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POLITICAL

A. H. FREELING, SOUTH AUSTRALIAN SURVEYOR-GENERAL (1820-85) [CANADA]

A long cover with a manuscript "On Public Service" addressed "To Captain Freeling R.E., Surveyor General, Adelaide" has a fine black strike of an oval "POST OFFICE/ MT BARKER" with a manuscript March 1850 in its centre, plus a red "Crown over 'FREE' in a circle/1850" plus a black unframed arrival cds "G.P.O./ Crown/ MA (fleuron) 1/ 50/ SOUTH AUSTRALIA" postmark (Figure 1).


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ADYE & O.G. DOUGLAS, DOUGLAS & COLLINS FIRM of LAUNCESTON

For the past 1½ years this cover has been lying fallow, for research was unproductive, then the floodgates opened over a period of 1 hour. The cover was addressed to O.G. Douglas Esqre, Messrs Douglas & Collins, Patterson Street, Launceston, Tasmania. There was a pair of the pink 1d ‘Postage’ Victoria stamps postmarked with the double ring MELBOURNE/ AM/ 4.30/ 28.7.O7 (Figure 1).


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ALEXANDER MAIR, FARMER, BUSINESSMAN, PREMIER of NEW SOUTH WALES

The advertising cover of Alexander Mair & Co., Victoria & Leicester St. Melbourne, Agents for William Dockers Ltd., English Varnish and Ever Shining Sun Brand was addressed to the Boston Woven Hose and Keebler Co., San Francisco, Cal. The blue 2½d ‘POSTAGE’ stamp of Victoria was cancelled MELBOURNE/ 4 6 04/ -14-. On the reverse was an indistinct reception postmark of San Francisco (Figure 1).


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ALEXANDER W. SANDFORD, MERCHANT & S. A. LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

The printed-to-private-order window envelope had an advertisement for A.W. Sandford & Co., Limited, Merchants, Dairy and Refrigeration Engineers, Grenfell Street, Adelaide, and the red embossed 2½d KGVI head stamp was postmarked with a roller slogan ‘PREVENT/ BUSH FIRES’ and a circular ADELAIDE/ 10-PM/ 21 DEC/ 1948/ SOUTH AUST. cancel (Figure 1).


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AN INVITATION from BERT HAWKE to MISS CLANCY to MEET BILL SLIM

I recognize that this mundane cover is just an excuse for me to meet two men whose backgrounds were not dissimilar, whose careers were considerably divergent, yet both had a significant impact on Australia, during the same decade. I have no clue as to whom Miss Slim was, but I am sure that she was honoured by the invitation. In fact this cover was one of two separate invitations that she received for 2 Government of Western Australia receptions, and I am concerned that this cover and this invitation are a mismatch by 3 years, for the correct cover has been misplaced. Both covers were written in the same hand from the same source, and the correct cover was dated 1953. Miss M. Clancy lived in Subiaco Road, Subiaco, W.A. (Figure 1).


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ARTHUR BRUCE SMITH, BUSINESSMAN, BARRISTER & POLITICIAN

Two fronts only became available, both ON PUBLIC SERVICE ONLY for members of Parliament only. The first had a printed red 1d ‘Shield stamp’ of New South Wales canceled with the duplex PARLIAMENT HOUSE/ AU 29/ 1900/ SYDNEY with the numeral obliterator ‘1741'. It was addressed to Bruce Smith Esq, Chambers, 149 Philip St. (Figure 1).


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AUGUSTUS MORRIS, BUSINESSMAN, EXPLORER, PASTORALIST & POLITICIAN

The cover is addressed to Augustus Morris Esqr, Wilton, Manly (New South Wales) and it has a single purple ‘ONE PENNY View of Sydney’ stamp which is cancelled with a duplex SYDNEY JU 25/ 11-AM/ 95/ 36 with the 3-rig oval ‘N.S.W.’ obliterating the stamp. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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AUSTRALIAN NATIVES’ ASSOCIATION (A.N.A.): A MISNOMER

Two covers of the Victorian branches of the A.N.A. recently appeared on a stamp auction site. The first had a 1d green KGV Head postmarked with a Victorian RELIEF/ NO 2 postmark and it emanated from the Port Melbourne, Branch No. 28 and was posted to St. Kilda, the date being illegible (Figure 1).


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BEER & BACCY -- VICTORIAN ADVERTISING POSTCARD SENT to BOSTON 1895

This 1d blue ‘Reading Stamp Duty’ postcard was the first and only Victorian postcard with advertisements, and it could be sent to all Australian Colonies, New Zealand and Fiji without additional postage.  It had a very short life for their was a furious response from conservative elements in the community, its day of issue being 1 November 1895 and it was withdrawn on 19 November 1895.  During the three weeks of use 84,960 cards were sold, many of them as a result of the bad publicity.  Mint cards are common, but postally used cards in this period are desirable.  After their withdrawal, the Post Office sold cancelled-to-order cards for 2d!  The Postmaster-General, J. Gavan Duffy had sold the rights to private advertisements to Cameron Bros., and this was an unfortunate choice of 2 popular brands.


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BERNARD PATRICK O’DOWD, PUBLIC SERVANT, PROMINENT POET, EDITOR & ANARCHIST

This bland cover is addressed to an exciting man, Mr. B. O’Dowd, Supreme Court Library, Melbourne and the pink "ONE PENNY’ stamp of Victoria is cancelled MG 11/ AP 14/ 04/ VICTORIA (Figure 1).


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BERNHARD RINGROSE WISE, ATTORNEY GENERAL N.S.W.

A cover was addressed to the Hon. B.R. Wise, Attorney General, Macquarie St., Sydney with a manuscript Confidential notation and the mauve 2d Victoria "Postage" stamp (ASC # 86) postmarked MELBOURNE/ PM/ 4 30/ 19 6 03/ 20 (Figure 1).


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BOER WAR COVER to SCHOOLBOY, S.M. BRUCE, FUTURE PRIME MINISTER [S. AFRICA]

This cover was at an auction site and was particularly well documented as a Boer War cover with no letter included, from an Australian soldier, with manuscript "On active service" to an Australian schoolboy. It was sent by H. Gordon No. 239, B Squadron, Victorian Infantry Regiment and was properly countersigned by his Commanding Officer Captain Fredk G. Purcell of the V.I.R. The vendor states that there is another manuscript "no stamp available" and this was not seen. The stampless cover has a fine squared circle of MAFEKING/ SP 14/ 00/ C.G.H. (Cape of Good Hope). There is a large oval ‘T 1D’ tax marking as well as a bicolor 1d Victorian postage due stamp with a ‘killer’ barred numeral ‘1'. The cover is addressed to S.M, Bruce Esqre, C.E.G. School, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The cover has a blue crayon re-direct of S. Yarra, and there was no mention of the recipient by the vendor (Figure 1).


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CHARLES HENRY GRANT M.L.C. (TASMANIA) to A.W. PEARSE

The above paper appeared on an Australian auction site and the reverse had a blue Legislative Council crest of Tasmania on the flap. The vendor had identified the sender’s manuscript as C.H. Grant, at top left on the front. The Hobart duplex read: HOBART/ A/ OC 8/ 97/ P-R, and there was also a red TASMANIA/ OFFICIAL/ PAID mark. The cover was addressed to A.W. Pearse Esq, 6 Spring Street, Sydney (Figure 1).


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CHARLES BONNEY, S.A. COMMISSIONER of CROWN LANDS & POLITICIAN

The ‘On Service’ cover had a manuscript ‘Free’ and a large oval originating hand-stamp POST [Crown] OFFICE/ PORT LINCOLN/ 8 (–)/ 28 MY/ 1847 and a reception postmark of G.P.O/ [Crown]/ JU 3/ 1847/ SOUTH AUSTRALIA and it was addressed to Chas Bonney, Esqre Commissioner of Crown Lands, Adelaide ( Figure 1).


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CHARLES HARPER, W. A. AGRICULTURIST, LEGISLATOR & NEWSPAPER MAN

The One Penny Western Australian postcard has no visible postmark and it was sent to C. Harper Esq. M.L.A., Guildford (W.A.) (Figure 1).


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CHARLES MEREDITH (1811-1880) & LOUISA ANN MEREDITH (1812-1895)

This cover was found in Freeman & White’s The Numeral Cancellations of Victoria (2001) where it served as an example of a Victorian Barred Numeral. It shows the 2d and 4d Laureates of Victoria cancelled by a duplex of TALBOT/ JN 25/ 72/ VICTORIA with the B.N. 244. The letter is addressed to The Honble Charles Meredith, Malunnah, Orford, Tasmania and there is a manuscript ‘27' in crayon (Figure 1).


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COLONIA NUEVA AUSTRALIA and COLONIA COSME in PARAGUAY

Two items of considerable interest were found on Australian stamp auction sites. The first was a rare cover with faint markings dated 5-SET 1930/ PARAGUAY of the first internal flight from Ascunsion to Colonia Nueva (New) Australia (as an arrival cds) franked with 2 Republic of Paraguay stamps (Scott 288, 291), total postage of P2.50 (Peso), and the stamps were postmarked in a diamond with 'ENSAYO/ SEVICIO/ AEREO/ INTERNO'. It was addressed to Norman Stocky/ JEFE CORREOS/ COLONIA NUEVA AUSTRALIA (Figure 1).


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CORDELL HULL, U.S. SENATOR, SECRETARY of STATE, NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

This long cover was sent from the American Consular Service, Melbourne Australia with ‘Accounts & Returns’ to The Honorable, The Secretary of State, Washington, D.C., United States of America..  It had a copy of the Blue 3d KGV head stamp canceled MELBOURNE/ 18/ 6-P 13 JY33/ VIC (Figure 1).


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DALTON BROTHERS, HUMBLE BEGINNINGS, from & to DUNTRYLEAGUE

Two relatively unpretentious covers dated 27 years apart reveal, on their reverse, how the fortunes of the Dalton Brothers changed from humble beginnings in Ireland to riches in New South Wales. The first cover, a printed to private order envelope with the embossed blue 1d ‘Emu’ stamp of N.S.W. was postmarked with the duplex SYDNEY/ FE 11/ 11-A M/ 95/ 36 and was addressed to a firm in Melbourne (Figure 1).


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DAME MARY GILMORE, WRITER, POET, PACIFIST, SOCIALIST & UTOPIAN

A most unusual illustrated Aboriginal art cover had a strip of six orange ½d Kangaroo stamps postmarked by an indistinct roller cancel from Sydney in 1951, and below the stamps was printed ‘HOP - HOP -HOPPING ALONG’. It was addressed to Dame Mary Gilmore, No 9 Clearmont Flats, 99 Darlinghurst Road, Kings Cross, with a large lizard drawn below (Figure 1).


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DANIEL CONGDON’S POSTCARD to A. M. JOSEPHSON: REQUEST for HIS V0TE

The postcard had a brown One Half-Penny Swan stamp of Western Australia postmarked FREMANTLE/ 1/ JY 14/ 94/ W.A, and it was addressed to Mr. A,M. Josephson, Fremantle (Figure 1).


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EDMUND JOWETT, PASTORALIST, BUSINESSMAN, POLITICIAN, WRITER, WIT

The pre-stamped cover has a red ‘ONE PENNY’ KGV Head stamp plus an additional red 1d KGV Head stamp cancelled WEDDDERBURN/ MR 30/ 18/ VICTORIA and it was addressed to E. Jowett Esq M.H.R., for Grampians, Federal Parliament House, Melbourne (Figure 1).


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EDWARD KEANE, RAILWAYS & HERITAGE BUILDINGS,
MAYOR & POLITICIAN

This One Halfpenny Western Australia Post Card is addressed to a tailor at Perth and the printed stamp is cancelled by a duplex PERTH/ 7/ NO 14/ 1891/ WESTERN AUSTRALIA with a G.P.O obliterator (Figure 1).


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EDWARD THEODORE, UNION LEADER, PREMIER QLD, FEDERAL TREASURER

The red KGV Head stamp is cancelled with a near ‘socked on the nose’ THEODORE/ 12 MY/ 32/ QUEENSLAND, named after one of Australian’s most contentious politicians. There is no other Australian town with the name of Theodore (Figure 1).


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EDWIN CRADOCK NOWELL: AN EXTRAORDINARY TASMANIAN CLERK

A series of 7 covers addressed to Edwin Nowell in Hobart from January 1850 to February 1860, from South Australia, New South Wales and Tasmania appeared in a Tasmanian stamp auction in April 2005. The covers were well described and many were of more than passing notice, but no details were given concerning the addressee, who was an early Tasmanian of considerable importance. The covers are presented here in chronological order, with descriptions largely following those provided by the vendor. All were addressed to Nowell, except for the first which was sent to his wife.


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EMANUEL SOLOMON (1800-1873) CONVICT, MERCHANT & POLITICIAN

The cover is addressed to Messrs E. Solomon & Co., Adelaide and has the pale red 2d South Australian stamp (S.G. 24a) cancelled with the diamond numeral ‘106' of Woodchester, and there is a manuscript ‘Private’ at the lower left (Figure 1).


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F.A. PACKER, HOUSE of ASSEMBLY, HOBART (1839-1902)

This illustrated humorous cover was addressed to F.A. PACKER ESQ, House of Assembly, and was stamped with the 1d sideface which was postmarked with a duplex HOBART/ SE 24/ (18)82. The illustration is quite complex and the key figure is a large plump screaming baby, associated with a basin of boiling water, a candle stick, a book of sketches with one sketch lying on the ground, and the fleeing legs of a man. The address is highly stylized with multiple thin streamers and there may be a pipe at extreme left and possibly a long cigarette holder at the fleeing man's feet. The artist is not identified and the meaning of sketch is open for discussion. The vendor gives his interpretation as "an amusing satirical illustration of a famous Packer 'dummy-spit'", a term unbeknownst to me. I am assured it is an Australian colloquial term, interpreted by the Macquarie Dictionary as to throw a tantrum, deriving from the image of a baby spitting out its dummy when it is feeling cantankerous (Figure 1).


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FDR & HIS PANAMA HAT, MADE in ECUADOR

A very ordinary cover can be a source of an unusual story about a famous man who wore a special hat at an important WWII conference. The cover bearing a green 1d KGV head stamp cancelled by a partial VISIT/ SUNNY/ AUSTRALIA and a boxed SYDNEY/ N.S.W./ 6 PM/14 NOV/ 1935/ POSTED/ OVERSEAS BOX is addressed to Mr. C.A, Arcentales, P.O. Box T., GUAYAQUIL, ECUADOR, S.A. (Figure 1).


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FELTON, GRIMWADE & CO., WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS, MELBOURNE, W.A. & N.Z.

The plain stampless postcard was sent on 10 July 10, 1901 and the postmark was obliterated by a black printed DEPARTMENT OF TRADE & CUSTOMS/ VICTORIA/ FRANK STAMP. It is addressed to Messrs.Felton Grimwade & Co., Importers, City [Melbourne] (Figure 1).


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FRANK JOSEPH SCOTT WISE, WESTERN AUSTRALIA’s LABOUR PREMIER

The first cover has the careful placement of the three war tax surcharge overprint stamps, the red 2½d on 2d, the blue 3½d on 3d KGVI and the purple 5½d on 5d merino sheep, all issued on 10 December 1941, but this is not a first day cover. The three stamps are ‘socked on the nose’ WYNDHAM/ -4 MAY 42/ WEST AUSTRALIA. The 2½d stamp is a perfin, probably W.A. but this is not definite. The cover has a blue BY AIR MAIL/PAR AVION label and a blue registration label WYNDAM/ WEST AUSTRALIA/ NO 651 plus the usual registration red crayon cross hatching. The cover is addressed to Mrs. F.J.S. Wise, 1 Rosser Street, Cottesloe (W.A.) (Figure 1 & 1A).


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FREDERICK THOMAS WIMBLE, PRINTER, NEWSPAPER OWNER & POLITICIAN

The cover intrigued me because of what must be an early rendition of an extraterrestrial life-form which appears on a cover, produced by F.T. Wimble & Co., Printer’s Furnishers, &c, 87 Clarence St. Sydney, (their only address at the time). The extraterrestrial figure is accompanied by an admonition “Keep Your Eye On Your Pocket and Save Money by Purchasing Goods from F.T. Wimple & Co., Sydney” which is “Printed in Our Super Electric Blue Ink.” It is addressed to Express Printing Supplies, Blenheim N.Z. and has the 1d red N.S.W. ‘Shield” stamp postmarked with a SYDNEY/ AU 8/ 4- P.M/ 98/ 41 duplex cancel (Figure 1).


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FREDERICK VON STIEGLITZ, PASTORALIST & POLITICIAN, TASMANIA

This stampless ‘complete’ is addressed to Frederick L. Steiglitz Esquire, Fingal (Van Diemens Land) and the cancellation has no name of the town, but is dated 28 MY 28/ 1847. The letter was rated ‘4' (Figure 1).


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FRIEDRICH KRICHAUFF, 1ST S. A. PARLIAMENTARIAN of GERMAN ORIGIN

The front of the South Australian one penny purple postcard is postmarked with a duplex cancel of G.P.O. ADELAIDE/ MY 14 / 91/ S.A, and is addressed to the Hon F.E.H.W. Krichauff M.L.C., Flinders Street (Adelaide) (Figure 1).


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GEORGE ARTHUR CHARLES FANE De SALIS (1851 - 1931)

Over the past five years I have seen at least 5 covers addressed to one of the De Salis family members, but I have not felt that I could do justice to the Australian family members until now. This was not because of insufficient information, of which there is an abundance, but because much of it is difficult to access by way of the internet. However with 2 covers addressed to George or his wife, I felt that I should make an attempt to chronicle some aspects of their lives.


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GEORGE ROBERT NICHOLS, LAWYER & POLITICIAN (1809 - 1857)

Three stampless N.S.W. covers appeared at the same auction site dated 1833-1835 addressed to George Nichols. The first was sent from INVERMEIN/ NSW/ POST OFFICE (the rare double-circle undated handstruck postmark used from 1833-39, when P.O. was removed to Scone) with a reception [Crown]/ GENERAL POST OFFICE/ 23 AP 23/ 1833/ SYDNEY, rated ‘10d’ and it was addressed to G.R. Nichols Esq, George Street, Sydney (Figure 1).


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GEORGE RANDELL, W.A. COLONIAL SECRETARY, sent to U.S. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION

This long On Her Majesty’s Service cover has a purple COLONIAL SECRETARY’S OFFICE, WESTERN AUSTRALIA frank stamp and a duplex SHIP MAIL ROOM/ 2/ FE 2/ 99/ PERTH W.A. with the GPO obliterator, as well as a double oval COLONIAL SECRETARY’S OFFICE/ (---) FEB 99/ PERTH W.A. marking at the lower L. side, plus a circular PAID/ OFFICIALLY/ WEST AUSTRALIA. It was addressed to The Acting Secretary, Civil Service Commission of the United States, Washington U.S.A. (Figure 1).


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GOVERNOR LACHLAN MACQUARIE (1762-1824) & EARL HENRY BATHURST

This long cover has a manuscript ‘No 14 of 1820' at upper left, ‘On H.M.Service’ at upper right and it was addressed to The Right Honble Earl Bathurst K.G., Downing St., London, plus a further manuscript at lower left, Govr Macquarie (Figures 1 and 1A).


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GRAHAM BERRY, POSTMASTER GENERAL, PREMIER & AGENT-GENERAL, VIC

The cover had a ms.’Regd No 122 and the strip of three mauve QV stamps of Victoria were postmarked with RUTHERGLEN/ MR 3/ 84/ VICTORIA and the stamps had the barred numeral obliterator of ‘318'. The cover was addressed to Mr. Graham Berry, Postmaster General. In addition there was a boxed ‘REGISTERED’(Figure 1).


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HANS W.H. IRVINE, GREAT WESTERN VINEYARDS & VICTORIAN POLITICIAN

The long cover has a corner advert ‘BY ROYAL WARRANT’ over the Royal Crest, with IRVINE’S/ AUSTRALIAN/ WINES and BRANDY/ HANS W.H. IRVINE/ GREAT WESTERN/ VICTORIA,/ AUSTRALIA. It is addressed to E. Ormerod, Esq., Finsbury Distillery, Moreland Street, Finsbury, London E.C. , England. The grey-blue 2d ‘Kangaroo on Map of Australia’ stamp is postmarked T.O. GREAT WESTERN/ -3 JL 13/ VIC, a Telegraph Office cancellation. The reverse has no postmarks, only red sealing wax (Figure 1).


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HENRY DANGAR, SURVEYOR, PASTORALIST & POLITICIAN (1796-1861)

This 1852 cover was franked with the 1d imperforate N.S.W. ‘Laureate” (S.G. 46) and postmarked with the Sydney barred cancel, was addressed to Henry Dangar Esq, Cumberland Place (Sydney). It shows the boxed 2 OCLOCK time stamp which replaced the 1 OCLOCK time stamp in April 1850 and was in use until April 1855. The reverse, not shown had the Sydney obliterator postmark (Figure 1).


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HENRY GEORGE, LAND REFORMER & ECONOMIST [U.S.A.]

This political ‘advertising’ cover was mailed from Sydney in 1930 to the Proportional Representation League, 131 South Juniper Street, Philadelphia, U.S.A., and it has a pair of the red 1½d KGV head stamps paying the postage. It has interesting information on it as to the sender: “The Henry George League of N.S.W.” with a “Policy - Abolition of Taxes and appropriation of Land Values or Ground Rent as Public Revenue”, with a Sydney address at 114 Hunter Street. The cover also had a depiction of the Statue of Liberty, encircled with “True Liberty Means/ Equal Liberty” (Figure 1).


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HENRY CONDELL (1797 -1871): FIRST MAYOR of MELBOURNE

This cover was offered by a major Australian auction house with an estimate of AUD 400 and it sold for AUD 300. It had been owned by a gold medal exhibitor and judge, and his description of the 'outer', used in the catalogue, left much to be desired. It stated:


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HON. WILLIAM SHIELS, STRUAN HOUSE, STRUAN S.A.

This unremarkable cover was a surprise to me, in that the prefix 'Hon.' before Shiels' name suggested that he may have been a member of the South Australian Parliament, in view of the postmark, Naracoorte and the address of Struan House, in South Australia.. Attempts to confirm his membership of the S.A. Parliament were unrewarding, but I found that he had been a significant member of the Victorian Parliament, for many years. The cover was simply addressed to Hon.Wm Shiels, Struan House and the 2d orange red S.A. stamp was clearly franked with the squared circle postmark of NARACOORTE/ JY 4/ (18)97/ S.A (Figure 1).


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HON. WILLIAM BENJAMIN ROUNSEVELL & THE CURRENCY QUESTION?

This Victoria 1d “Reading” stamp postcard was introduced in 1890 in red-brown but changed to orange-brown in keeping with the change in colour of the 1d stamp. This stamp is much more a pure yellow than previously seen and may be a colour changeling due to light exposure. The postcard is addressed to J.G. Patterson Esq, Flinders Lane, City and thepostmark is a duplex MELBOURNE / 20A/ OC 24/ 93 with a barred VICTORIA (Figure 1).


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INDIGO VICTORIA to JAMES BREWSTER, NEW BRUNSWICK, BRITISH NORTH AMERICA [CANADA]

This cover was addressed to James Brewster Esq., Harvey, Albert County, New Brunswick, British North America, and a manuscript ‘Per Overland Mail’ and the perf. 12 greenish-blue One Shilling stamp of Victoria was postmarked with an indistinct barred numeral ‘230' (of Indigo). There was a red transit stamp of LONDON/ J(U?) 16/ 60/ PAID. In addition there was a manuscript rating mark which could not be determined, plus a manuscript ‘# 2(5 or 8) which may denote the number of letters in a correspondence (Figure 1).


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J. C. CHIPPER, WEST WARD, PERTH, MUNICIPAL ELECTION POSTCARD, 1902

This fine postcard represents a local man’s goal to win a municipal election in Perth. One has to be impressed by the sincerity of his quest, which was far superior to other Australian colonial election postcards I have seen in the past 7 years. John Charles Chipper was surprisingly difficult to research partly due the fact that Chipper is not an uncommon surname in Western Australia.


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J. P. BEAR, VICTORIAN M. L. C. (1823 - 1889), & CHATEAU TAHBILK

This long blue cover was a part of 43 postal history covers of Victoria sent in the 1860s to the 1880s, all with various Laureate stamps, but only the front was shown, yet not described by the auction house. It chose it mainly because of the addressee, its registration with multiple oval ‘REGISTERED’ postmarks, a manuscript ‘2089' registration number, and the use of a pair of 2d lilac and a single blue ‘One Shilling’ laureates. There was a MELBOURNE/ 8L/ JN 21/ 75 postmark plus a vertically placed manuscript, which was not totally legible, except for “Fiji/ Attested Apia/ of documents to —/ ------/ in Fiji”. The cover was addressed to The Honble J.P. Bear, 3 Gladstone Terrace, Bligh St, Sydney (Figure 1).


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J. P. JONES M.L.C., SPEAKER at the VICTORIAN INSTITUTE of ADVERTISER MEN

The Commonwealth of Australia postcard with the printed purple 1d KGV Head stamp was cancelled by a roller cancel of MELBOURNE/ 14 OC- 11PM/ 1923 as well as a slogan advertising the BRITISH EMPIRE EXHIBITION. It was addressed to Mr. G.J. Manton, 430 Lit(tle) Collins St., Melbourne (Figure 1).


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J.A. KENNETH MACKAY, SOLDIER, AUTHOR, POLITICIAN, AMATEUR JOCKEY

This cover has a single blue-grey ‘HALF PENNY’ QV and two red ‘Shield’ stamps of New South Wales cancelled with a duplex NORTH SYDNEY/ MR 11/ 12.15 AM / 10/ N.S.W with the barred numeral ‘186', and it is addressed to Mrs Kenneth Mackay, CO the Hon Kenneth Mackay, The Castle, Cape Town, South Africa. As seen on the reverse the year date of 1910 is definitely incorrect (Figure 1).


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JAMES FRANCIS HOGAN, TEACHER, JOURNALIST & IRISH POLITICIAN

Three covers sent to the above were found on eBay on the same day and in dated order they were as follows: The first cover was postmarked with a duplex GEELONG/ 3H/ JA 31/ 72 with a BN ‘2' obliterator on the 2d lilac Victoria stamp, as well as an unframed reception postmark of ANAKIE/ JA 31/ 72/ VICTORIA (the same day delivery is not surprising as the 2 towns are only 25 km apart). The cover is addressed to Mr. James F. Hogan, School 21, Anakies, the sender has written ‘Immediate’ at the upper border, and there were no markings on the reverse (Figure 1).


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JAMES "PHILOSOPHER" SMITH (1827 - 1897) MOURNING COVER

I was intrigued by a mourning cover addressed to the Hon. James Smith M.L.C., "Westwood", Hamilton-on-Forth which has a copy of the green 2d 'side-face' stamp, postmarked with a HOBART/ 3S/ FE 23/ 88 duplex. The Forth arrival back stamp was just barely legible (Figures 1 & 2).


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JAMES COX, TASMANIAN PASTORALIST, MAGISTRATE & BREEDER

This faint entire has several postmarks and manuscripts that are difficult to decipher. The most legible is at top left, a straight two-line ‘WINDSOR/ N.S.W’ and immediately below this is a manuscript ‘Island postage paid’. Just below the ’James’ in the address is a strike in red of an octagonal ‘WINDSOR/ POST PAID’ and below that an oval ‘GENERAL POST OFFICE/ OC 7/ 1840/ SYDNEY’ (the last 2 inverted). There is a manuscript in black ’7' and to the right of this there is another red unframed Sydney postmark also for 7 OC/ 1840. The entire is addressed to James Cox Esq., Clarendon, Launceston, Van Diemens Land (Figure 1).


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JAMES HENRY SCULLIN, AUSTRALIA’S 9TH PRIME MINISTER (1876-1953)

Australian prime ministers were not taught when I was a school boy in Sydney, and because he succeeded Stanley Melbourne Bruce on 22 October 1929, two months before my birth, I had no knowledge of his 2 years 2 months 16 days tenure until I researched this cover. He was unlucky in his timing for the ‘Wall Street Crash’ and the ensuing ‘Great Depression’ took place in the first week of his government. Yet it has been said that this was the right moment for a P.M. remembered as ‘a teetotal, non-smoking, budget pruner’ who was also an honest and stoical man; but he described his tenure as like a nightmare. His life story runs a total of 5 pages in the on-line Australian Dictionary of Biography, quite a problem to capture the essence of the man.


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JAMES HIND JR. of HIND, ROLPH & CO., SAN FRANCISCO's MAYOR & GOVERNOR of CALIFORNIA

Four fronts of covers were recently seen on Ebay sent from Sydney with a printed address of Messrs. Hind, Rolph & Co., 230 California Street, San Francisco, U.S.America. Two have been chosen to introduce this company, and the first has four copies of the grey 2d ‘Roo on Map of Australia’ stamps cancelled by a roller cancel of SYDNEY/ 9-PM/ DE 30/1918/ N.S.W. The second has a roller cancel of SYDNEY/ 1918 on a single grey 2d "Roo on Map of Australia’ and a single red 1d KGV head (Figures 1 & 2).


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JAMES MARTIN, N.S.W. MLA & MACHINERY MERCHANT ADVERTISING COVER

The front of this cover was addressed to Messrs Branson Bros Julong, Binda via Goulburn and the 2d blue stamp of New South Wales is postmarked with a duplex SYDNEY/ H/ FE 9/ 85 N.S.W obliterator (Figure 1).


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JAMES MIRAMS, MELBOURNE FINANCIER, POLITICIAN & ROGUE (1839-1916)

The item which prompted this paper is not a cover, but a Promissary Note written by James Mirams on 21 January 1889 for the amount of 7 pounds 10 shillings (sterling) and it bears a fiscally cancelled 6d Victorian Stamp Duty with a manuscript ‘JMS’ and date 21/1/89. Payment was due on 24 Feby 1889, made out to the Northern Printing Co. There were 2 different purple stampings, a clear double circle for ‘The National Bank of Australasia’, Clifton Hill and a fainter double oval for the same Bank, Melbourne. The promissory note had a notation ‘Paid’ and James Mirams Snr.’s signature was cancelled by a penline (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JAMES SERVICE (1823-1899): ONE of the FATHERS of AUSTRALIAN FEDERATION

This On Her Majesty's Service stampless cover has 2 markings, one being a Victorian Frank for the Minister of Railways and the other a postmark for MELBOURNE/ 17 S/ JE 22/ 96. The cover is addressed to Messrs Jas Service & Co, Collins St, Melbourne, and it bears a 'generic' printed VICTORIAN RAILWAYS/________Station, without the Station filled in (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JAMES THOMAS WALKER, MEMBER of FIRST AUSTRALIAN SENATE 1901

The cover was addressed to James T. Walker, care of Bank of New South Wales, Toowoomba and the blue TWO PENCE stamp of Queensland was postmarked BRISBANE/ 2/ JU 7/ 73 QUEENSLAND.  The reverse was backstamped TOOWOOMBA/ A/ JU 7/ 1873/ QUEENSLAND (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JOHN BARKER, PASTORALIST & PUBLIC SERVANT in VICTORIA

This entire is another example of an inadequately addressed cover that was delivered in the 19th century. It is addressed to Barker Esqr, Clerk of Council, Melbourne and it has an olive-drab 2d ‘Half Length’ stamp of Victoria tied by a Barred Oval ‘2', paying the inland letter rate from Geelong to Melbourne. The reverse was not seen but showed the date of sending and reception of 10 January 1852 (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JOHN GEORGE SAUERBREY (1830-1919)

This 1886 1d Victoria "Astley" stamp design was issued as a postcard on 1 June 1886, eight weeks prior to the design's issue as a stamp. The initial card was for use in Victoria only at the one penny rate, and use to other intercolonial destinations required a further 1d stamp. The 3-line instruction to this effect was altered on a reissue on 4 July 1887 following an agreement between the Australian Colonies to accept each other's postcards without additional postage. Both the 1886 and 1887 postcards were printed in violet-brown on either cream or grey-buff card, from a plate of 36 impressions.


Continued ...


JOHN LEAKE, SOLDIER, PASTORALIST, BANKER, POLITICIAN (1780-1865)

Four stampless entires recently appeared at a single Australian auction site, all of postal history significance, but the first seen was of the greatest interest as it linked this early immigrant, John Leake to the Governor of Van Diemen's Land, William Denison. It is addressed to John Leake Esq, Rosedale, Perth, the latter being crossed out and Campbell Town substituted. In the top left hand corner there is a Postmaster's handstamp, a black boxed 'CAMP TOWN/ 2. NOV 51.', the 'CAMP' being an abbreviation for Campbell Town. All examples of this postal mark dated November 1851 show the month as all capitals, whereas in the usual examples only the first letter of the month is capitalized.. At the lower left is signature 'W. Denison' and at the top right vertically written is 'W.D. 30 Oct 51' in blue ink. The indistinct red postmark is a Hobart [Crown] Free November 1 1851 mark (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JOHN SMITH, PASTORALIST, SHEEP BREEDER, PARLIAMENTARIAN (1811-95)

This 1852 ‘town letter’ outer with the imperforate N.S.W. Laureate 1d brick-red (SG 48) stamp is postmarked with a poor barred numeral ‘15' of Molong and is addressed to John Smith Esquire, Gamboola, Molong, and has a Molong reception on the reverse (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JOSEPH BARLING to T.B. BENNETT: LIMEBURNER’S CREEK, N.S.W.

This unusually fine cancellation of the rays ‘261' in duplicate on a strip of three of the pale blue Two Pence stamp of N.S.W. is on a cover addressed to T.B. Bennett Esq., Bruton Somerset, England. The dates of sending, the date of receiving and the name of the sender are all identified in the manuscript: 22nd Aug 1867, Mr. Joseph Barling, recd 20th Oct, 1867, and another manuscript shows that this is ‘No 3' in a series of letters (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JOSEPH BOSISTO, CHEMIST & M.L.A. RICHMOND, VICTORIA (1824-98)

This 1885 1d dull rose on buff Victoria postcard was mailed out to members of the Richmond Cricket Club as an invitation for the Annual Dinner to be held on Saturday 25 July, 1885 in the Richmond Town Hall, dinner commencing at 7.30 p.m. sharp. Although the card was sent by the Hon. Secretary, Henry Brock, J. Bosisto, Esq., M.L.A., the President of the Club, was to occupy the Chair (Figure 1).


Continued ...


JOSEPH HENRY ABBOTT, BENDIGO BUSINESSMAN, CIVIC LEADER & M.L.C.

This stampless cover was cancelled at the lower left PAID AT BENDIGO/ AP 27/ 04/ VIC. It also had a boxed NOT KNOWN BY/ LETTER CARRIER/ BENDIGO . It was addressed to a Mr. H. Hansen, Williamson St., in Bendigo (Figure 1).


Continued ...


KING EDWARD VII MOURNING COVER & A. R. FOWLER (1847-1911)

This somewhat ordinary mourning cover reveals a story of considerable importance to the entire British Empire, particularly the State of Tasmania. The 1d Mount Wellington pictorial (with a 'T' perfin) is postmarked with a roller Hobart cancel dated 18.5.10 7-0 P/ Tasmania and it was addressed to A.R. Fowler Esq. 50 Charles Street Launceston. The vertical manuscript writing gives a clue as to its purpose: "Funeral Service Death of King Ed. VII May 20/10 (Figure 1).


Continued ...


KING GEORGE V CORONATION CELEBRATIONS, GLENORCHY TASMANIA 1911

This Australian 1911 KGV Coronation issue postal card portrait in an oval laurel frame was privately overprinted on the reverse with a message and it was sent to J. Forsyth, Strath Avon, Claremont, the 9rinted 1d stamp being cancelled in an indistinct Claremont 1911 postmark (Figure 1).


Continued ...


LAURENCE J. HARNETT, SERGEANT-AT-ARMS, PARLIAMENT HOUSE, SYDNEY

The stampless cover has a ms. ‘Stamps not available’ and it was sent from ‘1011, 1st Australian Horse, On Active Service, South Africa’. As shown by the purple handstamp, it went via LONDON EC/ AB/ PAID/ 18 MR 01, which partially obscures a double circle BRITISH FIELD OFFICE/ SOUTH AFRICA/ FE 7/ 01. It was addressed to Miss. E. Harnett. C/o L. J. Harnett Esquire, Parliament House, Macquarie Street, Sydney, N.S.W.


Continued ...


LETTER from a CONVICT to the GOVERNOR of TASMANIA, 1858

The entire raises more questions than answers, for aspects of the letter are in doubt, particularly the name of the convict, but the story is worth reporting. The vendor describes it as follows: "1858 (16th Nov) entire from Port Arthur to Newtown, Hobart from the convict John Lester to the Governor of Tasmania appealing for a reduction of his sentence, franked with (the imperforate blue) 6d tied by barred numeral '61' at Hobart, a fine strike of the rare 'PRISONER'S LETTER (crown) PORT ARTHUR', additional handstamp 'C.G.O./ 1 DEC 1/ 1868 (actually1858)/ RECEIVED'. A desirable exhibition item (AU) $8500". Other information is clearly visible "The Honble. ?J Burgess MLC, Newtown by Hobart," signed by an illegible 'Civil Commandant'. The C.G.O. handstamp is for the Comptroller-General's Office (Figure 1).


Continued ...


LETTER to VISCOUNT CECIL OF CHELWOOD from PARLIAMENT HOUSE, HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES, CANBERRA

This interesting flight cover had much to recommend it, and there was brisk bidding on Ebay auctions, starting at USD 11.70 with a final bid of USD 1,080, beating out a major Australian auction house. The vendor described its main features extremely well, but missed out on what was for me the major feature, the significance of the addressee, over and above his title and the original address of the House of Lords.


Continued ...


LORD HALIFAX: From WWII APPEASER to BRITISH AMBASSADOR in WASHINGTON

The is a fairly ordinary censored Australian cover sent from Melbourne on 4 June 1942 with a 1d green KGVI stamp and a purple boxed 3/ PASSED/ BY/ CENSOR mark, addressed to Lord Halifax, The British Embassy, Washington, U.S.A., with the sender's manuscript "From/ Aldred F. Barker/ The University, Melbourne" (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MALCOLM DONALD McEACHARN of McILWRAITH MCEACHARN SHIPPING Co.

The Victorian Postcard had a printed orange READING ONE PENNY QV’ stamp with a duplex MELBOURNE/ 1A/ MR 9/ 93 with a VICTORIA obliterator. It was addressed to J. Dowling Esq, Collins St, City as well as a boxed ‘UNCLAIMED AT/ MELBOURNE. There was a black ink ms. ‘Not known/ Initials/ 9/3/93' at the top left, and a purple illegible ms. at the bottom left (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MANCHESTER UNITY I.O.F. FRIENDLY SOCIETY to HON. JOHN HENRY LEWIS

The cover was sent from Sydney in April of 1876 to The Hon. John H. Lewis, Knoxville, Knox Co(unty) Illinois, U.S. A., and there was a ms. ‘Via San Francisco’. The cover was franked with a triple strip of the blue ‘TWO PENCE’ QV stamp of New South Wales.  There was a red transit postmark of SAN FRANCISCO/ MAY 6/ PAID ALL  (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MITCHELL FREDERICK HEPBURN, CANADA & JOSEPH ALOYSIUS LYONS, AUSTRALIA

A brown paper sack envelope with a label which had the crest of the Province of Ontario and the address of the Office of the Prime Minister, Parliament Buildings, Toronto Ontario, was sent to Honourable Mitchell F. Hepburn, c/o Right Honourable J.A. Lyons, Prime Minister of Australia, Canberra, Australia. There was a blue Air Mail sticker and a manuscript ‘VIA CHINA CLIPPER’. The total postage was $2.70, made up of a pair of the blue one dollar Champlain stamps, a single brown 20 cents and a single green 50 cents stamps which were postmarked with TORONTO ONT/ 11/ JAN 17/ 39/ POSTAL TERMINAL A. The vendor stated that the envelope probably held papers sent to Hepburn by the fastest means available at the time, the trans-Pacific China Clipper Air Mail Service (Figure 1).


Continued ...


MR. W. (BILL) J. McKELL, GOVERNOR-GENERAL of AUSTRALIA, CANBERRA

There is no doubt in my mind as to whom this cover was addressed, but there are several ‘disconnects’ in this philatelically contrived cover. The slate blue 5½d ‘Emu’ definitive had a date of issue of 12.2.42 and the partially legible postmark reads AIR MAIL BRISBANE/ 8-12 ( )( )/ QLD AUST. There is an BY AIR MAIL vignette, the usual purple ‘Crown over Royal Geographical Society of Australasia/ Queensland’ vignette and a ‘21 st Birthday–Heir Presumptive First Day Issue Stamp’, a description which has certainly no connection to the stamp nor the addressee. To be charitable, perhaps the stamp was cancelled on 12.2.42, but did it go through the mail? (Figure 1).


Continued ...


McDONNELL & EAST, GEORGE STREET, BRISBANE, QUEENSLAND, DRAPERS

A simple cover sent air mail with a brown 5d KGV Head stamp postmarked in 1933 has an indistinct KATHERINE/ ( )/ NORTH AUST postmark (Figure 1).


Continued ...


NICHOLAS FITZGERALD, M.L.C VICTORIA, PASTORALIST & BREWER

This O.H.M.S. New South Wales cover probably contained heavy papers for it had a single brown 1 shilling ‘Roo’ stamp with O.S. overprint and a pair of the green 3d stamps and the cancellation was illegible. However it was sent from the Government Printing Office, Sydney on 12-5-1891. It was addressed to The Honorable Nicholas Fitzgerald M.P., Parliament House (crossed out, and redirected to 454 Collins St.), Melbourne, Victoria (Figure 1).


Continued ...


PADEREWSKI, POLISH PIANIST & PRIME MINISTER, AUSRALASIAN TOUR

This relatively insignificant postcard has modest postal history appeal but is of considerable social philatelic interest.  Early on, I recognised the interest but it remained in my postcard collection for a decade as I was not in a writing mode in those days.

The front shows that it was sent from Parkville Victoria and the red 1d and the green bantam ½d ‘Postage’ stamps were postmarked with the duplex PARKVILLE/ JL 13/ VICTORIA with an incompletely shown barred numeral MCCC/ 85 (1385).  It was addressed to Mr. T. Robin, ‘Mouilpied’ St. Martins, Guernsey, Channel Islands, an uncommon address (Figure 1).


Continued ...


PETER NICHOLAS BROUN, FIRST W. A. COLONIAL SECRETARY

Two Western Australia Colonial Secretary stampless entires were found on auction sites, both with franking interest and sent to the same incumbent, but one was superior to the other in that both the sender and the receiver were of considerable interest. The first was addressed to The Honble The Colonial Secretary, Perth with a red manuscript 'Free' and a black undated 'Crown' over a 28 x 18 mm hexagon-shaped boxed 'GENERAL/ POST OFFICE/ PERTH' frank (Figure 1).


Continued ...


POLITICAL FAVOURS from the LABOUR PARTY in WOLLONGONG, N.S.W.

The cover has a red 2d KGV head OS perfin stamp with a roller cancel Sydney 1931 and is posted to J. Parkinson, Esquire, Crystal Fountain Aerated Water Works, Kenny Street, Wollongong. The reverse has the black crest of the Attorney General, N.S.W. (Figure 1).


Continued ...


ROBERT HODDLE DRIBERG WHITE, DENILIQUIN: COVER from MELBOURNE

It is not always easy to identify an addressee with great certainty, but there is no doubt with this cover which has a pair of the blue ‘Half Length’ 1858 stamps of Victoria postmarked with the B.N. ‘1'.  It is addressed to Mr R H D White, Bank of New South Wales, Deniliquin (N.S.W.) and there is a manuscript ‘Ans 8 Dec’ ( Figure 1).


Continued ...


ROBERT REID, DRAPER, BUSINESS MAGNATE, FEDERATIONIST POLITICIAN

The cover is addressed to Mrs. Robert Reid, “Belmont”, Balwyn and has a MELBOURNE/ PM/ 1 30/ 9 10 02 postmark overlying a blue handstamp for the MINISTER OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION/ VICTORIA frank stamp (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SAMUEL HENRY M.H.A. to JAMES “PHILOSOPHER” SMITH

This cover has two prominent Tasmanians discussing a land tax problem. The On Public Service only (OPSO) stampless cover was sent to the ubiquitous receiver of mail, Mr. J. Smith, Westwood, Forth (Tasmania) and it has a very fine [CROWN]/ FREE/ 27 DE 27/ 1882 in a diamond shaped box, in black rather than the usual red. The inscription at the base shows that it originated at the Real Estate Duty Department and there is a manuscript written vertically at the left presumably relating to its contents, namely ‘Receipt 1882/ 32 Acres’. The sender has signed his name ‘Samuel Henry’ in blue crayon, and the vendor has identified the sender as being from the Launceston Branch of the Department. (Figure 1)


Continued ...


SAMUEL JAMES WAY, CHIEF JUSTICE, LT. GOVERNOR S.A., & GRAND MASTER

This is the first time I have seen a ‘CIRCULAR & CARTNOTE ONLY’ and it looks like a Newspaper Wrapper. It was sent from R.J. COOMBS & Co., Woolbrokers, Adelaide to The Right Hon. S.J. Way PC, Montefiore, Port Adelaide. The printed green 1d South Australian stamp was postmarked G.P.O. ADELAIDE/ AU 2 ( )/ S.A., but the year date was not seen. However he was made a Privy Cuncillor in 1897, and he was knighted in 1899 so that the item does not predate these times (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SENATOR JAMES REA BENSON, ST. CATHARINES, AUSTRALIAN CONNECTION? [CANADA]

This fine Victoria cover had a total of 8d, made up of the 6d blue laureate (watermarked with the emergency paper received from Tasmania showing the double-lined ‘4') plus the De La Rue dull-lilac 2d, both postmarked with the MELBOURNE/ 7 H/ MY 21/ 70, VICTORIA duplex. It has a red LONDON/ PAID/ 14 JY 70 transit mark, as well as a HAMILTON/ ONT. arrival backstamp. It was addressed to ‘The Honbl. James R. Benson MP, St. Catherines (sic), (Ontario), Canada’ and although St. Catharines has a red crayon line through it, there is no evidence that it has been redirected (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIMEON B. CHASE, CHANCELLOR, INDEPENDENT ORDER of GOOD TEMPLARS

This cover has been in research for over 2 years, for research of S.B. Chase was relatively unrewarding, but once I found his first name and the Independent Order of Good Templars, information started to fall into place. The registered letter has a ms. ‘1220' and red crayon crossed lines is addressed to Hon. S.B. Chase M.A., Chancellor, Halstead, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. The 2 Queensland stamps, a brown-grey ‘THREE PENCE’ and a purple on blue paper ‘Four Corners’ 2½d stamps are indistinctly canceled, but there is below a fine unframed NORMANTON/ OC 4/ 00/ QUEENSLAND cancel. In addition there is a 2-line handstamp of REGISTERED/ NORMANTON, a ‘13137' and a ms. blue crayon ‘Registered’ (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR MALCOLM DONALD McEACHARN vs. DR. WILLIAM MALONEY

This political postcard is a prelude to not one but three bitterly fought Federal election battles over a three-year period from March 1901 to March 1904 in the Electorate of Melbourne between the above-mentioned rivals. The postcard reads:


Continued ...


SIR HENRY PARKES K.C.M.G., FATHER of AUSTRALIAN FEDERATION

This simple looking cover is significant not only on account of its important addressee, Sir Henry Parkes K.C.M.G. (Knight Commander St. Michael & St. George), but also for the originating postmark, for while Thursday Island postmarks are common from 1898-on, earlier mail is rarely seen. The reverse was not seen, but the flap was embossed with a crown with ‘SUNBEAM’ below. The significance of the flap embossing was also of considerable  importance for it indicated that th sender was probably Lord Brassey, who was appointed Governor of Victoria in 1895 and became an enthusiastic supporter of Australian Federation. The name of Brassey's yacht was 'Sunbeam', and Lady Brassey died at sea between Australia and Java on 14/9/1887 two weeks after this cover was sent (this information was provided by the vedor).


Continued ...


SIR J. MACARTHUR, MADRAS GOVERNOR to W.E. GLADSTONE, BRITISH M.P.

This cover was listed on eBay auctions and the addressee is a most important person. The sender has not been found in spite of an extensive search, even though there are clues as to his identity. It is addressed to “The Right Honble W.E. Gladstone Esq MP., London” and the sender is named as J. Macarthur. In red, there is a manuscript ‘2/6' (2 shillings and 6 pence), as well as an indecipherable black manuscript, which obscures a part of the address (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR JAMES McCULLOCH, THE POSTMASTER-GENERAL, MELBOURNE 1868

The cover was simply addressed To The Honble, The Postmaster General, Melbourne and the pair of the green 1d ‘Laureate’ stamps of Victoria were canceled with two indistinct barred numerals (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR JOHN GELLIBRAND, SOLDIER, FARMER, POLITICIAN, LEGACY ADVOCATE

The pair of the OS perfined brownish-lake 1½d Parliament House, Canberra stamps are postmarked PARLIAMENT HOUSE/ 9 MY 27/ F.C.T (the date of issue) and it is addressed to Lady Gellibrand, Lindisfarne, Tasmania (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR JOSEPH COOK, N.S.W. POSTMASTER GENERAL & FUTURE PRIME MINISTER

It is unfortunate that the title of this paper gives too much information, does not leave an element of surprise, but neither Miss Eva Moxham nor Wallerawang Railway Station nor the postal officer at Seven Hills provide enough ‘fodder’ to warrant a philatelic paper. Yet the cover screams out that it is unique, and one can only suspect that the sender from Seven Hills, Sydney is attempting to ‘curry favour’ with the blooming Miss Moxham of Wallerawang.


Continued ...


SIR JOSEPH PALMER ABBOTT, SOLICITOR & POLITICIAN, PRESIDENT A.M.P.

The printed to private order envelope of Victoria with the printed purple head of QV stamp ‘TWO PENCE STAMP DUTY’ is cancelled by an unframed EUROA/ JE 7/ 00/ VICTORIA postmark. It was addressed to The Hon. Sir J.P. ABBOTT, K.C.M.G., Australian Mutual Provident Society, 87 PITT STREET. SYDNEY. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR MALCOLM FRASER, W.A. CIVIL ENGINEER & ADMINISTRATOR (1834-1900)

This official stampless cover, ‘On Public Service’ was addressed to The Hon. Malcolm Fraser C.M.G., Colonial Secretary’s Office, Government Buildings, Perth and was postmarked with a duplex PERTH/ NO 19/ 1885/ WESTERN AUSTRALIA, G.P.O. There were several manuscript additions, with a handstamp [Crown]/ PAID marking (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR PHILIP OAKLEY FYSH, POLITICIAN & MERCHANT, TASMANIA

The 1899 long cover from the UK had a blue 2½d stamp and was addressed to the Hon. Sir Philip Oaklt Fysh KCMG, Highbury, Hobart, Tasmania. There was a ‘tombstone’ boxed ‘T’, a ms. ‘1/3', an oval handstamp '1/3d/ MORE TO PAY' as well as a boxed ‘REFUSED’ handstamp. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR ROBERT HERBERT, QUEENSLAND'S FIRST PREMIER

A cover with two baronets in the address is not a common finding, and in this case both are of interest. The cover is a stampless 'On Her Majesty's Service' London cover of 1895 with a purple Colony of Tasmania handstamp applied to mail sent from the Agent General for Tasmania in London. This Departmental cachet was applied to show that the correspondence was properly entitled to be sent free. The cover is addressed to 'Sir Robt G.W. Herbert G.C.B., C/o Sir John Pender G.C.M.G. MP.,Winchester House, 50 Old Broad Street, EC. The red London postmark is largely illegible (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR SAUL SAMUEL, NEW SOUTH WALES POLITICIAN AND MERCHANT

The cover has a blue N.S.W. diadem ‘TWO PENCE’ as well as the orange and prussian blue 6d ‘REGISTERED’ stamp of New South Wales, the latter canceled by an indistinct ‘Rays’ postmark. There is a manuscript ‘Registered letter’ at the top, as well as ‘Registered’ at bottom left and the ‘263' refers to the registration number. It is addressed to Messrs L. & S. Samuels (sic), Sydney. [The correct spelling of the surname is 'Samuel] The reverse had an indistinct unframed oval postmark of Molong, N.S.W.. The vendor provided a date of December 1858 for the cover (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR W.C. WINDEYER, POLITICIAN, CHANCELLOR, UNI SYDNEY

This abused mourning cover has a blue imperforate 1854 ‘Laureate’ stamp of New South Wales canceled with an indistinct barred numeral ‘57' of Raymond Terrace and it is addressed to W.C. Windeyer Esq, University, Sydney. The vendor states that the stamp is the Plate III, being the Plate I re-engraved with the background of crossed lines (Figures 1 & 2).


Continued ...


SIR WILLIAM CHARLES WINDEYER, POLITICIAN & JUDGE (1834-97)

This incoming newspaper wrapper from Great Britain (H&G #E9) was issued in 1889 with the brown Half Penny QV indicium. It was postmarked ‘57' with an 8-barred elliptical obliterator from Beaconsfield, Buck., and it had a handstamp ‘DEFICIENT POSTAGE ½/ FINE _______4d, as well as a large handstamp ‘d. It was addressed to Hon W.C. Windeyer M.A., Tomago, Hunter River, N.S .Wales (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR WILLIAM H. BUNDEY, BARRISTER, JUDGE, POLITICIAN & YATCHSMAN

The cover has an orange ‘TWO PENCE’ QV stamp of South Australia cancelled with the squared circle postmark of PT ADELAIDE/ 2/ DE 16/ 93/ S.A and is addressed to his Honour Judge Bundy (sic), Supreme Court, Adelaide, and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIR WILLIAM MANNING, BARRISTER & POLITICIAN, LETTER to FUTURE WIFE

The stampless cover has a red handstamp with a Crown over a circular FREE/ MY 16/ 1849 and it is addressed to Miss Sowerby, The Parsonage, Goulburn and the signature of the sender is seen as W.M. Manning. The reverse had only red sealing wax (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SOLICITOR-GENERAL MELBOURNE CIRCULAR to JOHN LAURENS J.P.

This circular served double use from the Solicitor-General, Melbourne to John Laurens, Hotham Hill and back again to the Solicitor-General. There were a total of five of these documents available on Ebay, all sent from the same source, but to 5 different Justices of the Peace in the years 1874-1878. The entire is seen in Figure 1.


Continued ...


ST HELENA to BURDEKIN HOUSE, MACQUARIE STREET, SYDNEY

This May 22, 1896 cover with a strip of three 1884-94 blue 2½d overprint on 6d stamps of St. Helena (S.G. #40) paid the triple rate to Sydney Australia. It was backstamped both in London and Sydney, and it was addressed to Norman Burdekin Esq, C/o Sydney Burdekin Esq. Macquarie Street, Sydney N.S.W. An estimate of AU$ 1500 was placed on the cover (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SYLVANUS PARTRIDGE REYNOLDS, TANNER, NORTH MELBOURNE, VIC. MLA

The cover is addressed to Messrs. W. & L. Gordon Pty. Ltd., Napier Street, Essendon, W. 5., a suburb of Melbourne, and the company has not been identified to date. The red 1½d KGV Head stamp was cancelled with a roller cancel MELBOURNE/ 4 30 AM/ 23 AUG/ 1928/ VICTORIA with the slogan INCLUDE POSTAL DISTRICT/ NUMBER IN MELBOURNE/ SUBURBAN ADDRESS, with which the addressor has appropriately complied as shown by the ‘W.5.’ in the address (Figure 1).


Continued ...


THE SEVENTH STATE: A NEW STATE in NEW SOUTH WALES

Two covers addressed to Mr R.D. Craig, Secretary, Nth New South Wales Conference, c/o Seventh Day Adventists, Box 129 Post Office, Hamilton, NSW were sent from Murwillumbah on the 6th and 13th July, 1964, both with the green 5d booklet stamp of QE II (Figure 1).


Continued ...


THE ADELAIDE CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL & DR. ALLAN CAMPBELL

The cover from The Children’s Hospital (Incorporated), E.A. Smith, Lay Superintendent has additional information ‘HELP SOUTH AUSTRALIA’S GREATEST CHARITY. It is addressed to The Secretary. Local Board of Health, Town Hall, St. Peters. The green 1d KGV Head stamp is postmarked with a slogan cancel PREVENT / BUSH FIRES and ADELAIDE/ 4.40 AM/ 22 FEB/ 1936/ S.A. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


THE AUSTRALASIAN FEDERAL CONVENTION, 1891 & SIR GEORGE GREY

There is nothing about this cover that would suggest that this it would contain a letter that spoke of a broken finger, beastly conduct in a divorce case, a friend abstaining from alcohol for 2 years, and that women are not be trusted and this is the reason why the sender is suspicious of marriage. Interspersed with this gossip is an interesting political discussion on Sir George Grey, the single tax scheme of Henry Grey and a concern about a candidate’s delayed decision to run for a seat in the N.S.W. parliament.


Continued ...


THE HONOURABLE CHARLES SLADEN ESQUIRE, GEELONG VICTORIA

A cover addressed to the Honble. Charles Sladen Esqre, Geelong, Victoria on June 29, 1859 had a strip of three of the blue NSW Diadems tied to the cover by an indistinct ‘rays’ cancels, which would have been ‘87' of Ipswich NSW, taking into account the reverse. The post office at Ipswich NSW opened in 1846 and it was transferred to Queensland on 1. December 1859 (Figure 1).


Continued ...


THE RT. HON. PRIME MINISTER, JOSEPH ALOYSIUS LYONS (1879-1939)

This long cover has a blue BY AIR MAIL vignette, and the three red 2d KGV heads are postmarked SHIP MAIL ROOM/ 12 AP 32/ MELBOURNE. The letter was addressed to The Honourable the Prime Minister, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. For all ‘the world-to-see’ the sender has prominently written “Dear Joe since you are so hard up you cant reduce the postage. I have put 4d extra on this.” The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


THEODORE FAWCETT, SOLDIER, MAGISTRATE & W.A. M.L.C.

This English cover bearing the 1867 straw-coloured 9d stamp of QV (S.G. 110) had a Winchester / D/ JA 23/ 73 duplex with the ‘888' numeral obliterator and was addressed to Theodore Fawcett Esqr, Pinjarah (sic) Park, Perth, Western Australia, plus 3 black manuscripts in the same hand: ‘Via Brindisi Jan 23' and ‘Paid’ at the top of the cover, as well as the name of the sender ‘Mrs Fawcett’ at the lower left corner (Figure 1).


Continued ...


THOMAS B. STEPHENS, NEWSPAPER PROPRIETOR, QUEENSLAND POLITICIAN

This May 1869 entire with a vertical pair of the blue Queensland TWO PENCE ‘Chalons’ was sent from Bowen (as identified on the reverse of the cover) to The Colonial Treasurer, Treasury, Brisbane (Figure 1).


Continued ...


THOMAS BARKER STEAM MILLS, SYDNEY, PHILANTHROPIST & POLITICIAN

The entire is addressed to Ths Barker Esq., Steam Mills. Sysdney and there is a boxed red PAID AT/, CAMDEN handstamp, a large red hand-written '2', and a black ms. ppe at lower left on this stampless front.  The vendor has identified it being sent in 1851 and the reverse has a Camden b/s as well as a Sydney arrival (Figure 1).


Continued ...


THOMAS BRUNTON, BAKER, POLITICIAN, FLOUR MILLER & FARMER

The postcard had a 1d orange-brown ‘Reading Stamp Duty’ stamp cancelled with an ‘UP TRAIN/ MG 1/AU 23/ 90/ VICTORIA postmark and had a printed JAS. GRIGG, Esq.,456 Collins Street, Melbourne (Figure 1).


Continued ...


UNION of AUSTRALIAN WOMEN, PEACE COMMITTEE vs.SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC

The Airmail postcard has the $1.20 pink cockatoo stamp of 1994, and the date and place from which it was sent, was illegible. It states: Dear Sir, The people of Australia urge you to: Please negotiate; Please stop this terrible war. Signature D. Dudman 5/4/94. Card produced by Union of Australian Women, Australian Peace Committee. It is addressed to M. Le President, Slobodan Milosivic (sic), 1100 Belgrade Serbia, Yugoslavia (Figure 1).


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W. H. MOULE, MELBOURNE SOLICITOR, JUDGE, POLITICIAN & CRICKETER

The red printed ‘TWO PENCE’ Victorian stamp is postmarked with the GEELONG/ 17/ DE 24/ 94 and the barred numeral ‘2', and the cover is addressed to Messrs Moule & Seddon, Solrs, 55 Market St, Melbourne (Figure 1).


Continued ...


W.C. WENTWORTH'S LETTERS to BROTHER-IN-LAW, ROBERT TOWNS

The first entire is addressed at Maitland July nine 1844/ Robert Towns Esqe/ Castlereagh St/ Sydney and has the signature of W.Wentworth MLC at the lower left hand. There is a red boxed FREE (Karman N50.57) on the front. The reverse (not shown) has an oval MAITLAND/ [Crown]/ JY 9 1844/ NEW S. WALES and GENERAL POST OFFICE/ [Crown]/ JY 11 1844/ SYDNEY postmarks in black (Figure 1).


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WESTERN AUSTRALIAN SENATOR ALEXANDER MATHESON (1861-1929)

These two covers were mailed from Perth W.A. eight days apart, almost certainly from the same sender, addressed simply to Senator Matheson. Both were underpaid with the grey ½d swan stamp, and they were postmarked with different Perth G.P.O duplexes. The first had a complete duplex with L.C. (Letter Carrier) ROOM/ 2/ AU 4/ 02/ PERTH and was addressed to St. Georges Terrace, Perth W.A. and it had a tax marking of a large broad 'T' in a circle and the 1d Blank Tablet postage due was postmarked with an incomplete AU 3/ 02/ PERTH W.A cancel (Figure 1).


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WESTERN AUSTRALIA ATTEMPTS SECESSION IN THE 1930's

I have no recollections of the persistent concerns that the W.A. residents had about staying in the Australian Federation, right up to the end of WW II in 1945. Moreover, even in the 1970's a Westralian Secessionist Movement was formed with the financial backing of mining magnate, Lang Hancock. The movement represented a conservative reaction to the centralist views of the Whitlam Labour Government. During the 1999 Federal referendum campaign, the W.A. secessionists urged electors to vote ‘NO’ to a new Federation.


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WILLIAM ANDRADE, ANARCHIST, BOOKSELLER , & ANTI-CONSCRIPTIONIST

The incompletely seen cartoon advertising cover shows a caricature of an eastern gentleman apparently standing on a log fishing; the text reads ‘No Ketchem Ten Days return to The House of Mystery and Magic, Will Andrade, 173 Pitt St., Sydney’. It is addressed to Messrs S.S. Adams & Co., Ashbury Park, New Jersey, U.S.A. It has a blue AIR MAIL sticker and the one shilling six pence Airmail and the 2d 150th Anniversary of the Foundation of N.S.W. stamps are cancelled by an AIR MAIL/ SYDNEY postmark of the late 1930s (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM CLARK HAINES, GRAZIER & POLITICIAN, PREMIER of VICTORIA

The entire has a 1d brown and a 3d steel-blue ‘Half Length’ stamps of Victoria cancelled by the barred numeral ‘75' of Shelford prepaying the 4d inland letter rate to Melbourne and showing but not seen on the reverse, despatch and arrival datestamps of 10 April 1856. It is addressed to William C. Haines, Chief Secretary Office, Melbourne (Figure 1).


Continued ...


WILLIAM CROSBY, HOBART IMPORTERS/EXPORTERS & POLITICIAN

The bright-red ‘FOUR PENCE’ Van Diemen’s Land stamp [SG 10] has fine margins tied by LAUNCESTON/ 26 JY 26/ 1854 with the barred numeral ‘59' of Launceston obliterating the stamp. The entire was sent to Hobart, the date being confirmed by the red ‘PAID’ handstamp. It was sent to Messrs. Wm Crosby & Co., Hobart Town. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM JOHN MACLEAY, POLITICIAN/ZOOLOGIST & the MACLEAY FAMILY

The cover is addressed to W.J. MacLeay (sic)  Esq MLA, Australian Club and the 1d red-orange New South Wales ‘Laureate’ stamp was cancelled with a barred grid obliterator with 10 vertical lines characteristic of the Sydney G.P.O. ( Figure 1).


Continued ...


WILLIAM KERR, JOURNALIST, NEWSPAPER EDITOR/OWNER, TOWN CLERK

This stampless cover from London has a ms. ‘2/3' and ‘pr. Overland Via Marseilles’, a red ‘clover leaf’ PAID/ L.S,/ 8 SP 8/ 1854 handstamp, as well as an illegible red circular handstamp. It is addressed to W. Kerr, Town Clerk, Melbourne, Australia (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM MORRIS HUGHES, LONGEST SERVING FEDERAL POLITICIAN

The final paragraph in the Australian Dictionary of Biography’s account of Billy Hughes really sums him up:  To some a great patriot, to others a renegade and mountebank.  He aroused extremes of admiration or hatred, but never indifference.  Abrasive and ruthless, he could also be charming and amusing.   Often mean, he could sometimes be very generous.  He would fly into violent rages, which would soon be forgotten.  A gift to cartoonists, he became in old age a figure of fun to those who knew nothing of his prime.  Flexible as to means, his broad objectives were remarkably consistent.  These were 'to fight for the under-dog' and to defend the right of Australia to develop its own form of democratic society, combining the best of British traditions and institutions with the maximum of freedom and equality.  His old opponent Lord Bruce said of him after his death:  'he had two qualities which are very rare and very important in a politician: ‘he had imagination and he had courage'. With all his faults, his place in Australian history is secure, no less for his contribution to the early labour movement than for his achievements as a national wartime leader and on the world stage.


Continued ...


WILLIAM THOMAS MOLLISON J. P., PYALONG, KILMORE, VICTORIA

The entire is addressed to W.T. Mollison Esq J. P., Pyalong, Kilmore and the 1853 Ham printing Queen on Throne violet-brown (S.G. 18b) has the ‘1/V Barred Oval’ of Melbourne cancel and a reception postmark of KILMORE/ AP 12/ (----)/ VICTORIA (Figure 1).


Continued ...


 
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