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FAMILY HISTORY

‘LITTLE WANZER’ SEWING MACHINE, MADE in HAMILTON, ONT., CANADA

The advertising cover has a picture of a small machine, but no textual description other than THE "LITTLE WANZER’. It is addressed to Mr. Ramsay, Dobroyde Nursery, Ashfield. The orange ‘ONE PENNY’ stamp of New South Wales was cancelled with a duplex cancel of SYDNEY/ I/ JY 8/ 73/ P with a vertical 4-ring oval N.S.W., as an obliterator of the stamp. Whereas I first thought the ‘I’ was a ‘1', all 4 examples of this duplex had a letter, not a figure above the date. This example with a ‘P’ below the date is shown by Tobin and Orchard as Figure 123, which was previously known from 30 October 1873 until 17 April 1875. Thus this postmark is an ERD (earliest recorded date). The reverse was not seen but had an ASHFIELD/ JY 9/ 1873/ N.S.W. postmark (Figures 1 & 2).


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ADMIRAL BERTIE CORNELIUS CATOR of BECKENHAM, LONDON (1787 - 1864)

This entire has a strip of three of the 1855 Perkins Bacon, London printing rose-carmine TWO PENCE (S.G. # 20) imperforate stamps of South Australia postmarked with 2 strikes of the ‘empty’ circle & bars cancel of Adelaide as well as alongside the PAID/ MR 24/ 1855/ ADELAIDE S A in red. It is rated with a manuscript ‘3', and unusually it has no transit or arrival markings on the reverse. It is addressed to Admiral Cator, Messrs Hallett & Robinson, 14 Great George Street, Westminster, London (Figure 1).


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ALEXANDRA VICTORIA: SOLICITOR to R.S. APPELBE, MILTON BARRISTER, CANADA

The cover the blue 6d ‘Laureate’ and a lilac 2d stamps of Victoria canceled with the barred numeral ‘602' and there was an unframed ALEXANDRA/ FE 23/ 75/ VICTORIA alongside. There was an orange crayon ‘2' and a red hand-stamp LONDON/ PAID. The cover was addressed to R.S. Appelbe Esqr, Barrister &c, Milton, Ontario, Canada (Figure 1).


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ARTHUR MIDGLEY, ‘LARCHMOUNT’, LONDON RD., SAFFRON WALDEN, ESSEX

Two items came on Ebay addressed to Arthur Midgley, the first a N.S.W. Letter Card with the printed red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp, cancelled with a roller cancel SYDNEY/ N.S.W./ 16 JE/ 11-AM 1913 addressed to Mr. A, Midgley, J.P. at Saffron Walden, Essex, England (Figure 1).


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BARON KARL von SWAINE, ORCHARDIST at LANCASTER via KYABRAM, VIC.

A very ordinary 1885 South Australia Newspaper Only wrapper with a purple printed One Penny stamp with an indecipherable date is addressed to Baron von Swaine, P.O. Lancaster via Kyabram Victoria (Figure 1).


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BARONESS de KOENNERITZ of SAINT CLOUD

A single newspaper wrapper is unlikely to excite me, but this one did because of the recipient's name and her address. There can't be too many foreign baroness in the eastern suburbs of Sydney, but Rose Bay would be a likely locale for finding one. The wrapper, without any identifier of the sender, is postmarked twice by BENDIGO/ 2/ 6-P/ 20 NO 19/ VIC on the 'No Inscription' type ½d green plus ½d green KGV head (with the 2 stamp images printed at different levels) wrapper issued in 1918. It is addressed to Baroness A.N. de Koenneritz, "Saint Cloud, Collins Avenue, Rose Bay, Sydney (Figure 1).


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BRAIDSWOOD N.S.W. to F. W. H. AARON, YOUBA & TOULUMNE COUNTIES, CALIFORNIA

A series of 22 covers were sent to Francis William Howard Aaron at several addresses in California dated from 1852 to 1877, and the first I consider to be a local Californian cover. This opinion is at variance with that of the vendor who states that the first cover "almost certainly originated in New South Wales." Most of the other covers were posted by members of his Braidwood N.S.W. family, for the addressee documented on the covers that they came from his father and sisters. Unfortunately, none of the covers contained letters.

Francis (Frank)William Howard Aaron was born in Wales on June 5, 1829 and he died in Marysville California on April 27, 1897. He arrived in California on December 29 1849 and as attested to by the covers he received from Australia, he spent much of the 1850s on or around the California gold fields. He became a prominent businessman who founded and owned the Marysville Water Company. He was also the bookkeeper for the Marysville Gas and Electric and a trustee for the Marysville Library Association. He married Mary Musgrove Bobo (1850-1930s), the daughter of a Marysville physician, Charles Duncan Bobo on September 2, 1874 and they had one son, Charles Francis Aaron (December 1, 1875- September 6, 1953). A picture of Frank is seen in Figure 1.


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BUTTERWORTH BROTHERS CO., MERCHANTS, CASTLEMAINE, VICTORIA & N.Z.

The folded 1856 ‘entire’ letter is franked with the QV 4d rose Victorian pair of the ‘Emblems’ stamps on wove paper (SG 83), tied by the ‘killer’ barred numeral ‘1' of Melbourne, and it is addressed to Messrs Butterworth Bros., Merchants, Castlemaine (Figure 1).


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CAPTAIN R.G.F. CANDAGE, BOSTON MASS. from MT BLACKWOOD, VICTORIA

The cover is addressed to Captain R.G.F. Candage, 17 Merchants Exchange, Boston Mass., United States America and it has a manuscript ‘22/4/70' at lower left as well as ‘Ans Jul 1 70' at the left edge of the cover. There is an unframed MT BLACKWOOD/ AP 22/ 70/ VICTORIA postmark and both stamps, a brown lilac ‘TWO PENNY’ and a blue Laureate ‘SIX PENCE’ were cancelled with the barred numeral ‘64'. There were two red circular cancels, a LONDON/ B/ PAID/ A/ (-----), as well as a red unknown cancel, and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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CAPTAIN RONALD EDGAR SMITH, 2ND SON of JAMES “PHILOSOPHER” SMITH

A large number of covers have been seen at stamp auction sites addressed to Westwood Forth, Ulverstone Forth, or Ulverstone either to Lieutenant, Captain or Major R.E. Smith over the past 3 years, but none compare with the present one sent by Captain R.E. Smith to his mother. The cover has a blue garland of ribbons and leaves, surrounding a monogram of EPH, with the words Excelsior Palace Hotel, A. Percy Trewhella Proprietor, Palerme (Palermo), a manuscript ‘On Active Service/ with A.I.F. From/ Capt. R.E. Smith’ and the blue Italian stamp, is postmarked 24. 12. 15. It has a PASSED (by censor) hand stamp and it is addressed to Mrs. James Smith (Westwood Forth, crossed out), Main St. Ulverstone, Tasmania, Australia.. The vendor does not mention any markings on the reverse, but states it enclosed a long interesting letter from the officer wounded at Gallipoli and mentions the withdrawal of the troups from Suvla Ba , on the Aegean coastline of the Gallipoli peninsula in European Turkey (Figure 1).


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CLAUD FARIE: SHERIFF OF MELBOURNE

Part I: Biography


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COCHRANE FAMILY MEMBERS, NOTABLE MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL NAVY

Although the recipient or sender of the attached four covers, Captain The Honourable E.G.L. Cochrane, never rose to the naval heights that other family members ascended, he was responsible for much of the family mail, at least 10 covers at last count. He is shown as Captain of the H.M.S. Peterel, at the Cape of Good Hope. The two green 6d Queensland stamps are cancelled with the unframed duplex BRISBANE/ 2/ FE 24/ 69/ QUEENSLAND, there is a red not deciphered postmark (not typical of Cape Town) dated 27 AP 69 as well, and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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COMMANDER THEOPHILUS MOULTRIE KELSALL, R.N. & HIS SON CONRAD KELSALL

It is not often that one sees more than 30 covers addressed to the same person over a period of 50 years from 1850 to 1900, particularly from 10 different countries including: Ascension Island, Australia, France, Germany, Great Britain (addressed to 6 different addresses) and Lagos, as well as to several ships in the Royal Navy, including the H.M.S. Alecto. Two covers from Melbourne which are addressed to T.M. Kelsall, and relate to his elder son Conrad Moultrie Kelsall, are featured in this paper.

The first cover is addressed to Capt. T.M. Kelsall R.N., Youngaton , Westward Ho’, Devon, England and the two stamps are both Victorian ‘Stamp Duty’, a green Half Penny and a pale mauve Two Pence, both cancelled with MELBOURNE/ 12 P/ OC 31/ 99, and the reverse was postmarked with a Bideford receiver (Figure 1).


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CONSTANCE ENID RADCLIFFE, THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, SOUTH AUSTRALIA

After researching this unusual postcard for a year, I realised that the postcard was not addressed to Constance but to her mother, Emily for it was addressed to Mrs. Radcliffe, Theosophical Society, Victoria Square, Adelaide, S.A., whereas Constance never married. However both parents and their 3 children were greatly involved with Theosophy, particularly Constance over her long lifespan. The postcard is inscribed vertically along its left border ‘Copyright: The Colombo Apothecaries Co. Ltd’ and top centre it is printed with ‘Ceylon (Ceylan). It has a printed red 1d New South Wales ‘Shield’ stamp with a ‘PAQUEBOT’ handstamp. The sender wrote that it was posted May 1st at Suez, and it bears a SUEZ/ 2 - V. 09 4.30 PM postmark of the next day. The message is inconsequential considering what appears on the reverse, for it talks of "unsuitable food. One can’t thrive very long on boiled potatoes & cabbage." (Figure 1).


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DALTON BROTHERS, HUMBLE BEGINNINGS, from & to DUNTRYLEAGUE

Two relatively unpretentious covers dated 27 years apart reveal, on their reverse, how the fortunes of the Dalton Brothers changed from humble beginnings in Ireland to riches in New South Wales. The first cover, a printed to private order envelope with the embossed blue 1d ‘Emu’ stamp of N.S.W. was postmarked with the duplex SYDNEY/ FE 11/ 11-A M/ 95/ 36 and was addressed to a firm in Melbourne (Figure 1).


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DAVID HASTIE HARVEY, MANAGER of TATTERSALL’S & FAMILY, TASMANIA

This cover was addressed to Master Horace Harvey, Manresa, Lower Sandy Bay, Hobart, Tasmania. It was probably overweight as the strip of four green ‘HALFPENNY Bantam Postage’ stamps of Victoria were insufficient postage. They were cancelled with the duplex ST. KILDA/ JL 4/ 07/ VICTORIA with the barred numeral ‘78', and the oval tax marking of 4D was partially obscured by the vertical pair of the green 2 PENCE Postage Due stamps (the converted issue with the ‘N.S.W.’ removed). The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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DENNYS, LASCELLES & CO., GEELONG WOOL MERCHANTS

The 1876-81 1d ‘Bell’ postcard was postmarked with the duplex GEELONG and B.N. ‘2' with an indistinct date, and it was addressed to Messrs Peterson, Lane & Co. Melbourne (Figure 1).


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E.P. RAMSAY, ORNITHOLOGIST, ZOOLOGIST & SYDNEY MUSEUM CURATOR

Five covers were found on eBay, addressed to three members of the Ramsay Family from 1867 to 1874, and they will be described in dated order. The first was addressed to J.S. Ramsay Esqr., Care of J. McNiven, Cardington, Molong. The blue ‘TWO PENCE’ stamp of New South Wales was cancelled with a duplex D/ DE 24/ 67/ SYDNEY found in an incomplete circle and a 3-ringed oval N.S.W. obliterator. This specific duplex was in use from 1.5.67 until 20.3.68. The addressee was John Simeon Ramsay, the best known son of E.P. Ramsay, the main subject described in this paper (Figure 1).


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EDWARDS, DUNLOP & CO. LTD, SYDNEY & MELBOURNE

The cover has a ms. ‘Late fee added’ and a boxed PACKET-BOAT, with 2 copies of the green ‘THREE PENCE’ stamps of New South Wales, canceled with a multi-ringed N.Z. postmark of Dunedin, but the date is not legible.. The vendor describes the date as 188(?). The cover is addressed to The Proprietors, Bradshaw Publishing Co., Dunedin , New Zealand (Figure 1).
 


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EMANUEL SOLOMON (1800-1873) CONVICT, MERCHANT & POLITICIAN

The cover is addressed to Messrs E. Solomon & Co., Adelaide and has the pale red 2d South Australian stamp (S.G. 24a) cancelled with the diamond numeral ‘106' of Woodchester, and there is a manuscript ‘Private’ at the lower left (Figure 1).


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FOX FAMILY, ‘THE SPATULA’: A COVER with a STRIP of 5 KGV 1D ‘RED HEADS’

This registered cover from Brisbane to Boston, Mass. had an uncommon strip of five 1d red KGV Head stamps and a single green ½ d KGV Head stamp to make up the 5½ d rate. This WWI cover was postmarked with 5 blue REGISTERED/ 3-P 1 MR 1916/ BRISBANE cancels as well as a red BRISBANE registration label and it had 2 different red OPENED BY CENSOR labels. It was addressed to Irving P. Fox Esq., "The Spatula", 14 Sudbury, Boston Mass., USA as well as a purple ‘96713' handstamp (Figure 1).


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FREDERICK VON STIEGLITZ, PASTORALIST & POLITICIAN, TASMANIA

This stampless ‘complete’ is addressed to Frederick L. Steiglitz Esquire, Fingal (Van Diemens Land) and the cancellation has no name of the town, but is dated 28 MY 28/ 1847. The letter was rated ‘4' (Figure 1).


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G. & W. SHIERLAW, MERCER, TAILOR/OUTFITTER: S.A. "FRONTS ONLY"

Is there a stamp collector of South Australian and Northern Territory covers, that has not seen "fronts only" applied to covers addressed to Shierlaw & Co., sometimes with ‘Tailor’ in the address, at Hindley Street, Adelaide? The use of South Australia colonial stamps spread into the time period of the use of the red 1d KGV stamp, and this ‘Squared Circle’ postmark of CHARRA/ SE 8/ 15/ S.A is such an example (Figure 1).


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GEORGE ARTHUR CHARLES FANE De SALIS (1851 - 1931)

Over the past five years I have seen at least 5 covers addressed to one of the De Salis family members, but I have not felt that I could do justice to the Australian family members until now. This was not because of insufficient information, of which there is an abundance, but because much of it is difficult to access by way of the internet. However with 2 covers addressed to George or his wife, I felt that I should make an attempt to chronicle some aspects of their lives.


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GEORGE & LEO WHITNEY’s ELECTRIC STUDIO & LUNA PARK, MELBOURNE

There is no evidence that this postcard has ever gone through the post. However there are certain intriguing reasons to spin a tale about it for the 2 American brothers who were photographers in Melbourne for perhaps a decade had a significant role to play in the formation of Melbourne’s Luna Park. The postcard advertises the Whitney Bros. Electric Studios, Bourke Street, Melbourne. It also has 2 additional advertising features contained in a circle, on the left ‘Day or Night Lightno Process’ and on the right ‘Finished While You Wait’, the latter phrase being the photo studio’s greatest selling point. It was addressed to B.R. Wright, Public Library, Swanston Street,City MELB., the significance of which has not been followed up (Figure 1).


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GEORGE BARNARD & E.G. LOVE, A TALE ABOUT TWO ENTOMOLOGISTS

The UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE CARTE POSTALE, QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA has a black 1½d stamp cancelled by an illegible postmark, and it has a photo of the ‘Charleville Bore’. It is addressed to E.G. Love Esq Ph.D., 80 East 55 St., New York, U.S.A. and there is a reception postmark NEW YORK, N.Y.-STA. H/ JUN 15/ 8 - PM/ 1901 (Figure 1).


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GEORGE BRUCE, SHEEP BREEDER, LOOMBAH STATION, YULLUNDRY

I have seen 10 covers addressed to George Bruce over the past 2 years, and it has taken me all this time to come up with a coherent story about him. In the meantime, I had destroyed most of the scans. Recent covers have kindled my interest again, and my search led me to a researcher for Molong Historical Society and thence to Joan Marriott’s book The Crossroads. The History of Cumnock.


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GRACE BROS, JOSEPH NEAL & ALBERT EDWARD GRACE: END of an ERA

This advertising cover for Grace Bros, Merchants & Importers, Broadway Glebe, Sydney: The Model Store, was addressed to Germany with two red 1d ‘Shield ‘ stamps of N.S.W., cancelled by Sydney roller postmark Jan 1910, as well as a greenish-blue ½d QV head stamp postmarked by a Sydney c.d.s. (Figure 1).


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GREGORY BROTHERS, EXPLORERS & FRANK PEDLEY, CANADIAN POLITICO

The Aristophot Co., London postcard was sent by a person, not researched, by name N. Stoneham to Mrs Frank Pedley, 283 McLaren St, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada and the rosine 1d South Australian stamp was canceled by a EUDUNDA/1/ AP 28/ 08/S.A ‘squared circle’ postmark. There was a routing VANCOUVER, B.C./ JUN 4/ 7.30 AM/ 1908 postmark as well as a reception OTTAWA -ONT/ JUN 9/ 08/ CANADA postmark (Figure 1).


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HADLEY. J.C. & FAMILY HOTEL: ANTARTIC EXPLORERS, RUSSIAN PRINCE & ERROL FLYNN

This purposely provocative title is an attention grabber, and yet another two names should be added to the title, but this would be cumbersome. The cover that prompted this paper had an unlikely history that follows. The cover was addressed to Mr. Hadley, Orient Hotel, Hobart, Tasmania and the two red ‘ONE PENNY SHIELD’ stamps of New South Wales were each cancelled with a copy of the ‘Rays 455' of Murwillumbah which was confirmed by the circular postmark of MURWILLUMBAH/ FE 15/ 1905/ N.S.W. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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HAMILTON EWELL VINEYARDS, SOUTH AUSTRALIA & VICTORIA

 

The first airmail cover was underpaid with a single blue 5½d ‘Emu’ stamp which was canceled with a slogan cancel about preventing accidents, associated with an ADELAIDE/ 22 MAY/ 1948/ SOUTH AUST. postmark. It was addressed to Messrs. Hamilton Ewell Vineyards (Vict.) Pty. Ltd., 114 King Street, Melbourne. It was sent from the parent company in Glenelg, S. Aust and a 6d Postage Due stamp was applied. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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HEINZ TICHAUER (HENRY TALBOT), FAMOUS AUSTRALIAN PHOTOGRAPHER

This tattered registered Bolivian cover revealed a remarkable history of a Jewish man, born in Germany, interned in England, transported to Australia on His Majesty’s Transport ‘Dunera’, who first became an alien internee in Hay, N.S.W., then an Australian army employee in World War 2, followed by a non-combatant Australian Army private. He became one of four famous immigrant German photographers who shipped to Australia during WW2. Heinz Tichauer became known as Henry Talbot probably at the time of his Australian naturalization probably in 1945, and he specialized in fashion photography, portraits and advertising. I was so intrigued by this man’s story that I contacted an unknown woman living in the U.S.A., by email and within 24 hours I received an email from Henry’s son, Neale Talbot, who lives in Hong Kong. Imagine my surprise!

The cover was sent by Heinz’s father, Max Tichauer of ‘La Exquisita’ in Cochabamba, Bolivia and it had a pencilled ‘Certificado’ (Certified) as well as the 3 Bolivian stamps, a single blue 20 Bolivianos and a pair of brown 240 Bolivianos stamps postmarked ‘SERVICIO AEREO’. There was a printed ‘Correo Aereo’ and the address in black ink was: service No V377568/ Heinz Tichauer/ 8th Aust. Emp. Co./ Home Forces Camp Pel( ), Australia and a new address was added in red ink ‘EAST ALBURY NSW (Figure 1).


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HIGGINS FAMILY, BURNT OAK, CURRENCY CREEK, S. A.

The E-bay seller had more than 40 covers posted to several family members over a period of 50 years. The present cover was addressed to Mrs. H.M. Higgins, Burnt Oak, Currency Creek, South A/lia with a Melbourne/ -2 AP-6-P/ 1925 postmark, with a complete roller cancel: BRITISH EMPIRE EXHIBITION/ ALWAYS ASK FOR/ AUSTRALIAN PRODUCTS, on a KGV 1½d red stamp (Figure 1).


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INDIGO VICTORIA to JAMES BREWSTER, NEW BRUNSWICK, BRITISH NORTH AMERICA [CANADA]

This cover was addressed to James Brewster Esq., Harvey, Albert County, New Brunswick, British North America, and a manuscript ‘Per Overland Mail’ and the perf. 12 greenish-blue One Shilling stamp of Victoria was postmarked with an indistinct barred numeral ‘230' (of Indigo). There was a red transit stamp of LONDON/ J(U?) 16/ 60/ PAID. In addition there was a manuscript rating mark which could not be determined, plus a manuscript ‘# 2(5 or 8) which may denote the number of letters in a correspondence (Figure 1).


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J. MARTIN, DRAPER, JOHN MARTIN & Co. Ltd. S.A., & BRUNETTE DOWNS N.T.

This registered Business Reply Envelope had a purple handstamped ‘AIR MAIL’ as well as a ms. Brunette Downs N. T. registration label and it was sent to John Martin & Co. Limited, 92-106 Rundle St., Adelaide. It had 2 single small green One Shilling Lyre Bird stamps with a single purple 1d QEII stamp. The stamps were cancelled with 3 BRUNETTE DOWNS/ ( )/ N.T. postmarks, the date being illegible. The stamps were applied to the overweight envelope in spite of the printed ‘Postage and Fee will be paid on delivery’ (Figure 1).


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J.J.A. BOASE, BANKER PENZANCE, CORNWALL: LETTER from MELBOURNE

The following scans were sent to me by Les Molnar who has added this cover to his ‘Emblems’ of Victoria stamp exhibit. It is unique in that a total of nine green 1d emblems stamps were used on the cover, and more importantly it had the previously unknown use of an interpanneau block of 4 stamps on the cover. The cover was sent per ‘Emeu’ via Marseilles and the 9 stamps were composed of a horizontal and a vertical pair, the interpanneau block of 4, plus a single stamp, canceled with the barred numeral ‘1' of Melbourne. It was addressed April 24th 1860 and J.J.A. Boase Esqre, Penzance, Cornwall, England (Figure 1).


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JAMES & ROBERT BURNS CUMING, ADELAIDE CHEMICAL WORKS COMPANY

The South Australia purple ONE PENNY postcard is addressed in print to Mr. R. B. Cuming, The Adelaide Chemical Works Company, New Thebarton, (South Australia) and it is cancelled with a duplex G.P.O. ADELAIDE/ AU 25/ 94/ S.A postmark (Figure 1).


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JAMES HENRY BRETT WALCH of J. WALCH & SONS PTY LTD, HOBART (1)

The cover is addressed to J. Walch & Son, Newspaper Agents. Hobart, Tasmania and the two red 1d ‘Shield’ stamps of N.S.W. have 2 copies of the barred numeral ‘1711'. There is a transit roller cancel of SYDNEY/ SEP 22/ 12 M/ 1905/ 15 overlying the postmark of origin RILEY’S HILL/ SP 20/ 1905/ N.S.W (Type 1 D (i), opened 1893, closed 1978, 29 k from Ballina. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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JANE & HENRY RUSSELL, MR. BARFF, & the UNIVERSITY & OBSERVATORY, SYDNEY

A series of covers on Ebay addressed to two of the three above- named persons, all of whom were interrelated, opened up an interesting story about all three persons as well as two long-standing important Sydney institutions. The first cover to Mr. Barff, 48 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney with the blue N.S.W. 2d QV stamp postmarked with the Type D4 duplex (in use1894-1901) COWRA/ JU 20/ 6 15 PM/ 00/ N.S.W with numeral ‘12' obliterating the stamp, hardly inspires any confidence that it might be an entry point into a group of interesting stories (Figure 1).


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JESSE FRENCH PIANOS, U.S.A. - A CONNECTION to AUSTRALIA

Two covers sent from Sydney to a piano manufacturer in New Castle, Indiana, USA prompted this paper. The first had embossed octagonal KGV heads of the 1d red and the ½d green as well as an affixed 1½d brown KGV head stamp, making a total of 3d postage. The stamps had a roller cancellation of SYDNEY/ JE 9/ 1919/ 1015AM/ N.S.W. The sender’s name is rubber stamped in purple, at top left, as F. Owen French/ 94 Pitt Street/ Sydney, and the letter is addressed to H. Edgar French, 603 S. 14th Street, New Castle, Indiana, U.S. America (Figure 1).


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JOHN BARKER, PASTORALIST & PUBLIC SERVANT in VICTORIA

This entire is another example of an inadequately addressed cover that was delivered in the 19th century. It is addressed to Barker Esqr, Clerk of Council, Melbourne and it has an olive-drab 2d ‘Half Length’ stamp of Victoria tied by a Barred Oval ‘2', paying the inland letter rate from Geelong to Melbourne. The reverse was not seen but showed the date of sending and reception of 10 January 1852 (Figure 1).


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JOHN BROWN/ BROUN, ‘COLSTOUN’ UPPER PATERSON, NEAR GRESFORD N.S.W.

The cover has a ‘TWO PENCE’ Sydney Views stamp of New South Wales cancelled with the Barred Numeral ‘55' of Newcastle and it is addressed to John Brown/Broun Esq., Colstoun, Gresford, Upper Paterson (New South Wales) (Figure 1).


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JOHN MACQUARIE ANTILL, MAJ.-GENERAL & THOMAS HORAN, POSTMASTER

Within 10 minutes of seeing this item on E-Bay I was able to identify both the sender and receiver of this unpretentious postcard, a most unusual amount of luck. This N.S.W. postcard with the lilac 1d printed ‘View of Sydney’ stamp is postmarked with a faint barred numeral ‘1237' and it was addressed to J.M. Antill Esq R.O. [Receiving Officer], Picton, N.S.W. There was a faint PICTON/ 1891/ 8 JU/ N.S.W [Type 1D(i), with the year date slug incorrectly placed above the day/month (Figure 1).


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JOSEPH BENSON MATHER, DRAPER, QUAKER, HOBART TOWN, V.D.L.

This indistinct cover front only, introduces an early immigrant to Tasmania. It has a blue VDL imperforate ‘FOUR PENCE’ stamp cancelled by a manuscript three curved strokes and there is also a manuscript applied at the left border by the postmaster ‘Swansea/ 24/11/59'. It is addressed to Joseph Benson Mather, 98 Liverpool Street, Hobart Town (Figure 1).


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JOUBERT & JOUBERT PTY IMPORT & EXPORT & GENERAL AGENTS LTD

The advertising cover has a green stylized motif describing the company, with a circular Joubert & Joubert/ J &J/ PTY LTD and a diamond-shaped IMPORT/ EXPORT & GENERAL AGENTS as well as a return address of 575 Bourke Street Melbourne at the bottom of the envelope. It was addressed to The Superintendent, Manangatang District Hospital. Manangatang, Vic. The green 1d stamp had a roller cancel with a boxed MELBOURNE/ 4 PM/ 7 DEC/ 1936 (?8)/ VICTORIA associated with a slogan ‘CONVERSION / LOAN/ NOW OPEN’ (Figure 1).


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KING SOLOMON MINE, COOLGARDIE, W.A. & THE CLARKE BROTHERS

This Western Australian Post Card is ‘nothing to write home about’ but it serves to introduce the King Solomon Gold Mine, Coolgardie as well as the Clarke brothers. The postcard is poorly addressed to – De Stonly (?) Esq, King Solomon G. M., Coolgardie and the printed brown ‘Postage One Half Penny’ stamp of Western Australia is cancelled with a fine unframed duplex COOLGARDIE/ 2/ AU 18/ 1899/ WESTERN AUSTRALIA, with the W.A. obliterator over the stamp. The receiver of the card was never identified, and the message on the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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KWONG, SING & CO. LTD, GLEN INNES N.S.W. A FAMILY DYNASTY

This cover has been described as very rare by the vendor on account of use of regular postage as postage due. It is addressed to Messrs. Kwong, Sing & Co. Ltd, Grey Street, Glen Innes and the red 2d Kingsford Smith stamp is cancelled with T.P.O 2 NORTH/ UP 21MY31/N.S.W. It has a fine double ring LATE FEE/ 1D/ TO PAY, as well as a green 1d KGV Head stamp cancelled with a purple manuscript between horizontal bars of ‘Postage Due’ (Figure 1).


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LADY JANE SHELLEY, BOSCOMBE PLACE, RINGWOOD HANTS, ENGLAND

The cover was addressed to Lady Shelley, Boscombe, Ringwood-Hants, it has a manuscript ‘per Geelong’ and the purple 6d N.S.W. stamp has two cancellations of the duplex 71/ SP 6/ C/ SYDNEY with a 3-ring oval, vertically placed, N.S.W. obliterator (Figure 1).


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MELBOURNE MAIL to McALPINE FAMILY, NEW BRUNSWICK, B.N.A. 1864 -1924

Six covers from Victoria including one mourning cover were seen on philatelic auction sites, and a seventh was found in my own collection of mourning covers, all addressed to members of the McAlpine family of Queens County, New Brunswick, British North America over a period of 40 years.


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MICHAEL DONAGHY & SONS, ROPE MAKER, GEELONG, ADELAIDE & SYDNEY

The brown-orange advertising cover for M. Donaghy & Sons Pty Ltd, Geelong, manufacturers of Kangaroo Brand Harvest Twine, Rope and Mats. The illustration showed a man, probably a farmer, who was standing on a ‘deck ‘ of 6 mats, and there was a small kangaroo in the background who waved a baton and appeared to be directing a team of four kangaroos in the foreground. At lower right was printed Makers/ of the/ Celebrated/ Kangaroo Brand. It was franked with a KGV one penny ‘Red Head’ Australian stamp cancelled with a roller postmark and the originating post office was just legible as G(EELON)G/ VICTORIA and the date was legible as 16 FE (?19), but there was no slogan incorporated in the roller cancel. The cover was addressed to Messrs Malcolm & Co, Leadenhall St., London, and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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MILO CUDMORE of DUBLIN IRELAND COVER from CAMBOOYA, QLD via H & K PACT

This rather striking cover was sent from Queensland via Melbourne to Milo Cudmore Esq, 112 Leinster Road, Rathmines, Dublin, Ireland and the block of 5 blue ‘TWO PENCE’ stamps are cancelled with Rays ‘120' with a confirming unframed CAMBOOYA/ MY 2/ 1881/ QUEENSLAND alongside (Figure 1).


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MONTAGUE THOMAS NELMES BLUCK. WHAT’S in a NAME?

I was immediately intrigued by the surname in the return address for this Civil and Mechanical Engineer, from Araluen, N.S.W., in spite of the poor quality of the cover. It was addressed to the Manager, Commercial Bank of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas and the pair of the blue ‘Two Pence’ New South Wales stamps were cancelled with a faint ARALUEN/ JY 28/ 1904/ N.S.W postmark with the barred numeral of ‘424' of Araluen. The reverse was not seen. (Figure 1).


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MOSES MOSS COMPANY, MERCHANTS SYDNEY from VAN DIEMEN’S LAND

The entire was franked with a blue 4d imperforate ‘Chalon’ Van Diemen’s Land stamp and there was a framed red GENERAL POST OFFICE/ HOBART TOWN/ [Crown]/ 10 FE 10/ VDL/ 1857 postmark. There was a ms. per ‘Tasmania’ and it was addressed to Moses Moss Esq., Sydney. The reverse was not seen, but the vendor stated that there was a ‘SHIP LETTER SYDNEY FE 19 1857' arrival backstamp. The contents of the letter related to the price of tea (Figure 1).


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OTIS CLAPP, HOMEOPATHIC PHARMACIST, SWEDENBORGIAN & PUBLISHER

There were at least three generations of the Clapp family in the Boston, Mass. area involved in the medical field, but it was a difficult task to find that the firm was involved in Providence, Rhode Island, as suggested by 2 covers addressed to them. This relationship was eventually confirmed by a blue bottle and a single reference that stated: “In 1877 there were 73 homeopathic practitioners in Rhode Island, thirty-seven being in Providence .....On December 1, 1877, Otis Clapp & Son opened a branch establishment in Providence. This is still continued.”

The first cover which attracted my attention was addressed to Otis Clapp & Son, 417 Westminster St., Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America. It had a red on yellow paper 2½d ‘Stamp Duty’ stamp of Victoria postmarked MELBOURNE/ 16 P/ JY 18/ 99. The reverse was not seen and the sender was not identified (Figure 1).


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PAUL T. DIEFENDERFER, ANTHROPOLOGIST, SWAINS ISLANDS & U.S. SAMOA

The cover was addressed to Mr. Paul T. (D)iefenderfer, Supt. Of Education, Pago Pago, Tutuila, American Samoa . The carmine rose 2 cents USA stamp (Scott 690, General Count Casimir Pulaski) was canceled with a double circle PAGO PAGO SAMOA/ MAY/ 15/ 1931 and the top L.H. of the cover had a purple SWAINS ISLAND handstamp with a ms. ‘A.E. Jennings’, as the sender. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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PAVITT FAMILY, U.K., NEW ZEALAND, AUSTRALIA & NORTH BORNEO

The printed to private order wrapper was produced for the TASMANIAN MAIL, HOBART and it had two embossed QV stamps of Tasmania, a pink ‘ONE PENNY’ and an orange ‘HALF PENNY’ incorrectly addressed to Mr. E.A. Pavett (Correct: Pavitt), Sandakan, North Borneo (Figure 1).


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PERRY BROTHERS LTD., BUILDERS’ IRONMONGERY & BRASS FOUNDRY, QLD

This 1915 grey cover has a strip of three red 1d KGV Head stamps cancelled with a roller cancel of BRISBANE/ ( ) 11 15/ QUEENSLAND, and it has a corner advert for PERRY BROTHERS LTD, BRISBANE. It is addressed to The Thomas Laughlin Co., Portland, Maine (Figure 1).


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PFAHLERT’S HOTEL, WYNYARD SQUARE, SYDNEY to BEVERWIJK, HOLLAND

The cover is addressed to C. Th. Moens, Beverwijk, Holland and the receiver has incorrectly added that it was received on 13 Jan. 13. Postage was paid by the green ‘HALF PENCE’ QV stamp and a pair of the red 1d. ‘Shield’ stamps of New South Wales. The stamps are postmarked with two EPPING/ 13 DE 11/ N.S.W (a suburb of Sydney) (Figure 1).


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RICHARD ERNEST MINCHIN (1831-1893), ADELAIDE ZOOLOGICAL DIRECTOR

A cover posted to R.E. Minchin Esqr, Government Offices, Adelaide had a strip of three dull violet Two Pence Victoria Laureates with four copies of the Melbourne duplex, MELBOURNE/ 2 C/ DC 1/ 68 as well as a reception postmark an unframed G.P.O/ K/ DE 4/ 68/ ADELAIDE. The reverse, not seen had no postal markings (Figure 1).


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ROBERT ROBERTSON'S LETTERS to his FATHER & BROTHER in SCOTLAND

Within one week I found three stampless entires from three different sources sent by the same soldier in two different Australian colonies to his family in Scotland, spanning the years 1845 to 1856. The covers will be described in order of the dates, from earliest to latest, rather than in the order of their researching.


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ROBERT ANDREW MATHER & CO., LIVERPOOL ST., HOBART, DRAPERS

The Commonwealth of Australia Letter Card had a black 1d KGV printed stamp and the postmark date and place from where it had been sent could not be read. It was addresses to Andrew Mather & Co., Liverpool St., Hobart Tasmania (Figure 1).


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ROBERT JAMIESON, BOLAC PLAINS, WARRNDOO, NEAR LAKE BOLAC

The blue cover has a pink ‘TWO PENCE’ embossed QV stamp of Victoria cancelled with a duplex BALLAARAT/ 7Y/ DE 19/ 72 with the barred numeral ‘5', the fourth duplex which has a distinctive long top bar of the ‘5', and the spelling with 3 ‘A’s’ in Ballarat. This is a late recorded date for Freeman & White state on p. 76 that this spelling was in place from the end of 1869 until the middle of 1872. The cover was addressed to Robt Jamieson, Esq, Bolac Plains, Woorndoo, via Lake Bolac. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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RUTLEDGE PIONEER FAMILY, WILLIAM &THOMAS, BRUSH FARM P’MATTA

The cover is addressed to Mrs Thomas Rutledge, Brush Farm, Parramatta and the blue 2d QV ‘Laureate’ Plate 1 stamp of New South Wales is cancelled with a ms. ‘37' of Bungendore, N.S.W. The cover is said to be unique by the vendor (Figure 1).


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S. BENJAMIN, TEMPLE HOUSE, HOBART TASMANIA

Two covers destined for Tattersalls came up on Ebay auctions, both addressed to S. Benjamin Esq. at Temple House, Hobart. Both showed the presence of a filing hole and one showed the tell-tale lilac label, usually applied by Tattersalls on receipt. The first showed two 2d Victoria stamps cancelled by two barred numerals ‘836' of Whitfield, Victoria with an additional framed WHITFIELD/ OC 20/ 05/ VICTORIA, and there was a transit mark of Ballarat on the reverse, not shown (Figure 1).


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SYDNEY to PROF. COLLIER COBB, GEOLOGIST, CHAPEL HILL N.C.

The blue 2½d New South Wales stamp is cancelled with a duplex SYDNEY/ MR 6/ 3.45.PM/ 01/ 12 with the barred N.S.W obliterator and it is addressed to Prof. Collier Cobb, Umiversity of N. Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C. U.S.A. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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TASMANIAN REVENUE STAMP COVER to HIRAM HILLER Jr., KAHOKA MISSOURI

This taxed Tasmanian cover has a 6d platypus revenue stamp which has the barred numeral ‘61' of Latrobe as well as the unframed LATROBE/APR 25/ 83/ TASMANIA postmark. It was posted to Hiram Hiller Jr. Esq, Kahoka, Clark County, Missouri, United States America. There is a manuscript ‘Via Sanfrancisco and a black handstamp U.S. CHARGE/ TO COLLECT/ 5 CENTS, and there is a part US duty stamp folded over from the reverse (Figure 1).


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THE BRANSON FAMILY of BINDA N.S.W.: FROM LACE to WOOL

Prologue: The appearance of 17 covers at one Australian philatelic website sparked my interest in the Branson family. The amount of information concerning this family on the Internet was surprisingly minimal, considering what was eventually learnt from a local source. All 17 covers were addressed to family members at Binda N.S.W. over a period of 29 years, from 1883 until 1912, and unfortunately no letters were still enclosed. The stamps on the covers were very ordinary and the postmarking was relatively unexciting, but the addresses, addressees and senders hinted at a story worth reporting.


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THE EARLY SETTLERS & HISTORY of CHARCOAL CREEK, UNANDERRA N.S.W.

I have been intrigued in the past 10 years by Australian postmarks, particularly those of my native State of New South Wales. In part this is due to the fact that I dropped Australian history and geography from my early studies in Sydney and I am now playing ‘Catch-Up’ by looking out for places that interest me. This common red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp of N.S.W. had the earliest postmark known as ‘Rays’ with the numeral canceller ‘292' of Type 3a, which was used as the stamp obliterator. The 4-volume ‘bible’ of N.S.W. postmarks of N.C. Hopson & R. Tobin shows in volume 1, page C-14 that this is attributed to Charcoal Creek, with the following entry: CHARCOAL CREEK 5k from Wollongong, the post office opened 1.10.1860 with a postmaster named W. Russell, and its name was changed to Unanderra on 7 April 1881. After the Rays ‘292', a postmark of Type 1A was used with ‘CHARCOAL’ from 1863-66; followed by Type 1A ‘CHARCOAL CREEK’ from 1875-?, prior to being cancelled ‘UNANDERRA’. The ‘Shield’ stamp cancelled ‘292' and the CHARCOAL/ JY 5/ 1866/ N.S.W, Type 1A postmark, are seen in Figures 1 & 2.


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THE RESCH BROTHERS, EDMUND, RICHARD & EMIL: RESCH’S BREWERIES

I have been intrigued by printed to private order (P.T.P.O.) covers and postcards, particularly those that have a ‘collar’ of advertising matter around the printed stamp, and I have noted that this format is seen particularly in the companies that sell alcohol. The Resch name is well known to most Australians in relation to breweries. Both of the two P.T.P.O. covers do not show the Resch name on the front, but advertise WATSON’S DUNDEE WHISKIES, and the printed blue 2d N.S.W. stamp is not centrally printed in it’s ‘collar’ and has an indecipherable ‘Rays’ cancellation. The cover is addressed to a client in Blayney, N.S.W. (Figure 1).


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THE SMYTHE BROTHERS, HENRY & GEORGE, SURVEYORS IN VICTORIA

The cover is addressed to H.W.H. Smythe Esq. J.P., Commissioner of Crown Lands, Murray District, Broken River, Sidney Road and it was sent by Saml Watson, June 30/(18)46. There is a fine MELBOURNE/ [crown]/ JU 30/ 1846/ PORT PHILLIP postmark, a red manuscript 1/8 rating as well as red boxed PAID AT/ MELBOURNE. The reverse was not seen and the vendor supplied the following information: "The Broken River crosses the (present day) Hume Highway (Sidney Road) near the town of Benalla, Victoria (Figure 1).


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THOMAS PROUDFOOT’S BOATHOUSE on HOPKINS RIVER, WARRNAMBOOL

The postcard displays a colourful scene on the Hopkins River with the beflagged boathouse, the boats at moorings, with much people activity in the foreground (Figure 1).


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TIN CAN ISLAND MAIL, TONGA to MASTER W.M. SCRYMGOUR, ADELAIDE

Philatelically inspired mail of this type is not uncommon, but this cover is somewhat unusual for the addressee is a good starting point for researching a family that was associated with a printing company that had a history of 100 years, from 1875 to 1975. The front is adorned with a total of four hand-struck stampings, one in black script, another in green made up of three parts, a purple circular and also a purple 2-line strike. Although the black script states that it was put in the sea on the 11th August 1938, the only legible part of the cancel is a ‘25' on the blue 2½d ‘TOGA’ Queen Salote stamp, issued in 1934. The cover is addressed to Master W.M. Scrymgour, C/o Messrs. Scrymgour & Sons, 115 King Wm. Street, Adelaide, S.A. (Figure 1).


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TOBLERONE: JOHAN J. TOBLER & HIS 3 CHILDREN: THEODOR, EMIL & MARTHA

The registered cover has a blue Bourke St. East C1 Victoria label and it is addressed to The Manager de Tobler & Co. S. ft., fabrique de Chocolat, Berne Suisse, Switzerland. The purple-brown 6d small laughing kookaburra stamp is canceled BOURKE ST EAST/ 25 FE 38/ VIC (Figure 1).


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W.H. SCHMALZ, MAYOR, BERLIN ONTARIO, PHILATELIST, BUSINESS MAN

The postcard was addressed to W.H. Schmalz Esqre, Secretary, Economical Insurance Co., Berlin, Ontario, Canada and it had a blue 2½d ‘Swan’ stamp of Western Australia with 2 cancellations, a duplex PERTH/ 1/ AP 10/ 01/ W-A with a barred obliterator GPO/ D, as well as a SHIP MAIL ROOM/ 1/ AP 10/ 01/ PERTH. WA (Figure 1).


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W.J. CRYER & CO., COMMERCIAL & ART PRINTERS, REDFERN, SYDNEY

This cover has a colourful and stylized advertisement for W.J. Cryer & Co. Pty. Ltd. Commercial & Art Printers, 99 Marriott St, Redfern (Sydney). It has a green 1½d QE stamp with a roller cancel of REDFERN/ 5 30 PM/ 11 OCT/ 1946/ N.S.W. AUST. with a slogan SEND MONEY/ BY POSTAL NOTE/ OR MONEY ORDER. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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WALCH & SONS, STATIONERS HOBART, TASMANIA & TATTERSALL’S (2)

This is the second paper about Walch & Sons, stationers, but with particular reference to the close relationship to the Tattersalls Lottery of Charles Edward Walch. The cover is addressed to Messrs. Walch & Sons, Stationers, Hobart, Tasmania. The pair of the ‘ONE PENN Y/ POSTAGE’ stamp of Victoria is cancelled by an UP TRAIN/ MG 3/ NO 15/ 05/ VICTORIA (the Bendigo line) and much of the purple "Tattersall" Hobart label has been left intact. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM CAMERON BROS. & CO. LIMITED to E.F. WEDLICH, TOBACCONIST

The Post Card is addressed to Mr. E.F. Wedlich, Tobacconist, Ballarat and it has the printed brown ‘Reading One Penny’ stamp of Victoria which is cancelled with MELBOURNE/ 23 A/ MR 12/ 98 postmark (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM JAMES FARRER, WHEAT BREEDER & SURVEYOR

This O.H.M.S. cover was sent from the Hawkesbury Agricultural College, Richmond, 27-3-1904 to W. Farrer Esq, Wheat Experimentalist, Lambrigg, Tharwa Via Queanbeyan (NSW).  The blue 2d N. S.W. stamp is perfinned OS/ NSW and it has an illegible ‘Rays’ cancel, probably numeral ‘4' of the originating Richmond N.S.W.   In addition there is a RICHMOND/ MR 28/ 1904/ N.S.W , as well as a reception postmark of THARWA/ MR 29/ 1904/ N.S.W  .  There is also a transit postmark of GRANVILLE/ MR  28/ 1904/ N.SW, all three being Type 1D (i) (Figure 1). 


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WILLIAM THOMAS MOLLISON J. P., PYALONG, KILMORE, VICTORIA

The entire is addressed to W.T. Mollison Esq J. P., Pyalong, Kilmore and the 1853 Ham printing Queen on Throne violet-brown (S.G. 18b) has the ‘1/V Barred Oval’ of Melbourne cancel and a reception postmark of KILMORE/ AP 12/ (----)/ VICTORIA (Figure 1).


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WUNDERLICH BROTHERS: ERNEST (1859-1945), FREDERICK (1861-1951) & ALFRED (1865-1966)

This advertising cover for Wunderlich Durabestos, Asbestos-Cement Building Sheets, The Ideal Lining for Exterior Walls, Interior Walls, Partitions, Ceilings, Gable Ends, Eaves, Soffets was sent in 1934 from Wunderlich Limited, Perth to the Comptroller of Stores, W.A. Government Railways, Midland Junction (Western Australia), with a Perth 2d meter cancel (Figure 1).


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LADY JANE SHELLEY, BOSCOMBE PLACE, RINGWOOD HANTS, ENGLAND

The cover was addressed to Lady Shelley, Boscombe Place, Ringwood-Hants, England, and it has a manuscript ‘per Geelong’ and the purple 6d N.S.W. stamp has two cancellations of the duplex 71/ SP 6/ C/ SYDNEY with a 3-ring oval, vertically placed, N.S.W. obliterator (Figure 1).


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