn of the century the ‘Australian Philatelist’ was the only philatelic periodical being published in Australia and New Zealand. The stated motivation for its publication was Federation of Australia, and the promise of an uniform Australian issue instead of the Colony stamps. The 12 to 16 page monthly cost 3d and at first it was published at Smith & Nicolle at 14 Hunter St., Sydney. When the partnership in June 1902 ended, future issues were published by J.H. Smyth & Co. at 88 King Street. Publication ceased in August 1905 when Fred Hagen bought out Smyth. A copy of the contents page of the Australian Journal of Philately is seen in Figure 9.

A fine photograph of James H. Smyth (1856-1923) pictured in his office in Sydney in 1916, which also includes information on his other publications, is seen in Figure 10.

I acknowledge that the vast majority of the text and the photographs, other than the cover and the 2 postcards, was taken from a comprehensive 3-part paper by Geoff Kellow and Richard Breckon entitled ‘The History of Philatelic Publishing in Australia and New Zealand, Part 2, 1894-1918’, which appeared in The Australian Philatelist Nov/Dec1987, pages 50-57.

A. de SPEVILLE, BANQUE COMMERCIALE, PORT LOUIS, ILE MAURICE

This République Française Carte Postale has two red Western Australia 1d ‘Swan’stamps cancelled with two duplex FREMANTLE / 4/ SP 15/ 02/ W.A postmarks with the P.O obliterator, and it is addressed to Monsieur A. de Speville, Banque Commerciale, Port Louis, Ile Maurice. It has a manuscript ‘Par Paquetbot Post "Ville de la (Ciotat", obscured), via Colombo, as well as an arrival postmark of MAURITIUS/ 2/ OC 29/ 06( Figure 1).


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ADA JEMIMA CROSSLEY, 1871 - 1929, “AUSTRALIA’S NIGHTINGALE”

This postcard has two N.S.W. stamps, the ½d green and 1d. red and they are postmarked with a faint Sydney suburb MARRICKVILLE/ AU 7/ 10 PM/ 04/ N.S.W duplex cancel. The SYDNEY/ AU 8/ 5.30-AM/ 04/ 43 duplex confirms the former date. The postcard is addressed to a Honolulu, Hawaii address (Figure 1)


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ADVERTISING & CHRISTMAS GREETINGS CARD from G.P. FITZGERALD, 1907

The front of the card shows an imposing two-level building clearly labeled G.P. Fitzgerald & Co. in colour, and the reverse is addressed to a lady living at Constitution Hill, Tasmania. The stampless card has a POSTAGE PAID/ 1/ DEC 20/ 1907/ HOBART TAS postmark, as well as a reception postmark for Constitution Hill (now, Dysart), Tasmania the same day. The printed message reads: "With all Good Wishes/ for a/ Merry Christmas/ and may the New Year/ bring you every success/ and prosperity/ G.P. Fitzgerald & CO./ Mail Order Dept. (Figures 1 & 2).


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ALBERT HENRY FULLWOOD (1863-1930), ARTIST

This illustrated cover has two N.S.W. lilac 1d ‘View of Sydney’ stamps, postmarked with the duplex SYDNEY/ AP 4/ 11-AM/ 95/ 32 with the N.S.W obliterator. It is addressed to Mrs Bradford, "Hillside", Lower Sandy Bay, Hobart. The cover shows a black ink sketch of a man peering through a telescope, steps, and a sailing boat with 4 men watching the scene (Figure 1).


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AN UNUSUAL WW I POSTCARD to a SOLDIER in EGYPT

This home-made postcard was made from cut-outs of red Australian KGV heads and postage due stamps pasted to the front of a blank "Graphic' post card that was sent, presumably under cover (as there were no stamps for postage nor postmarks), to an Australian soldier in Egypt on leave from fighting at Gallipoli in Turkey. The design was drawn in black ink, but the red and green colour was filled in by the stamps.


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ARTHUR YATES & CO., SEED GROWERS, SEED MERCHANTS & NURSERYMEN

This real photograph advertising trade post card has a view of numerous workers at the in Plant Department Sydney Warehouse of Arthur Yates & CO LTD Sydney, and there is a roller cancel of a SYDNEY/ 5-PM/ JLY 24/ 1922/ N.S.W (Figure 1).


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AUGUSTUS SIMSON, PLANT & INSECT COLLECTOR, SHARE BROKER

The New South Wales Postcard with the printed red ‘Shield’ stamp was cancelled with the duplex SYDNEY/ MR 5/ 1 P.M/ 00/ 10 with the barred oval N.S.W obliterator. It was addressed to Augustus Simson Esq, Patterson Street, Launceston, Tasmania (Figure 1).


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AUSTRALIAN BANK to CALCUTTA BANK with FRENCH CONNECTION, 1899

This 1891 1½d overprint on the 2d Victorian postcard with the red ‘UNIVERSAL P0STAL UNION’ overprint, deletion of the ‘FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM’ and ‘by the long sea route’ came about when Victoria joined the U.P.U.  As a result cards could be sent for 1½d to any member country of the Union, which by then comprised most of the rest of the world.  It is addressed to the Manager, Comptoir National d’escompte de Paris, it is postmarked MELBOURNE/ 50/ MR 1/ 99, there is a transit mark of TUTICORIN/ 16 MA./ 99/ (India) and a reception mark of CALCUTTA/ 20 MA. 99 (Figure 1).


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BANK of INDIA, A/IA & CHINA: POSTCARD from MELBOURNE to BATAVIA

This THREE HALFPENCE postcard with ‘POSTAGE’ at the base of QV’s neck was introduced in March 1905 and it remained current until 1913. It was printed UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE/ (Victoria, Australia) and the 1½d stamp wass cancelled MELBOURNE/ 21/ 2 15P/ 13 SE 07/ VICTORIA. It was addressed to The Agent, Chartered Bank of India, A/ia & China, Batavia. There is a faint black squared circle BATAVIA postmark (date not legible) and a large blue double oval with CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA & CHINA/ Recd 14 OCT 1907/ ANSWd _____/ BATAVIA. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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BARHAM CORONATION QUEEN OF THE GOLDEN FLEECE, JULY 19, 1916

This postcard has been enlarged, and it shows a pageant with up to 25 participants on the stage, with adults mainly in the background and children in the foreground. The adults appear to be predominantly women in costumes, with a possible male centurion, at left, holding an erect spear, and there is a shield held nearby, as well as white drawn stage curtains at both left and right sides. There appears to be a large illustration as a backdrop to the actors, or possibly it is a rear projection on a screen. The postcard is labeled as "The Coronation of the Queen of the Golden Fleece, Barham July 19th 1916" (Figure 1).


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BARONESS de KOENNERITZ of SAINT CLOUD

A single newspaper wrapper is unlikely to excite me, but this one did because of the recipient's name and her address. There can't be too many foreign baroness in the eastern suburbs of Sydney, but Rose Bay would be a likely locale for finding one. The wrapper, without any identifier of the sender, is postmarked twice by BENDIGO/ 2/ 6-P/ 20 NO 19/ VIC on the 'No Inscription' type ½d green plus ½d green KGV head (with the 2 stamp images printed at different levels) wrapper issued in 1918. It is addressed to Baroness A.N. de Koenneritz, "Saint Cloud, Collins Avenue, Rose Bay, Sydney (Figure 1).


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BARQUE ADOLPHE, SHIPWRECK from NEWCASTLE, N.S.W. to CORNWALL

The undivided postcard was addressed to Miss M. Bullett, "Criffel", Trevethan Rd, Falmouth, Cornwall, England and it has two New South Wales stamps, a green ½d and the red ‘ONE PENNY’ Shield stamp, cancelled by a illegibly dated duplex NEWCASTLE/ N.S.W. with a barred numeral ‘55' (Figure 1).


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BARRACLUFF'S OSTRICH FARM, DIAMOND BAY, SOUTH HEAD, SYDNEY

Every now and then a postcard speaks to our family personally. It was late1950's and we bought our first home. One of our 3 sons was born whilst we lived there. It was a bungalow built on rock with 8 inches of sandy topsoil. Its address was 8 Marne Street, Vaucluse, but the locals called it Diamond Bay. It was perched high on a massive rock formation with glorious views of the Pacific. Within 10 years the back gardens of homes across the road subsided and the homes were evacuated. Another battle of the Marne. Our close neighbours slept in a historic cemetery. The milkman from Peel’s Dairy, on his horse-drawn cart delivered bottles of cream-laden milk. His horse made valuable deliveries at our curb. We had no inkling of Barracluff’s Ostrich Farm.


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BEER & BACCY -- VICTORIAN ADVERTISING POSTCARD SENT to BOSTON 1895

This 1d blue ‘Reading Stamp Duty’ postcard was the first and only Victorian postcard with advertisements, and it could be sent to all Australian Colonies, New Zealand and Fiji without additional postage.  It had a very short life for their was a furious response from conservative elements in the community, its day of issue being 1 November 1895 and it was withdrawn on 19 November 1895.  During the three weeks of use 84,960 cards were sold, many of them as a result of the bad publicity.  Mint cards are common, but postally used cards in this period are desirable.  After their withdrawal, the Post Office sold cancelled-to-order cards for 2d!  The Postmaster-General, J. Gavan Duffy had sold the rights to private advertisements to Cameron Bros., and this was an unfortunate choice of 2 popular brands.


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BEER & BACCY POSTCARD of VICTORIA (2ND PAPER) & CHICKEN SOUP

A previous discussion on this short-lived Victorian advertising postcard is to be found at this website in the Category: Postcard, under the title of ‘Beer & Baccy Victorian Advertising Postcard Sent to Boston 1895'. The first paragraph is worth repeating: This 1d blue ‘Reading Stamp Duty’ postcard was the first and only Victorian postcard with advertisements, and it could be sent to all Australian Colonies, New Zealand and Fiji without additional postage. It had a very short life for there was a furious response from conservative elements in the community. Its day of issue was 1 November 1895 and it was withdrawn on 19 November 1895. During the three weeks of use 84,960 cards were sold, many of them as a result of the bad publicity. Mint cards are common, but postally used cards in this period are desirable. After their withdrawal, the Post Office sold cancelled-to-order cards for 2d! The Postmaster-General, J. Gavan Duffy had sold the rights to private advertisements to Cameron Bros., and this was an unfortunate choice of 2 popular brands.

Another copy of the offending postcard used appropriately on the last day of issue is seen here:

The ‘Beer & Baccy’ postcard of 1895 was issued on 1 November 1895 led to a furious response from the Australian conservative elements and was withdrawn from sale the day that this message was written. It was addressed to Mr. A. Wertheimer, C/- P. Phillipson & Co, 391 Bourke Street, near Melbourne Post Office, Melbourne and the blue ‘One Penny’ printed stamp was cancelled MELBOURNE/ NO 19/ 95 (Figure 1).


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BENJAMIN DUNSTAN, QUEENSLAND GEOLOGIST, ASSAYER, PUBLIC SERVANT

The postcard had two Queensland QV stamps, a green ½d and an orange 1d ‘Four Corners’, both with the ‘OS’ perfin. They were postmarked with a roller cancel BRISBANE/ ( ). JUL. 12. 6-PM / QUEENSLAND, and it was addressed to The Public Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S. America (Figure 1).


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BRISBANE WINDMILL OBSERVATORY & Q’LAND STAMP ILLUSTRATIONS

The pictorial postcard has the green ½d QV and the orange QV ‘Four Corners’ 1d stamps of Queensland, canceled by an indistinct postmark in the late 1890s-early 1900s and it is addressed to a person living in Denver, Colorado U.S.A. (Figure 1).


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CETINJE, MONTENEGRO VIA SUEZ from MACKAY, QLD: 1894 POSTCARD

The Queensland Universal Postal Union 1½d postcard has the ’Rays 33' on the printed stamp with a MACKAY/ D/ JY 21/94/ QUEENSLAND postmark alongside, as well as a transit BRISBANE/ JY 24/ 94/ QUEENSLAND postmark. In addition there is a transit SUEZ/ A/ 27 ( ) 94, as well as a partial transit of CONSTANTINOPLE (date illegible). The postcard is addressed to Frau Leonie B. Bergner, Citinje (sic), Monte Negro (sic), Europe (Figure 1).


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CHARLES DANA GIBSON, ILLUSTRATOR, 1868-1944 [USA]

The pen-and-ink drawings of illustrator Charles Gibson came to represent the spirit of the early twentieth century in America. His illustrations appeared in a number of popular magazines and they both influenced and reflected attitudes, behaviours and mores in the country. The onset of the First World War was said to have ended the public's romance with Gibson's images, for the collective outlook changed from confident optimism to reserved cynicism; the latter outlook made Gibson's perspective to be out of place.


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COCHIN, INDIA to RAVENSTHORPE, W. A.: PHILLIPS RIVER GOLD & COPPER MINE

This fine postcard was produced in British India and it has a red printed ‘ONE ANNA’ King Edward VII head stamp, postmarked COCHIN/ 7DE. 10/ AM. It is addressed to H.B. Hallam Esq., C/o Phillips River G (old) & C(opper) Co. Lrd., Ravensthorpe, West Australia (Figure 1).


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CODED MESSAGE: WINGHAM to TINONEE, N.S.W., POSTCARD: MANLY BEACH

The coloured postcard of Manly Beach, Sydney has a red 1d ‘Shield of New South Wales’ stamp postmarked with the rays numeral ‘123' of Wingham, New South Wales (Figure 1).


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COOLGARDIE CYCLE EXPRESS: LOCAL POSTS EASTERN GOLDFIELDS 1894-7

Western Australia gold field memorabilia are not infrequent finds at auction sites, and the Coolgardie Cycle Express Service, Coolgardie, W.A., 1894 postcard reproduction is a reminder of the past. It was produced in 1964 to commemorate the 70th Anniversary of the service in 1964. The front shows reproductions of the blue 1/- and 2/6 "cinderellas" postmarked with a special cancellation (Figure 1).


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DAME ELLEN TERRY, "ALL THE RAGE DOWN HERE" MELBOURNE 9 MR 1907

This post card raises at least two questions, the first being: Was Master Walter Jansen of Maryborough, Victoria enamored of receiving a postcard from his sister of a future Shakespearian actress Dame?; and, did Ellen Terry perform on the stage in Melbourne in 1907? I can’t answer for sure in regards to the first question, but at present, after an intensive search of the extensive writings concerning Ellen Terry, I could find that she was in Australia only in the years 1914-1915.

The postcard had a single pink ‘ONE PENNY, POSTAGE’ stamp of Victoria clearly dated MELBOURNE/ 11/ 1-P 9MR07/ VICTORIA, and it was addressed to Master W. Jansen, Bourke St., Maryborough, Vic. The message read "Dear Waler (sic) I hope that you will like this PC. Ellen Terry is all the rage down here. Tell mother to send my handkercheefs (sic) as I want them very bad. Love to all (Signature illegible) (Figure 1).


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DANIEL CONGDON’S POSTCARD to A. M. JOSEPHSON: REQUEST for HIS V0TE

The postcard had a brown One Half-Penny Swan stamp of Western Australia postmarked FREMANTLE/ 1/ JY 14/ 94/ W.A, and it was addressed to Mr. A,M. Josephson, Fremantle (Figure 1).


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DAWSON CITY, YUKON, CANADA: TWO POSTCARDS from CONSUL to CONSUL

Two pictorial postcards from Australian States were addressed to the American Vice Consul in Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada.. The first was mailed from Melbourne in February 1906 with the blue 2½d Victoria stamp and was addressed Hon. J. Carlton Woodward, American Vice & Deputy Consul, Dawson City, Y.T. (Yukon Territory), Canada. On its reverse it showed a black & white General View of Collins Street, Melbourne, with a short message: "Feby 9, 1906/ With compliments of John P. Bray, American Consul General, Melbourne, Australia" (Figures 1 & 2).


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DEEBING CREEK ABORIGINAL MISSION, NEAR IPSWICH, QUEENSLAND

The Post Card has single copies of th green ½d QV and the orange ‘Four Corners’ Queensland stamps which are cancelled with a duplex Toowoomba and the numeral ‘626' dated August 9, 1903. It is addressed to Herrn Adolphe Feige, Bethel bei Bielefeld, Westphalen, Germany. There is a reception postmark of BETHEL/ 14 14 9 03/ bei BIELEFELD (Figure 1).


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DENNYS, LASCELLES & CO., GEELONG WOOL MERCHANTS

The 1876-81 1d ‘Bell’ postcard was postmarked with the duplex GEELONG and B.N. ‘2' with an indistinct date, and it was addressed to Messrs Peterson, Lane & Co. Melbourne (Figure 1).


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DR. SIMON, METALLURGIST & COOLGARDIE CHAMBER of MINES/COMMERCE

The Western Australian postcard has a ‘ONE HALF-PENCE’ printed brown ‘swan’ stamp of W.A. cancelled with a duplex COOLGARDIE/ FE 21/ 1896/WESTERN AUSTRALIA with a barred obliterator. It is addressed to Dr. A. Simon, Coolgardie (Figure 1).


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DRAYTON & GARSON, MELBOURNE UNDERTAKERS & EMBALMERS

Why would anyone send such a postcard to a friend? Perhaps because of the historical nature of the horse-drawn funeral carriages, but this may have been the norm in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century? The undated postcard gives no clue as to its publisher, and it has the pink 1d QV ‘Postage’ stamp of Victoria cancelled with a wavy VICTORIA roller postmark. The receiver of the postcard, Mrs. F. Treyvaud has an interesting address of ‘Marconi’, Pt. Lonsdale, via Queenscliff, Victoria, and the message penned by the sender ‘R.G.’ reads: Dear E. Just a line to say I will not be driving to meet you tomorrow, as buggy is in dock. If I do not get to the boat, you go to Flinders St by train, then get tram out here and we will watch for you, R.G. As an after-thought, at the heading of the note, there is an addition: You can get train ticket to town on boat (Figure 1).


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E. OTHAMS, BOWLS CHAMP/FREEMASON to DR. J. FRANTA, PRAGUE, AUSTRIA

The South Australian Post Card has a printed 1d overprinted O.S. stamp uprated with the bantam ½d S.A. stamp overprinted O.S., cancelled with G.P.O./ S/ MY 1/ 4 OC/ 1899/S.A postmark. In addition there is a reception PRAG 1/ PRAHA 1, but the date is illegible . It is addressed to Dr. Yaroslav Franta, Prague II Marianska’ ulice 9, Bohemia, Austria (Figure 1).


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ELEANOR (NELLIE) TOWZEY STEWART, WOOLOOMOOLOO BORN ACTRESS

The postcard has two stamps of N.S.W. heavily cancelled with a duplex SYDNEY/ JA 24/ NOON/ 05/ 44 with the N.S.W obliterator. It was addressed to Vancouver, Canada with a manuscript. Per R.M.S. Moama, and it had an arrival postmark of VANCOUVER/ 7/ FE 16/ 05/ B.C. (Figure 1).


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ENRICO CARUSO: POSTCARD FROM SYDNEY to MILAN, REDIRECTED to ROME

This taxed New South Wales postcard has the red printed 1d ‘Arms’ stamp canceled with the duplex SYDNEY/ DE 30/ 3 45 P.M/ 02/ 44 with the barred N.S.W obliterator. It is addressed to Signor Cav. Enrico Caruso, 1 Via Velasca, Milan Italy, and is redirected simply to ‘Roma’. It has a ‘shield’ N.S.W/ T/ 5' tax handstamp, with the red 10 centesimi Italian postage due stamp, which is cancelled with an illegible Milan postmark. There is a ms. blue crayon ‘6', a black oval ‘135' as well as a black oval ‘230' (Figure 1).


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F.G. MULLER-BEECK, GERMAN CONSUL, NAGASAKI, JAPAN from HOBART

The pink ‘ONE PENNY’ Tasmanian Postcard (H & G #3A) had an additional orange ½d ‘Tablet’ QV stamp paying the correct rate from Hobart to Japan. It had a duplex HOBART/ A/ FE 11/ 1897 with TASMANIA obliterator, as well as a transit HONG KONG/ MR 13/ 97 postmark. It was addressed to Consul Muller-Beeck, Nagasaki, Japan. The reverse was not seen but it had an arrival backstamp of Nagasaki (Figure 1).


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FRANK ALLWORK, TASMANIAN DOCTOR & FORMER S.A. VINEYARD OWNER

This Tasmania Post and Telegraph form is strictly non-postal, but it does have an OUSE/ AU 19/ 03/ TASMANIA postmark. It was sent from Macquarie Plains on that date to a Mr. Nicholas, Coroner in Ouse with the following message: Have made full enquiries case of Dr. Stewart. My opinion death due to failure heart. No suspicion of suicide. Consider Inquest unnecessary. Frank Allwork, New Norfolk. It was calculated as 27 words and ‘1/ 8 Pd’ (one shilling and 8 pence) was paid (Figure 1).


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FRANK GRIMLEY, COACH & WAGON BUILDER,
SADDLERY MANUFACTURER

The red 1d NSW ‘Shield’ postcard was postmarked WEDDERBURN/ JA 11/ 1904/ N.S.W and addressed to a Bicycle Deater in Gympie, Queensland (Figure 1).


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FRED & ERNEST CRISP BARREL OIL POSTCARD

The Tasmanian postcard with the 1d red QV sideface stamp was postmarked HOBART/ A/ MY 5/ 1903/ TASMANIA and addressed Messrs Chas Atkins Co., 472 Flinders St, Melbourne and it also has a MELBOURNE 7 5 03 reception postmark on the front. In manuscript at the bottom right corner there is an F. & E. Crisp 4/5/05 inscription applied by the sender (Figure 1).


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FREEMAN & WALLACE, MEDICAL INSTITUTE & HOMEOPATHIC DOCTORS

The New South Wales Post Card with the printed red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp is addressed to Messrs Freeman & Wallace, Medical Institute, 227½ Elizabeth street, Sydney. The stamp is cancelled with the ‘624' Ray of Luddenham (Figure 1).


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FRIEDRICH CHARLES KRICHAUFF, STAMP COLLECTOR, PHOTOGRAPHER & ARCHITECT

This unusually addressed cover apparently found its way into the hands of the addressee, F.C. Krichauff, Esq, Stamp Collector, South Australia, in spite of the inadequate address. The ½ anna green embossed stamp from India was up-rated with a blue 2 anna stamp of India, and both were cancelled with the squared circle BOMBAY/ F/ AP 2/ (18)97. The reverse, not seen by me, had Tuticorin, India and Colombo, Ceylon transits and an Adelaide, S.A. receiver mark (Figure 1).


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FRIEDRICH KRICHAUFF, 1ST S. A. PARLIAMENTARIAN of GERMAN ORIGIN

The front of the South Australian one penny purple postcard is postmarked with a duplex cancel of G.P.O. ADELAIDE/ MY 14 / 91/ S.A, and is addressed to the Hon F.E.H.W. Krichauff M.L.C., Flinders Street (Adelaide) (Figure 1).


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GEBRUDER SENF , LEIPZIG GERMANY, POSTCARD FROM VICTORIA

The red overprinted UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION with both ‘FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM’ and ‘By the long sea route’ barred out, also has a 1½d overprint on the ‘TWO PENNY’ postcard from Victoria. Victoria’s decision to join the U.P.U. in 1891 allowed post cards to be sent for 1½d to any member country of the Union. The postcard was addressed to Gebruder Senf, (Senf Brothers),Leipzig Germany - Alemania. The postmark was illegible as far as the town’s name, but the vendor stated it was posted in 1901. There was a circular reception postmark of L.13/ 17 8/ S-7N/ C . The reverse had no date and no postmark but it had a message: I depart from here to-morrow, Yours truly, R. Nuln (Figure 1).


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GENERAL JOHN FRENCH, HERO in the BOER WAR [SOUTH AFRICA]

This Boer War recruitment publicity postcard with ‘General French War South Africa’ has a portrait of the general on a medal, shows British flags, a crown and crossed swords, plus an inscription ‘We Conquer Step by Step”. It is postmarked with a partial squared circle ALDGATE/ 2/ JY 30/ 00/ S.(A). There is an additional faint circular cancel confirming the JY 30/00 date.


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GEORGE & LEO WHITNEY’s ELECTRIC STUDIO & LUNA PARK, MELBOURNE

There is no evidence that this postcard has ever gone through the post. However there are certain intriguing reasons to spin a tale about it for the 2 American brothers who were photographers in Melbourne for perhaps a decade had a significant role to play in the formation of Melbourne’s Luna Park. The postcard advertises the Whitney Bros. Electric Studios, Bourke Street, Melbourne. It also has 2 additional advertising features contained in a circle, on the left ‘Day or Night Lightno Process’ and on the right ‘Finished While You Wait’, the latter phrase being the photo studio’s greatest selling point. It was addressed to B.R. Wright, Public Library, Swanston Street,City MELB., the significance of which has not been followed up (Figure 1).


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H.K. LEWIS, BOOK PUBLISHER, SELLER & LENDING LIBRARY, LONDON

This Victoria postcard with the red ‘UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION’, ‘1½d’ and two deletions applied to the 2d overseas card was issued in 1891 and the printed stamp was cancelled with a duplex Melbourne in 1904.  It was addressed to H.K. LEWIS Esq, Bookseller, Gower Street, London, England (Figure 1).


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HENRY LEWIS JONES, QUEENSLAND'S QUEEN BEE KING

This printed to private order Queensland postcard with the 1d printed stamp has a faint Type 2b 10 bar numeral ‘488' of Goodna, Queensland (14 km east of Ipswich) as well as a routing postmark, T.P.O. S & W RY NO 4/ A 7 OC 95/ QUEENSLAND, and it is addressed to Mr. R.S. Kinnear, The Overflow, Nyngan, N.S.W. (Figure 1).


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HUGO ZOLLER, GERMAN JOURNALIST, AUTHOR & WORLD TRAVELER

The South Australian postcard had a purple ‘ONE PENNY’ stamp postmarked by SHIP MAIL ROOM/ S2/ AU 2/ 88/S. A and it was addressed to Hugo Zöller Esq, Poste Restante, Melbourne. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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J. KITCHEN & SONS PTY. LTD., MELBOURNE POSTAL CARD 1931

This used printed to private order postal card is said by the vendor to be “very rare, perhaps two exist” and it was sold at auction AUD 1,100. It was listed as a 1928-36 KGV Oval 1½d brown HG K8 on a bluish advice card. It was addressed to ‘Mr V. Hay, Storekeeper Chelsea (Victoria) and was postmarked MORWELL/ 11 FE 31/ VIC. The item was sold AUD100 above the estimate. (Figure 1).


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J. P. JONES M.L.C., SPEAKER at the VICTORIAN INSTITUTE of ADVERTISER MEN

The Commonwealth of Australia postcard with the printed purple 1d KGV Head stamp was cancelled by a roller cancel of MELBOURNE/ 14 OC- 11PM/ 1923 as well as a slogan advertising the BRITISH EMPIRE EXHIBITION. It was addressed to Mr. G.J. Manton, 430 Lit(tle) Collins St., Melbourne (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JACOB BRACHE, GERMAN CIVIL & MINING ENGINEER, COAL & GOLD MINER

The 1876-81mauve‘One Penny Bell’ postcard of Victoria according to Geoff Kellow’s ‘The Stamps of Victoria’ (1990), pages 360-361 was issued on 6 October 1876 and in mid-1878 a new plate was issued with a thicker outer frame-line than in the present one, which was an example of the earlier post card. It was addressed to J. Brache, Merri St., Northcote (Victoria). The stamp was cancelled with a duplex MELBOURNE/ 7Z/ AU 8/ 78 with the VICTORIA barred obliterator. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JAMES HENRY BRETT WALCH of J. WALCH & SONS PTY LTD, HOBART (1)

The cover is addressed to J. Walch & Son, Newspaper Agents. Hobart, Tasmania and the two red 1d ‘Shield’ stamps of N.S.W. have 2 copies of the barred numeral ‘1711'. There is a transit roller cancel of SYDNEY/ SEP 22/ 12 M/ 1905/ 15 overlying the postmark of origin RILEY’S HILL/ SP 20/ 1905/ N.S.W (Type 1 D (i), opened 1893, closed 1978, 29 k from Ballina. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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JOHN GEORGE SAUERBREY (1830-1919)

This 1886 1d Victoria "Astley" stamp design was issued as a postcard on 1 June 1886, eight weeks prior to the design's issue as a stamp. The initial card was for use in Victoria only at the one penny rate, and use to other intercolonial destinations required a further 1d stamp. The 3-line instruction to this effect was altered on a reissue on 4 July 1887 following an agreement between the Australian Colonies to accept each other's postcards without additional postage. Both the 1886 and 1887 postcards were printed in violet-brown on either cream or grey-buff card, from a plate of 36 impressions.


Continued ...


JOHN WALKER & CO., MARYBOROUGH, QLD: LAUNCH of ‘SAURIAN’ DREDGE

The red ONE PENNY Queensland postcard is canceled with an indistinct Maryborough postmark and is addressed to N.S. Arundell Esq, c/o Messrs J.T. Annear & Co., Maryborough (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN (1836-1914) & TARIFF REFORM [ENGLAND]

When I first considered this paper in 2003, I gave it the title of "Donkey/Mule and Teddy/ Joey", for I could not differentiate whether the kicking quadriped was a donkey or a mule and whether it represented a monocled Teddy Roosevelt or Joey Chamberlain. Additional research confirmed that Joseph Chamberlain was the subject of this cartoon postcard, which was probably of English manufacture.


Continued ...


JULES RENARD, WOOLBROKER MERCHANT, BELGIAN CONSUL, MELBOURNE

The purple 1d N.S.W. postcard went through the mail uncancelled and was posted to Messrs Jules Renard & Co., 306 Kent St., Sydney (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JULIUS LEVY, PITT ST., SYDNEY. POSTCARD from TOOWOOMBA QLD, 1896

This ONE PENNY Queensland postcard is postmarked with '214' rays and an unframed TOOWOOMBA/ QUEENSLAND (with an indistinct date). It is addressed to Mr. Julius Levy, 127 Pitt St., Sydney NSW and has an arrival duplex SYDNEY/ MR 11/ U/ 96/ 29 with N.S.W. between 3 horizontal bars, above and below. Neither the time code replaced by 'U' nor the '29' are recorded in Tobin & Orchard's 'The Standard Circular Datestamps and Related Markings' of Sydney, Volume 6, 1995 (Figure 1).


Continued ...


KIMBERLEY, TASMANIA to ALEX NORTH F.R.V.I.A., ARCHITECT LAUNCESTON

This Tasmania Post Card with the red 1d King Edward VII head was the third Tasmanian type of official postcard issued with this sovereign’s head, the 2-line inscription having been removed from beneath the crest of the previous issue. It was issued on a buff colored card with an early date of 4 September 1906 and reissued on a white card, with an early date of 1 June 1912, the latter being scarce.  It was postmarked with a fine KIMBERLEY/ OC 4/ 10/ TASMANIA cancel and it was addressed to Alex North Esq., F.R.V.I.A., A.M.P. Chambers, Cameron St., Launceston (Figure 1).


Continued ...


LAWRENCE ADAMSON, HEADMASTER of WESLEY COLLEGE, MELBOURNE

The orange brown One Penny ‘Reading’ postcard on yellow stock was cancelled with a duplex MELBOURNE/ 16 S/ JE 10/ 91 with a VICTORIA obliterator, and it was addressed to L.A. Adamson Esq, Wesley College, Prahran (Figure 1).


Continued ...


LEATHER POSTCARDS of AUSTRALIAN INTEREST

I had thought that leather postcards were uncommon until I looked on Ebay, where I found hundreds of them on offer, all of American origin. I learnt that the leather postcard had its heyday in the last decade of the 1800's and the first decade of the 1900's, when they were largely replaced by commercially printed postcards, in great abundance. The writing and illustration on leather postcards were often produced by a burning technique, although the technique of printing on American leather postcards was prevalent in the early 1900's.


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LEO BURING [HERMANN PAUL LEOPOLD (LEO) BURING] S.A. VIGNERON

The brown ONE PENNY South Australian postcard was addressed to Leo Buring Esq, Spring Vale, Water Vale, (South Australia) and it was postmarked with a ‘Squared Circle’ ROSEWORTHY/ SE 19/ 99/ S.A (Figure 1).


Continued ...


LIONEL & WILLIAM SAMSON, EARLY SWAN RIVER COLONY SETTLERS

A relatively ordinary front to this 1880 postcard reveals an interesting story about early settlers in Western Australia. The one-half penny postcard is addressed to a customer in Fremantle and it is postmarked with a FREMANTLE duplex, the date being illegible (Figure 1).


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LONDON & HAMBURG GOLD RECOVERY CO.: DIEHL, GUNTHER & HAMILTON

Three postal items were found addressed to an important Western Australian gold mining company at Kalgoorlie, W.A., and three men were identified to be significantly involved with the gold mining industry. The first man identified was the least important and he was the addressee on 2 of the items. In dated sequence, the first item was an ‘On Public Service Only’ cover addressed to E. Gunther Esq., London & Hamburg Gold Rec. Cy, Box 64, GPO, Kalgoorlie. The source of the cover was the ‘Western Australian International Mining and Industrial Exhibition. Coolgardie, 1899. This stampless cover had a purple double-ringed handstamp ‘WESTERN AUSTRALIA EXHIBITION/ FRANK/ [Swan]/ STAMP/ COOLGARDIE 1899 with an overlying duplex of a unframed COOLGARDIE/ 2/ AP 25/ 1899/ WESTERN AUSTRALIA, with the barred obliterator P.O. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


LT. G.A. SHELDRICK, P.O.W., AGAZZAND, RAZZANELLO, PIACENZA, ITALY

Two identical Italian postcards for the same Australian soldier came available on eBay addressed to the same unidentified person, Mr. W. Lafranchi, 25 Pender Street, Preston, Victoria. Only one cover was dated in Italy, 22.2.42 (top R.H. corner). The cards were both printed as Poste Italiene Cartolini Postale Per Prigionieri Di Guerra, and both had various Passed by Censor handstamps, most of Italian origin includia a 2-line VERIFICATO/ PER CENSURA. The sender of both was identified as Lieutenant Godfrey Arthur Sheldrick, but what was the designated internment camp could have been different in both. The first was shown was as ‘N.17/ POSTA MILITARE 3200/ ITALY’ and the second as ‘N.78 POSTA/ MILITARE 3300 ITALY’ (Figures 1 & 2).


Continued ...


LYDIA YEAMANS-TITUS & LESLIE HARRIS, SOCIETY ENTERTAINERS

This postcard with the bluish green Half Penny stamp of New South Wales was postmarked with the duplex WILLIAM STREET/ FE 20/ 12- ( )PM/ 06/ N.S.W and the numeral ‘697', and also had a MORE TO PAY/ 1D / [maltese cross] handstamp.  It was addressed to Andrew Smart Esq, “Weekly Mail”, Wellington, New Zealand.  The printed advertising matter reads: Opera House, Wellington,  commencing Saturday, Sept 22 1906   Prices:  3/-, 2/-, 1/-   BOX PLAN AT HOLLIDAY’S (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MAGGIE STIRLING, POSTCARD from BENALLA VIC. to HOBART 'PILLAR RECEIVERS' P'MK

The postcard had a pink 1d QV stamp of Victoria, cancelled with BENALLA/ 21 DE 05/ VICTORIA, and it was addressed to Hobart and readdressed to Launceston. At the original address it was postmarked HOBART/ P.R / 7 - -A 27. DE. 05/ TASMANIA The message of good wishes for Christmas and New Year was of no particular significance and of no relevance as regards the picture on the reverse (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MALCOLM DONALD McEACHARN of McILWRAITH MCEACHARN SHIPPING Co.

The Victorian Postcard had a printed orange READING ONE PENNY QV’ stamp with a duplex MELBOURNE/ 1A/ MR 9/ 93 with a VICTORIA obliterator. It was addressed to J. Dowling Esq, Collins St, City as well as a boxed ‘UNCLAIMED AT/ MELBOURNE. There was a black ink ms. ‘Not known/ Initials/ 9/3/93' at the top left, and a purple illegible ms. at the bottom left (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MATTHEW BURNETT, TEMPERANCE EVANGELIST, GRAFTON N.S.W., 1889

The New South Wales postcard has a purple printed ‘ONE PENNY View of Sydney’ stamp cancelled with a duplex GRAFTON/ MY 29/ 89/ N.S.W witha barred numeral obliterator ‘90' over the stamp, and it is addressed to Mr. G.A. Jordan, Queen St., Grafton (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MAUD EVELYN CRAVEN JEFFRIES, ACTOR, with STRONG AUSTRALIAN CONNECTION [USA]

The address side of this postcard has the N.S.W. red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp postmarked with a duplex NEWCASTLE/OC 11/ 12.15 P.M./05/ N.S.W with the barred numeral ‘55', and it was sent to a Hobart, Tasmania address (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MAXIMILIAN TANNENBERG, STAMP DESIGNER of AUSTRALIAN STATES

Two postal items have appeared at two auction sites in the past year addressed to Max Tannenberg. The first is a cover described as follows: "use of the India 4a 6p envelope from Rangoon to Melbourne addressed to Maximillian (sic) Tannenberg". It has a RANGOON/ AUG 19 cds with an 8 barred R duplex obliterator and it was sent to Tannenberg, at his home address 19 Canning Street, Carlton, Melbourne, Australia. There is a pencilled ‘36' (registration number?) as well three examples of insufficient postage paid: a black ink manuscript ‘18cts’; a large oval ‘MORE TO PAY’ handstamp with ‘8' inserted in pencil; and, a large ‘T’ in a circle handstamp. The vendor is not sure if the tax markings were applied in India or Victoria., but he is well aware that Max is a known Australian colony stamp designer. The reverse (not seen) shows that 1884 was the year of the cover being posted, and it was postmarked at Bombay, Melbourne and Carlton (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MELBOURNE to the DIRECTOR of FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM, CHICAGO

This overprinted UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Victoria postcard with the 2d stamp overprinted with 1½d has both the reference to the United Kingdom and the long sea route barred-out when Victoria joined the U.P.U. in 1901. It is postmarked MELBOURNE/ 15A/ DE 16/ 99 and is addressed to The Director, Field Columbian Museum, Chicago, U.S. America. By 1894 the original grey card of 1891 ran out and this buff coloured card was introduced. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MELBOURNE-LA SERENA via MONTEVIDEO, URUGUAY & VALPARAISO, CHILE

The routing of this Victorian postcard has long given me concerns, and I still am not sure why it went via Uruguay to La Serena, Chile. The postcard is unique, for Victoria was the only Colony to accord postal commemoration of the new Commonwealth when a series of postcards was issued on the ‘eve’ of Federation. The design of the series featured a heading with the letters “AC” (Australian Commonwealth) above the coat of arms. The series comprised five postcards, each in a different colour, blue-green, grey-green, blue, lilac-brown and orange, and was issued between 20 and 22 December 1900 [Australian Federation was 1 January 1901]. It is believed that about 250,000 post cards were issued (Geoff Kellow 1990). On 9 February1904, an additional ½d had to be added for destinations outside Australia.


Continued ...


MESSRS. W. MURDOCH & CO. MERCHANTS, HOBART 1894

The Tasmanian red One Penny postcard was postmarked with the duplex HOBART/ H/ SE 3/ 94 with TASMANIA in the oval obliterator and simply addressed to Messrs. W. Murdoch & Co. Liverpool St. (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MINNIE TITTELL BRUNE, MOST POPULAR ACTRESS IN AUSTRALIA in 1904-09 [USA]

This postcard was sent from BRIGHTON STATION/ SP 7/ (19)08/ TASMANIA to Elizabeth Street, Hobart and the personal message was of no consequence (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MOABIT, BERLIN: MULTIPLE POSTCARDS from MELBOURNE to HERMANN BURCHARDT

Two ‘POST CARD/ FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM/ By the long sea route’ produced in 1889 in Victoria with the ‘TWO PENCE/ STAMP DUTY’ stamp were sent to Germany in 1891 from, the same individual to the same addressee. The ‘long sea route’ referred to the fact that the card was transmitted totally by the sea route to Britain, and it was less expensive than the ‘THREE PENCE’ green post card issued at the same time for the carriage by the faster, overland route from Brindisi, Italy to Britain.

Geoff Kellow in his ‘Stamps of Victoria’ in 1990 wrote (p. 363) about this 2d card: "Although common in mint condition, postally used examples of the card in the correct period are very scarce, as they were very little used by the public." He then goes on to say that the above-mentioned "3d green card rate was discontinued at the beginning of 1891 when all 2d post cards were carried by the ‘via Brindisi’ route." Although these cards probably would not be considered to have been used in the ‘correct period’ (before early 1891), they are unusual for the reason that additional postage was added to both.

The first postcard was addressed to Hermann Burchardt Esq., C/o Gustav Sachs Esq., Brucken Allee, Moabit Berlin, Germany and the printed 2d stamp has a ‘diamond’ of squared dots cancel with a partial unframed EAST MELBOURNE/ JE 29/ 91/ VIC cancel to the left of the diamond cancel. The additional unframed postmarks on the two added stamps (an orange 1d ‘Reading’ Stamp Duty and an ochre 3d Stamp Duty) confirms the site and date of origin. In addition, there are two German postmarks, a darker Bestellt/ vom/ Postamte 2/ 4.8.91/ (--)-1¼N and a fainter Bestellt/ vom/ Postamte 23/ 4 8 91/ 8¾-10¼N (Figures 1 & 2).


Continued ...


MUSEUM CURATOR, SYDNEY, EDWARD P. RAMSAY, 1ST AUSTRALIAN BORN

The postcard had a pink ‘One Penny’ printed QV stamp of New South Wales postmark of the ‘Rays’ 30 of Camden and it was addressed to The Curator, Museum, Sydney. In addition there were 2 additional postmarks, an originating CAMDEN/ DE 15/ 1877/ N.S.W of Type 1 C, the earliest recorded date, as well as a reception postmark of SYDNEY/ (-)/ DE 15/ 77/ 8 (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MUSEUM, SYDNEY to ACADEMIE IMPERIALE des SCIENCES ST. PETERSBURG

The Commonwealth of Australia, New South Wales Post Card is addressed to The Secretary, Academie Imperiale des Sciences St. Petersburg: it has a printed red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp of N.S.W. with the uncommon OS/ NSW perfin, which perforates the card. There is a roller cancel SYDNEY N.S.W. AP 11- 3-PM 1912. In addition there are 2 identical ST. PETERSBURG (in cyrillic)/ -1-5-12-, as well as an additional ms. ‘Russia’ and other illegible manuscripts, in a different hand (Figure 1).


Continued ...


No 4 AUXILIARY HOSPITAL, ABBASSIA ARTILLERY BARRACKS, 1915 [EGYPT]

This may well be a one of a kind illustrated World War One postcard on account of the large 3-ringed postal marking with the unusual centrally placed ABBASSIA and the 8 11 1915 date-stamp, that originated at the No 4 Auxiliary Hospital, Artillery Barracks, Abbassia, (Cairo). It has a manuscript ‘on active service 1276 9th.. 6th Reg, and is addressed to a Mrs P.C. Mowle, Neutral Bay, Sydney. The card is stampless, and the message short: Wishing you & Bill & Percy a very happy Christmas & New year. I wont be at the front before Christmas, (signed) Den. There is a transit postmark HELIOPOLIS/ 9 XI.15 - 5 P.M with arabic notation in the lower third. At the lower left hand side the origin of the card is described: The Cairo Postcard Trust Cairo 61857/ Serie 529 (Figure 1).


Continued ...


PATERSON, LAING & BRUCE LTD, WYNYARD STREET, SYDNEY to APIA SAMOA

Examples of the present postcard appeared on 2 Australian auction sites. The company has an interesting history which may never be fully told, as the records were lost in the bombing of the London, England company during World War 2. To add further interest, the son of one of the partners had a significant impact on subsequent Australian history.


Continued ...


PEABODY MUSEUM of AMERICAN ARCHEOLOGY & ETHNOLOGY at HARVARD

 

The Commonwealth of Australia, New South Wales postcard has a printed red 1d ‘Shield stamp of N.S.W. which was perfined OS/ NSW and a blue-green ½d QV stamp has been added, and it was also perfined OS/ NSW. The stamps were postmarked with a roller cancel of SYDNEY/ NSW/ 1911, and the postcard was addressed to the Librarian, Peabody Museum of American Archeology & Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA (Figure 1).


Continued ...


PLINY HAROLD HAYES M.D., THE ASTHMA INSTITUTE, BUFFALO, N.Y.

The illustrated Tasmanian postcard has a view of Government House, Hobart and has a purple 2½d ‘Side Face’ Tasmanian stamp postmarked with the duplex LAUNCESTON/ K/ JA 7/ 98/ P – R cancel as well as  the TASMANIA obliterator.  It was addressed to Dr. P. Harold Hayes MD, 716 Main St, Buffalo, New York, United States of America. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


POSTCARD to DR. BENHAM from MOUNT LYELL MINING & RAILWAY Co. Ltd.

This 1d pink Victoria postcard has a roller postmark MELBOURNE/ OC 29–2-30P/ VICT/ 1908 and it was sent to Dr. Benham, Camden House, Exeter, S.A. (Figure 1).


Continued ...


POSTCARD to T. AITKEN, VICTORIA PARADE BREWERY, EAST MELBOURNE

This Victorian postcard is an example of the 1876-81 1d "Bell" Post Cards, a variant of the initial issue which had a fine outer frame-line of the ornamental border, for the outer frame-line is thick. It was issued in mid-1878 and this example was postmarked with the duplex MELBOURNE/ 11Y/ SE 27/ 81 and was addressed in bold print to Mr.T. Aitken, Victoria Parade Brewery, East Melbourne (Figure 1).


Continued ...


POSTCARD to TAMATAVE, MADAGASCAR from BRISBANE

From the outset I have to admit that I am not an avid collector of Australian Colonial postcards, nor do I have much knowledge of ship routes from Brisbane to what I would call exotic places. The purpose of this paper is to see if readers can add information to the content of this paper.


Continued ...


POSTCARD to WILLIAM A. TOPLIS, SARK, CHANNEL ISLANDS, ENGLAND

There are four main islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney and Sark) in the English Channel that are called the 'Channel Islands'. These islands are dependencies of the British crown (although strictly not part of the United Kingdom), having been so attached since the Conquest of 1066 when they formed part of the Duchy of Normandy. The smallest of the four is Sark. The islands were occupied by the Germans in WW II. The total area is only 194 sq km and both English and French are spoken, and Norman-French patois survives (Figure 1).


Continued ...


POSTCARD: V-PACIFIC DAY ADMIRALTY ISLANDS, SOUTH-WEST PACIFIC

The postcard has a manuscript ‘V-Pacific Day Souvenir Air Mail Card - Mailed Admiralty Islands South-West Pacific’. It has a red 6 cents USA air mail stamp, postmarked with a fine A.F.P.O./ 15 AU 45/ 203 and it was addressed to E.D. Cash, 21 Victoria Square, Perth, West Australia (Figure 1).


Continued ...


PROF. MORRIS LOEWY, HOBOKEN N.J., MAGICIAN & STAMP COLLECTOR

A colourful non-Australian-related cover introduced me to the Professor Loewy two years ago and almost simultaneously I found an Australian cover sent to the same man. The Hoboken N.J. cover sold for a cool USD 6,000, the price can be attributed to at least 3 factors: it is a first day cover for the 1901 2c Pan-American Exposition stamp with a May 1 1901 machine cancel; the black vignette of the stamp is shifted upward; it has a multi-coloured vignette; and there are 3 different design exposition labels, one tied by the postmark (Figure 1).


Continued ...


REVEREND CHARLES M. YELLAND, VICARAGE, FITZROY from TASMANIA

I am having trouble with the postal markings on this Tasmanian Post Card with the printed red 1d Tasmanian stamp which is uprated with the same red 1d Tasmanian stamp to pay the rate to Melbourne. I agree with the vendor that the barred numeral is the second allocation ‘109', but disagree for it was not used at Little Swanport, but it was for Lisdillon, Tasmania. The circular cancel’s is illegible, and is definitely not Little Swanport. The date and State are well seen as JU 16 or 15/ 86/ TASMANIA. It was addressed to Revd C.M. Yelland, ‘Vicarage’, Fitzroy, Melbourne, Victoria. I would appreciate learning other alternatives. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


REVEREND HERMANN HERLITZ, LUTHERAN PASTOR in MELBOURNE

This New South Wales postcard has the 1d ‘Shield’ impression cancelled with a faint barred numeral ‘1529' of Pleasant Hills and an even fainter reception postmark of Melbourne. It is addressed to Rev. H. Herlitz, Gisborne Str, East Melbourne, Vic (Figure 1).


Continued ...


ROBERT & ARTHUR BUNNING, W.A. TIMBER MERCHANTS & J. TALBOT HOBBS

This common Western Australian ½d postcard was postmarked with a duplex PERTH/ 1/ JL 5/ 92 with the G.P.O obliterator and was addressed to Messrs. Bunning Bros, Goderich St., Perth (Figure 1).


Continued ...


ROBERT BROUGH & DION BOUCICAULT, COMEDY COMPANY, SHANGHAI

This 1d red New South Wales postcard has an additional red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp added and it is cancelled with a duplex SYDNEY/ MY 3/ (–) PM/ 01/ 41 with the N.S.W obliterator. It is addressed to Allan Hamilton Esqr, The Brough Comedy Coy, Shanghai. It has a double circle SHANGHAI’ 1/ JU 1/ 01/LOCAL POST with an adjacent small single circle ‘34'. There is a manuscript Chinese script along the left border (Figure 1).


Continued ...


ROSENTHAL, ARONSON & Co., WHOLESALE & MANUFACTURING JEWELLERS & GENERAL MERCHANTS

This Victorian Post Card with the brown One Penny ‘Stamp Duty’ stamp has a duplex MELBOURNE/ T/ MR 14/ 92 postmark and the six barred VICTORIA obliterator. It is addressed to the company of Mess Fraser Bro & Devonshire in Yarram, Victoria (Figure 1).


Continued ...


ROYAL SOCIETY of TASMANIA POSTCARD to CARNEGIE INSTITUTE, D.C.

The postcard has a red 2d KGV Head stamp canceled by a roller cancel ‘SEND/ A/ TELEGRAM and a circular postmark HOBART/ 1PM/ 19 AP/ 1933. It is addressed to The Carnegie Inst. Of Washington, Washington (D.C.), U.S.A. (Figure 1).


Continued ...


ROYAL VISIT to AUSTRALIA, & H.M.S. RENOWN 1927 (2FC BROADCAST)

This postcard has been difficult to research for the "records of radio operations in the 1920s are very poorly documented." It was posted in March 1927 from Sydney to a Narara, N.S.W. address with the 1d green KGV head and the top centre shows a radio microphone, with the letters '2FC' denoting the radio station It clearly shows the purpose of the card: '2 F.C. Sydney has pleasure in sending you a souvenir photograph of the Royal Visit and appreciates your very kind letter commenting on this historic transmission'(Figure 1).


Continued ...


S. KING, P.H. ENGEL, H.S.A. McCULLAGH Ltd, LATE LANGE & THONEMAN

This advertising cover is not only intriguing, but it has also been unusually difficult to research, with the information coming in ‘dribs and drabs’ over the past 2 years. The behatted and bearded man catches one’s attention, while he contentedly smokes his pipe. His hat is adorned with ‘CORRECT THING’, and the rest of the inscription apparently reads ‘At Last, Petersburg Va. U.S.A’ (probably referring to the place of origin of the tobacco). Below the hat ‘American Dark Tobacco’ is inscribed. Above the hat we are told to ‘Smoke: "CORRECT THING" which I presume is his favourite pipe tobacco. At top left there is the usual ‘If not claimed within seven days please return to King, Engel & McCullagh Ltd, Late Lange & Thoneman, Melbourne’. It is addressed to Herrn Siegfried Wiesenthal, 7 Arlenstrasse, Berlin C, Germany, and he has not been identified. The blue 2½ ‘Allegorical Figure of Australia’ stamp is cancelled with a duplex SYDNEY/ NO 12/ 1-PM/ 94/ 32 with the stamp obliterated by the 3-ring oval N.S.W. (Figures 1&2).


Continued ...


SACRED HEART MISSION, THURSDAY ISLAND: FATHER FERDINAND HARTZER

The Queensland Postcard, Australia has a printed blue ‘POSTAGE/ TWO PENCE’ stamp of Queensland which is postmarked with an unframed postmark of THURSDAY ISLAND/ ( )/ 91/ QUEENSLAND. It is addressed to Dr. Sicard, Alby (sic) France, Europe and there is a black double ringed reception postmark of ‘ALBI’ as well as a double ringed red, presumed transit postmark (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SCOUT JAMBOREE, FRANKSTON VICTORIA, 1934-35

This illustrated cover specifically prepared for the Jamboree was postmarked with a faint AUST. JAMBOREE FRANKSTON/ 2.30 P 3 JA 35/ VIC. and it was addressed to Tom Fielding, Penguin, Tasmania. The front had a small printed AUSTRALIAN JAMBOREE FRANKSTON/ VICTORIA 1935, with a kangaroo and a boomerang in the centre, as well as a scout badge. It had a total postage of 1½d made up of the green 1d and orange ½d KGV head stamps (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR ARTHUR ALFRED CLEMENT COCKS (ARTHUR COCKS & Co.) to CHEMIST

This unpretentious commercial postcard introduces a man of some substance, in more ways than one. His life takes him from Wild Duck Creek, near Heathcote, Victoria to London and finally to Mosman, N.S.W. The Private Post Card , Issued by the Postmaster-General of New South Wales was sent from Arthur Cocks & Co., Wholesale Opticians, 3 Wynyard Street, Sydney to Mr. Collins, Chemist, Gunning (N.S.W.). The red 1d ‘Shield of N.S.W.’ stamp (which has a private perfin ‘A C’) was postmarked with a duplex SYDNEY/ OC 13/ 8 30-PM/ 98/ 41. The reverse was of no interest and had no postmark (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SOUTH AUSTRALIA ODDFELLOWS' POSTCARD

This fine mint South Australian Postcard with the lilac one penny Queen Victoria stamp front is a common postcard of limited appeal.


Continued ...


SYDNEY BOYS & SYDNEY GIRLS HIGH SCHOOLS

Following Sir Henry Parkes’ Education Act of 1880, the Government of the Colony of New South Wales decided to establish, under the control and administration of the Department of Public Instruction, a system of Public High Schools. The first of these were the two Sydney High Schools. On October 1, 1883, the Boys School enrolled 46 students at the Francis Greenway designed building constructed by convicts in Castlereagh Street, Sydney. This site was that of the present Elizabeth Street store of David Jones Ltd. (which runs through to Castlereagh St.).

I have yet to find a postcard of the early Boys High School, so the present postcard of the sister Sydney Girls High School will act as a surrogate, for both the schools were initially jointly sited, and in their final position at Moore Park, they were separated only by a low fence. This sepia photograph postcard was unknown by the Alumnae of the Sydney Girls High School until I sent a scan to them. The illustration on the postcard shows a large irregular-shaped room with some hundred young girls seated closely on benches (of ages from early teens ranging through mid and late teens) with at least 6 adults, one of whom was male, and presumably they were teachers. Five of the teachers were standing along the walls, and a formidable woman was seated prominently on the aisle at right front, undoubtedly the head mistress. The wall was draped with a clock and photos, and at far left there was a free-standing world globe, partially obscured. The postcard was described as ‘142. Class Room – High School– Elizabeth St. Sydney’. (Figure 1).


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SYDNEY N.S.W. to Mrs. EDWARD CAMERON, GRAND TURKS ISLAND

Two New South Wales postcards and one NSW Letter Card, with all 3 addressed to either Mrs. E. or Mrs. Edward Cameron, with slight variations of the address have recently appeared on the internet (December 2004). The composite address was as follows: Mrs. Edward Cameron, Government House, Grand Turk (Island), Turk's Islands, West Indies. The earliest is a REPLY POST CARD and has the printed blue 1½d stamp postmarked SYDNEY/ DE 26/ 93/ 34, N.S.W duplex, as well as a receiving postmark of TURKS ISLANDS/ FE 27/ 94 (Figure 1).


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SYDNEY POSTCARD to I.M. MOSES c/o MESSRS DAVID SASSOON & Co., BOMBAY

One never knows initially where a postal item will lead and this one produces a trail of religion, trade, wealth and opium. The 1½d N.S.W. postcard is postmarked with the duplex SYDNEY/ SP 26/ 4 PM/ 92 with the N.S.W obliterator and there is a reception postmark of BOMBAY/ F/ OC 17/ (92). It is addressed to I. M. Moses Esq., Care of Messrs David Sassoon & Co., Bombay (Figure 1).


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T.S.S. KANOWNA SHIPWRECK OFF WILSON’S PROMONTORY, VICTORIA 1929

The ‘Advance Australia’ postcard was postmarked with a squared circle PORT ADELAIDE/ 3/ DE 20/ 06/ S.A. on the pink ‘ONE PENNY’ stamp of South Australia, and the message read "Dec 20 1906 Arrived here this morning. I will be in Melb on Saturday & back in old F.C. (Fish Creek) about the end of the month, hoping all are well, Yours ( ). The addressed woman lived at Fish Creek, Sth Gippsland, Victoria (Figure 1).


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TAXED CARTOON POSTCARD from INVERELL, N.S.W. to PEKING, CHINA

I am always intrigued how inadequately addressed mail is sent out into the world, and this postcard really takes the prize. It is an English postcard, identified in green print vertically placed on the left hand side as being produced by the Cyn( )cas Publishing Co., Ltd , Tayport, Fifeshire. The postcard is simply addressed to Miss Isabel Pi( )y, Pekin (sic) China!


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THE AUSTRALIAN WIDOWS' FUND: BOOM & BUST

This unassuming NSW 1d pink Queen Victoria mint Post Card reveals a story of Melbourne's past (late 1800's). The front has not been illustrated, but the reverse shows it is from The Australian Widows' Fund, Life Assurance Society Limited, with Offices in Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide, Brisbane & Launceston.


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THE HOMEOPATHIC HOSPITAL MELBOURNE, AN EARLY HISTORY

This postcard was issued in 1876 and featured the 1875 1d adhesive “Bell” design in pale mauve on a yellow card, which has a distinctive surround border.   The stamp is postmarked with the duplex MELBOURNE/ 5X/ JA 15/ 77 with a VICTORIA obliterator.  The card is addressed to T.J. Crouch Esq., Elizabeth St., City  (Figure 1).


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THE WHOLE DAM FAMILY: A CARD SENT to a 2nd YEAR ARTS STUDENT

My intent with this humourous card was to find out something about this Sydney University second year Arts student who was sent the card postmarked SYDNEY/ 8 JY 05 - 2PM/ 35 on the red ‘Arms’ 1d N.S.W. stamp. To date this has not been achieved, for after 6 months I am unlikely to obtain an answer from the Registrar’s Office at the University of Sydney (Figure 1).


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THOMAS BAKER & JOHN ROUSE COMPANY, FORE-RUNNER of KODAK, AUSTRALASIA

Two N.S.W. letter cards to the Baker & Rouse company in Sydney in the late 1890's not only led to information about photography in Australia, but also about philanthropy which led to the formation of one of the premier Victorian medical research and treatment centres.


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THOMAS BRUNTON, BAKER, POLITICIAN, FLOUR MILLER & FARMER

The postcard had a 1d orange-brown ‘Reading Stamp Duty’ stamp cancelled with an ‘UP TRAIN/ MG 1/AU 23/ 90/ VICTORIA postmark and had a printed JAS. GRIGG, Esq.,456 Collins Street, Melbourne (Figure 1).


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THOMAS FINNEY of FINNEY, ISLES & CO., MERCHANTS & Q’LAND POLITICIAN

The illustrated Queensland postcard (Hambledon Sugar Mill, Cairns) with the printed brown 1d stamp was canceled with an unframed CAIRNS/ 8A/ NO 17/ 03/ QUEENSLAND postmark with a barred numeral ‘499' obliterator and it is addressed to Mrs. Cran, Nelson [Queensland] Figure 1.


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THOMAS PROUDFOOT’S BOATHOUSE on HOPKINS RIVER, WARRNAMBOOL

The postcard displays a colourful scene on the Hopkins River with the beflagged boathouse, the boats at moorings, with much people activity in the foreground (Figure 1).


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THOMAS STEPHENS, EDUCATIONIST, MEMBER ROYAL SOCIETY, TASMANIA

An unpretentious one penny Tasmanian postcard reveals an interesting story about the addressee, Thos Stephens M.A., Inspector of Schools, Davey Street (Hobart). It was postmarked with a HOBART/ 1 D/ NO 4/ 82 duplex (Figure 1).


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TINY TOWN & ZEYNARD’S AMAZING MIDGET CIRCUS

The present postcard cannot be called postal history as my card has not been through the post. It shows a group of longitudinally challenged individuals in fine formal ware, five ladies and six gentlemen. The group are described as Zeynard’s Amazing Midget Circus. Tiny-Town. The Big Show and the reverse simply has Post Card, without any identification as to the maker or country. (Figure 1).


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UNCLE SAM in AUSTRALIA [CORRECT MAP of AUSTRALIA]

A 'humorous' postcard has been seen recently at two different sites, but whereas the card may be comical in the U.S.A., Australia's attitude is most certainly different, particularly at present.


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VINCENT PATRICK TAYLOR a.k.a. CAPTAIN TAYLOR PENFOLD

A postcard was sent on July 2nd 1910 from Sydney to the Minister of Defence and the contents were as follows: "Dear Sir, Kindly advise me if final time has closed, for entering a machine for the Commonwealth Aerial Prize. To oblige, truly yours, Captain Penfold, The Australian Aeronaut, Box 1564, G.P.O." There is a blue double ringed DEFENCE ( )/PM-1 16 OC 10 mark applied top centre - the delay in reception cannot be explained (Figure 1).


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W.H. SCHMALZ, MAYOR, BERLIN ONTARIO, PHILATELIST, BUSINESS MAN

The postcard was addressed to W.H. Schmalz Esqre, Secretary, Economical Insurance Co., Berlin, Ontario, Canada and it had a blue 2½d ‘Swan’ stamp of Western Australia with 2 cancellations, a duplex PERTH/ 1/ AP 10/ 01/ W-A with a barred obliterator GPO/ D, as well as a SHIP MAIL ROOM/ 1/ AP 10/ 01/ PERTH. WA (Figure 1).


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WANDA RADFORD, ACTRESS: WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS CHILD PRODIGY?

This hand-painted postcard shows a young girl, Wanda Radford in a theatrical pose. The card is of German origin, marked ‘Gerlach’ and ‘GG/ CO/ Ser. 277/3 (Figure 1).


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WARD 15 COAST HOSPITAL, LITTLE BAY N.S.W.

A century old postcard with 3 be-ribboned aristocrats (kittens) on the front brought back memories of my 4 year's working at the Coast Hospital, as a physician in charge of half a ward's patients, when it was known as the Prince Henry Hospital. The 1d red N.S.W. 'Shield' stamp had a fine Type D3(ii) barred numeral '208', Waverley/ NO 10/ 10 40 AM/ 06/ N.S.W duplex postmark, plus a reception postmark of BOTANY/NO 10/ 1906/ N.S.W (same day postal service for 2 Sydney eastern suburbs) (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM CAMERON BROS. & CO. LIMITED to E.F. WEDLICH, TOBACCONIST

The Post Card is addressed to Mr. E.F. Wedlich, Tobacconist, Ballarat and it has the printed brown ‘Reading One Penny’ stamp of Victoria which is cancelled with MELBOURNE/ 23 A/ MR 12/ 98 postmark (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM FEHON, RAILWAY COMMISSIONER & MARY GAUNT AUTHOR

This One Penny ‘Reading’ post card of 1890-99 (the late version that could also be addressed to New Zealand and Fiji) was postmarked with the double circle MELBOURNE/ AM/ 11/ 30 6 00/ VICTORIA and it was addressed to Wm Fehon Esq, Commission Railways, Sydney (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM JOHNSTONE, LAUNCESTON WINES & SPIRITS MERCHANT

Two items appeared at auction sites recently and both referred to the same family. The first was addressed to Mr. Wm. Johnstone, Merchant, Launceston and was postmarked in red with an oval PAID SHIP LETTER/ [crown]/ AU * 20/ 1845/ SYDNEY, with rosettes on both sides. The only other markings were in manuscript, a large black '4' (for paid postage) and a large red '3' (for payment of the captain of the ship) (Figure 1).


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WM. BICKFORD, CHEMIST, WIFE ANN MARGARET & SONS, WILLIAM & HENRY

Two South Australian Post Cards of the same issue design were available, and the top one was addressed to Messrs A.M. Bickford & Sons, Currie St., Adelaide. The date of the posting was not clear, but it was postmarked at BORDER TOWN/ S.A. (Fig. 1).


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WOMEN’S WORK EXHIBITION, MELBOURNE 1907

The 'Empire' Post Card has the pink 1d 'POSTAGE' stamp of Victoria which is cancelled with the duplex EXHIBITION/ OC 28/ 07/ MELBOURNE postmark with the barred numeral '1197'.  It is addressed to Launceston, Tasmania and the message starts off "I am writing this from the Exhibition...... (Figure 1).


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YALOGINDA GOLD to SMITH & WESSON, SPRINGFIELD, MASS. [USA]

This 1d imprinted Western Australian postcard has a halfpenny green W.A. stamp (ASC #18) attached, for the 2-line postcard's directions clearly state that the 1 penny rate applies for the United Kingdom, the Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand and Fiji. The card is printed on buff stock and when used for any other place an additional halfpenny stamp is required. The postcard is addressed to Messrs. Smith & Wesson, 33 Stockbridge St. Springfield, Mass.USA and it is indistinctly postmarked Yaloginda/ 26 FE 1908/ WESTERN AUSTRALIA (Figure 1).


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ZERCHO'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, MELBOURNE

The front of the illustrated postcard shows a colourful rendition of Princes Bridge, Melbourne and the well-kept surrounding gardens along the river's edge. Rising into the sky is a white streamer inscribed with Zercho's Business College. In keeping with the business theme there is a short inscription in Pitman's shorthand, at the lower right hand of the card, which translates as "Where I am being educated for business".


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CUSTOMS HOUSE, CIRCULAR QUAY, SYDNEY HISTORIC BUILDING POSTCARD

The postcard was sent, dated in manuscript, on 19.4.(19)13 to a Robert Bruce, Washington D.C, U.S.A. and was received on May 20, and answered June 1. The contents of the message had nothing to do with the illustrated side, and the printed banner had an Australian shield with an emu on the left and a kangaroo on the right. The green ‘HALFPENNY’ and the red ‘ONE PENNY’ ‘Roo on Map of Australia’ stamps were postmarked by a roller cancel, in which neither the place nor the date of mailing were seen (Figure 1).


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