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ARTS AND ARTISTS

ADA JEMIMA CROSSLEY, 1871 - 1929, “AUSTRALIA’S NIGHTINGALE”

This postcard has two N.S.W. stamps, the ½d green and 1d. red and they are postmarked with a faint Sydney suburb MARRICKVILLE/ AU 7/ 10 PM/ 04/ N.S.W duplex cancel. The SYDNEY/ AU 8/ 5.30-AM/ 04/ 43 duplex confirms the former date. The postcard is addressed to a Honolulu, Hawaii address (Figure 1)


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ALBERT & SON MUSIC STORE ADVERTISING COVER

This advertising cover "From Albert & Son, Largest Stores in Australia, Head Office 137 & 139 King St. Sydney" is in a pale dull green print, shows a picture of a three level store and on the front of its awning 'ALBERTS MUSIC STORES SYDNEY'. A total of 2½d NSW stamps are attached and postmarked with 2 copies of SYDNEY/ FE 22/ 11-A-M/ 04/ 10 N.S.W duplex. It is addressed to Mr. Sam Davis, Music Jobber, 6 Eddy-street, SAN FRANCISCO, Cal (Figure 1).


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ALBERT (BERT) EDWARD BAILEY, (‘DAD RUDD’), ACTOR, THEATRE MANAGER

This postcard, with photo by Eden, Melb, probably shows Bert Bailey as a man of 39, and it has a ms. 16/8/07. I use ‘probably’ that this was ‘The Bert Bailey’ for it hardly resembles the picture of the man presented to Australians in his heyday, and the National Library of Australia had no other 'out-of-character’ pictures, with which to compare it (Figure 1).


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ALBERT HENRY FULLWOOD (1863-1930), ARTIST

This illustrated cover has two N.S.W. lilac 1d ‘View of Sydney’ stamps, postmarked with the duplex SYDNEY/ AP 4/ 11-AM/ 95/ 32 with the N.S.W obliterator. It is addressed to Mrs Bradford, "Hillside", Lower Sandy Bay, Hobart. The cover shows a black ink sketch of a man peering through a telescope, steps, and a sailing boat with 4 men watching the scene (Figure 1).


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ANZAC CLUB CINDERELLA, NEW YORK & ACTOR NOLA LUXFORD (1895-1994)

This item is regarded as a cinderella, a stamp-like creature with no postal validity.  Such items are not infrequently applied to the front, but more often to the reverse of a posted envelope mostly for its decorative appeal.  There is not a skerrick of postal history interest in a mint copy such as this, but the fact I have never seen a copy before, and that there is a real Social Philately appeal, is the reason why I felt I had to relate the story behind the cinderella.


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ARCHIBALD JOHN (“JACK”) PEAKE, WATERCOLOUR and PEN & INK ARTIST

First Day Covers (F.D.C.) are not usually interesting to me, but these three (of more than ten covers by the same artist) were of interest on account of the water colour illustrations by a South Australian artist, that they range from 1948 until 1971, and they were all self-addressed. The first was postmarked KAROONDA/ 9A 15 NO 48/ STH.AUST. on the 2½d red Scout stamp, and was addressed to Mr A.J. Peake, Karoonda, S. Australia (Figure 1).


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AUSTRALIAN CONNECTION: KATHERINE HEPBURN, SHAKESPEARE
and SIR ROBERT HELPMANN

These two fan mail covers to Miss Katherine Hepburn in the mid 1930s predate the interesting Australian  connection in the title of this paper by two decades.  The first cover is addressed to her at Radio Pictures Studio, 780 Gower Street, Hollywood, California and the blue 3d Aboriginal stamp is cancelled VICTORIA ESTATE/ 14 OC 34/ QUEENSLAND (Figure 1).


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BARONESS SOPHIE ADLERSPARRE, SWEDISH FEMINIST, WRITER & EDITOR

The cover was addressed to Baroness Leijonhoufud (sic), Allerton, The Drive, Hove, England and it was redirected with a ms. Nissafors, Sweden. There is a blue crayon tax marking as well as a tax handstamp of a ‘T’ in a hexagon. The 2 copies of the 1d pink QV stamp of Victoria are canceled with a MELBOURNE/ 10/ 9–A 20 MY 08/ VICTORIA postmark. There is a reception cancel at HOVE B.O./ 5.45 PM/ JU 23/ O8/ BRIGHTON (Figure 1).
 


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BERNARD PATRICK O’DOWD, PUBLIC SERVANT, PROMINENT POET, EDITOR & ANARCHIST

This bland cover is addressed to an exciting man, Mr. B. O’Dowd, Supreme Court Library, Melbourne and the pink "ONE PENNY’ stamp of Victoria is cancelled MG 11/ AP 14/ 04/ VICTORIA (Figure 1).


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CAPTAIN EDWARD CHARLES FROME, ROYAL ENGINEERS (1802-1890)

The cover is stampless with a manuscript ‘8' crossed-out with a manuscript PM’s endorsement of ‘P.O/Clare’ and a manuscript ‘O.P. Service’ with a postmark of G.P.O ADELAIDE/[crown]/ MA 6/ 1849/ SOUTH AUST. and it is addressed to Captain Frome R.E., Victoria Square (Figure 1).


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DAME ELLEN TERRY, "ALL THE RAGE DOWN HERE" MELBOURNE 9 MR 1907

This post card raises at least two questions, the first being: Was Master Walter Jansen of Maryborough, Victoria enamored of receiving a postcard from his sister of a future Shakespearian actress Dame?; and, did Ellen Terry perform on the stage in Melbourne in 1907? I can’t answer for sure in regards to the first question, but at present, after an intensive search of the extensive writings concerning Ellen Terry, I could find that she was in Australia only in the years 1914-1915.

The postcard had a single pink ‘ONE PENNY, POSTAGE’ stamp of Victoria clearly dated MELBOURNE/ 11/ 1-P 9MR07/ VICTORIA, and it was addressed to Master W. Jansen, Bourke St., Maryborough, Vic. The message read "Dear Waler (sic) I hope that you will like this PC. Ellen Terry is all the rage down here. Tell mother to send my handkercheefs (sic) as I want them very bad. Love to all (Signature illegible) (Figure 1).


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DOLLY CASTLES, SOPRANO: BENDIGO GIRL MAKES GOOD OVERSEAS

The postcard had been produced from a photograph taken by W. Vincent Kelly of Bendigo, Victoria shows a demure Dolly Parsons as Phyllis in Iolanthe (Figure 1).


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DOLORES COSTELLO, a.k.a. DOLORES COSTELLO BARRYMORE [USA]

A very ordinary cover, with no postal history value, has a pair of red 1½d KGV heads cancelled with an ADELAIDE/ 5 AM/16 JLY/1928/ SOUTH AUSTRALIA postmark (Figure 1).


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EDWARD MOULTON BARRETT & ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING, POET

This July 12 1852 entire to England ‘pr Andromache’ has the ‘Half-Length’ 3d blue QV stamp of Victoria [SG 7] with an illegible Barred Numeral, and it has a rating in black ink of ‘8'. It is addressed to E.M. Barrett who was of a family with a large land holding in Jamaica, and was a rum merchant, but more importantly the father of the English poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning (Figure 1).


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ELEANOR (NELLIE) TOWZEY STEWART, WOOLOOMOOLOO BORN ACTRESS

The postcard has two stamps of N.S.W. heavily cancelled with a duplex SYDNEY/ JA 24/ NOON/ 05/ 44 with the N.S.W obliterator. It was addressed to Vancouver, Canada with a manuscript. Per R.M.S. Moama, and it had an arrival postmark of VANCOUVER/ 7/ FE 16/ 05/ B.C. (Figure 1).


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ENRICO CARUSO: POSTCARD FROM SYDNEY to MILAN, REDIRECTED to ROME

This taxed New South Wales postcard has the red printed 1d ‘Arms’ stamp canceled with the duplex SYDNEY/ DE 30/ 3 45 P.M/ 02/ 44 with the barred N.S.W obliterator. It is addressed to Signor Cav. Enrico Caruso, 1 Via Velasca, Milan Italy, and is redirected simply to ‘Roma’. It has a ‘shield’ N.S.W/ T/ 5' tax handstamp, with the red 10 centesimi Italian postage due stamp, which is cancelled with an illegible Milan postmark. There is a ms. blue crayon ‘6', a black oval ‘135' as well as a black oval ‘230' (Figure 1).


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ERROL LESLIE THOMSON FLYNN, AUSTRALIAN ACTOR /PLAYBOY (1909-1959) USA]

This unpretentious cover is addressed to Mr. Errol Flynn, c/- Warner Bros Film Studios, Culver City, California, U.S.A. and it bears a copy of the blue 3½d KGVI stamp, postmarked with a roller cancel with a boxed SYDNEY/ 25 OCT/ 1946 and LIFE IS PRECIOUS/ HELP/ TO PREVENT/ ACCIDENTS, a warning unheeded in the actor’s life (Figure 1).


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F.A. PACKER, HOUSE of ASSEMBLY, HOBART (1839-1902)

This illustrated humorous cover was addressed to F.A. PACKER ESQ, House of Assembly, and was stamped with the 1d sideface which was postmarked with a duplex HOBART/ SE 24/ (18)82. The illustration is quite complex and the key figure is a large plump screaming baby, associated with a basin of boiling water, a candle stick, a book of sketches with one sketch lying on the ground, and the fleeing legs of a man. The address is highly stylized with multiple thin streamers and there may be a pipe at extreme left and possibly a long cigarette holder at the fleeing man's feet. The artist is not identified and the meaning of sketch is open for discussion. The vendor gives his interpretation as "an amusing satirical illustration of a famous Packer 'dummy-spit'", a term unbeknownst to me. I am assured it is an Australian colloquial term, interpreted by the Macquarie Dictionary as to throw a tantrum, deriving from the image of a baby spitting out its dummy when it is feeling cantankerous (Figure 1).


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FRANCIS HUMPHREY WILLIAM WOOLRYCH, ARTIST [USA]

This mourning cover postmarked Croydon/ 14 AP 08 10 30 AM/ N.S.W. on the blue-green ½d (Scott #109) and the blue 2d (Scott #111) stamps and was addressed to F. Humphrey Woolrych Esqre/ Artist/ 3855 Hartford St./ St. Louis Mo/ U.S.A. (Figure 1)


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FRANK ST. LEGER, CONDUCTOR & PIANO ACCOMPANIST to NELLIE MELBA

This cover was entered on Ebay because of its prominent roller cancel of BRITISH EMPIRE EXHIBITION/ ALWAYS ASK FOR/ AUSTRALIAN PRODUCTS with a circular MELBOURNE/ 24 SE–11-P/ 1924 postmark on the blue 3d KGV Head stamp. It was addressed to Frank St. Leger Esqr., c/o Chicago Civic Opera Assocn, Auditorium Theatre, Chicago Ill. USA. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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FRIEDRICH CHARLES KRICHAUFF, STAMP COLLECTOR, PHOTOGRAPHER & ARCHITECT

This unusually addressed cover apparently found its way into the hands of the addressee, F.C. Krichauff, Esq, Stamp Collector, South Australia, in spite of the inadequate address. The ½ anna green embossed stamp from India was up-rated with a blue 2 anna stamp of India, and both were cancelled with the squared circle BOMBAY/ F/ AP 2/ (18)97. The reverse, not seen by me, had Tuticorin, India and Colombo, Ceylon transits and an Adelaide, S.A. receiver mark (Figure 1).


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GEORGE LEAVIS ALLAN, MUSIC DEALER, PUBLISHER & TEACHER (1826-1897

Two covers with faint identical background advertising were found, both addressed to Germany and having similar but different travelling post office postmarks, were found. The first had 3 stamps of Victoria, the green-blue ½d ‘bantam’, the green 6d and the pink 1d, cancelled with 2 copies of the double circle ENGLISH MAIL T.P.O./ OUT/ 24 MA 09/ ---- postmark. The second’s background advertising was somewhat more legible and advertised Allan & Co. Proprietary Limited , Melbourne Pianofortes, American Organs, Band Instruments and Music. It had the combination franking of the 2d grey Kangaroo on Map of Australia and the 3d orange Victoria stamp, both postmarked with the double circle ENGLISH MAIL T.P.O./ OUT/ 10 JL 13/ -----/ VICTORIA. The poor clarity of both covers made reproduction of the covers not worthwhile.

A third cover was satisfactory and it also advertised Allan & Co, Importers of Pianofortes, American Organs, Band Instruments and Music and the lilac ‘TWO PENCE’ and ‘THREE PENCE’ QV stamps of Victoria were both canceled MELBOURNE/ PM/ 5/ 22-3-05/ 5. The cover was addressed to Messrs Mermod Freres, Ste. Croix, Switzerland, a firm of watchmakers and music boxes. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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GERTIE MILLAR, LONDON THEATRE QUEEN & WILLIAM HUMBLE DUDLEY

The postcard has a red 1d ‘Pictorial’ stamp of Tasmania which has a BISHOPSBOURNE/ OC 17/ 05/ TASMANIA postmark. It is addressed to Miss Heyes, "View Bank",Evandale, Tasmania, and the message is of no special interest (Figure 1).


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GRISHA GOLUBOFF, ANOTHER VIOLIN PRODIGY 1919-2002 [USA]

This redirected cover reveals an interesting glimpse at yet another American violinist prodigy who performed around the world with a short visit to Australia at the age of twenty. It is addressed to Grisha Goluboff Esq. and there is a re-direct label from the downtown Wentworth Hotel Sydney to the Australian Broadcasting Company, Market Street, City with a further re-direct to C/- Australian ( ) Theatres , 51 Castlereagh St., Sydney. The red 2d KGVI stamp is postmarked at a suburb of Sydney: LIDCOMBE/ 915P- 13 AP 39/ N.S.W. [Type 2C(T) 1936-49] (Figure 1).


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GUSTAVE M. NEYMARK, ARTIST, PARIS, REGISTERED LETTER from SYDNEY

The registered envelope has a single copy of both the blue 2d and green ½d QV stamps of New South Wales which are postmarked with the duplex WILLIAM STREET/ MR 22/ 12-30 P.M./ 99/ N.S. W with the barred numeral ‘697'. In addition there are 2 copies of a large’R’ handstamp and a blue crayon ‘556', as well as a double ringed red PARIS/ 28 AVRIL/ 99 reception postmark. It was addressed to Monsieur Gustave Neymark, artiste-peintre, 12 rue Blanche, Paris, France (Figure 1).


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HARRY ST. MAUR, COMEDY ACTOR & PRODUCER, AUTHOR & LITERATEUR

This cover is difficult to interpret on several counts, from the name of the ship in which it sailed ‘via Brindisi’ to London, the crossing out of the New York City address, the readdressing, as well as the unusual postmarking of the Victorian stamps. All four were cancelled by a possible large figure ‘1' as a barred numeral of Melbourne, but this is largely eliminated as they do not resemble any large ‘1' numeral seen in the’bible’ of Hugh Freeman & Geoff White’s The Numeral cancellations of Victoria, 2001). The more likely possibility is that it is a very worn large ‘R’ which confirms that it was sent registered to the USA via London. The best example of this possible ‘R’ cancellation is seen on the right hand stamp of the ‘ONE PENNY’ orange pair of ‘Reading’ stamps. The 2 additional stamps were the pink ‘HALF-PENNY’ and the bistre ‘THREE PENCE’, a total of 5½d postage. It was addressed to Harry St. Maur Esqr.,Lambs Club, 34 W. 26 th St., New York City and there was a ‘(FOR)warded’ handstamp, as well as a red ms, ‘Troy’. There is a purple oval handstamp with REGISTERED/(-)/19 DE 9(-) /LONDON. In addition there is also a handstruck purple datestamp JAN 25 1892 (Figure 1)


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HEINZ TICHAUER (HENRY TALBOT), FAMOUS AUSTRALIAN PHOTOGRAPHER

This tattered registered Bolivian cover revealed a remarkable history of a Jewish man, born in Germany, interned in England, transported to Australia on His Majesty’s Transport ‘Dunera’, who first became an alien internee in Hay, N.S.W., then an Australian army employee in World War 2, followed by a non-combatant Australian Army private. He became one of four famous immigrant German photographers who shipped to Australia during WW2. Heinz Tichauer became known as Henry Talbot probably at the time of his Australian naturalization probably in 1945, and he specialized in fashion photography, portraits and advertising. I was so intrigued by this man’s story that I contacted an unknown woman living in the U.S.A., by email and within 24 hours I received an email from Henry’s son, Neale Talbot, who lives in Hong Kong. Imagine my surprise!

The cover was sent by Heinz’s father, Max Tichauer of ‘La Exquisita’ in Cochabamba, Bolivia and it had a pencilled ‘Certificado’ (Certified) as well as the 3 Bolivian stamps, a single blue 20 Bolivianos and a pair of brown 240 Bolivianos stamps postmarked ‘SERVICIO AEREO’. There was a printed ‘Correo Aereo’ and the address in black ink was: service No V377568/ Heinz Tichauer/ 8th Aust. Emp. Co./ Home Forces Camp Pel( ), Australia and a new address was added in red ink ‘EAST ALBURY NSW (Figure 1).


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HERMITAGE HOTEL, MOUNT COOK, TIMARU, NEW ZEALAND, REDIRECT

The red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp of New South Wales is canceled with a roller postmark of MELBOURNE/ 11.JAN.13 and it was addressed to J. Colin Ronald Esqre, Melbourne and is redirected in red ink to G.P.O. AUCKLAND (Figure 1).


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HUGO WERTHEIM'S SEWING MACHINES & HAPSBURG PIANOS

The advertising cover for Wertheim’s Wonderful Sewing Machines, Hapsburg Pianos and Electra Cycles has a pair of the purple 2d South Australia stamp postmarked ADELAIDE/ 5/ MY 26/ 3.30 PM/ 02, and it is addressed to Hobart, Tasmania (Figure 1).


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IDA OUTHWAITE, CHILDREN’S BOOKS AUTHOR, ILLUSTRATOR & POET

The postcard has a pink 1d stamp of Victoria which is canceled with a roller postmark MELBOURNE/ VICTORIA/ 1907, and it is addressed to Forest Hill, London S.E.  The message was about New Year greetings (Figure 1).


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J.W. PLOOS VAN AMSTEL & Co., MELBOURNE, SENT to FRANCE

This difficult to date early stampless cover (stated to be 1862 by vendor) was sent from Melbourne to a company in Tarnac near Cognac, France with a manuscript ‘via Marseille’.  It had a black ‘18' and a red possibly ‘4' ratings with two additional postmarks, one a boxed red GB ‘diamond’ and the other a red Marseille double circle transit postmark.  The sender was identified by a blue J.W. PLOOS VAN AMSTEL & CO handstamp.  The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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JAMES CHARLES WILSON NICHOLSON, MUSIC PUBLISHER, NICHOLSON & CO.

Two identical rose on buff Victoria 1885 1d ‘Naish’ Stamp Duty Post Cards issued on 1 January 1885 were posted to the same musical firm, Nicholson & Co. in September and October 1885 with requests for sheet music.  Nicholson was a contemporary of music dealer, George Leavis Allan, but Nicholson is less known to-day.  The first postcard is addressed to Mr. Von Geyer, Nicholson’s & Co., Melbourne and is postmarked with the 4th duplex GEELONG/ 1 (?)/ SE 17/ 85 with BN 2.  As well the sender is identified as Knowles, Geelong and there is a reception postmark MELBOURNE/ (?) X/ SE 17/  85 (Figure 1).


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JAMES ERSKINE CALDER , SURVEYOR of TASMANIA & SERJEANT-AT-ARMS

The cover is addressed to J. E. Calder Esq, Surveyor General, Hobarton. At the left hand border there is a manuscript ‘Swansea 1861', and there is a vertical pair of the imperforate slate green Van Diemens Land (1860 printing) canceled with the second allocation BN ‘94', paying the 4d per ½ oz. inland letter rate. There is a red handstrike of PRE-PAID/ 21 MY 21/ 1861 on arrival at Hobart. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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JANET GAYNOR, AMERICAN FILM STAR, FIRST IMAGE ON AUSTRALIAN T.V. [USA]

This somewhat battered cover was sent to Miss J. Gaynor, C/- United Artists, Hollywood, California and has a roller cancel on the green 1d Queen Elizabeth and the red 2d KGVI stamps, ASHFIELD/ 945 AM/ 19 JUL/ 1941 with the slogan MINIMUM LETTER/ RATE TO U.S.A. 3D/ ADDRESSEE PAYS/ DOUBLE/ DEFICIENCY. In addition there was a delay in sending as shown by the handstruck ASHFIELD/ 22 JL (41)/ N.S.W cancel. The probable reason for the delay was because of a purple boxed instruction: RETURNED FOR/ ADDITIONAL POSTAGE/ ( )ORT PAID 1d (in pencil)/ Postal Department/ Cmwlth of Australia, which has been pencilled out, perhaps when the slogan was read by the postal authorities, and the letter was sent on its way (Figure 1).


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KARL LEWIS, AMERICAN PAINTER & PHOTOGRAPHER, BASED in JAPAN

This colorful hand-painted cover by the renowned artist Karl Lewis has the green 1d, orange 2d and chocolate 1½d KGV heads with the C of A watermark, postmarked with two NORFOLK ISLAND/ 30 SP 38/ AUST postmarks, addressed to Toledo, Oregon U.S.A. In a recent auction it has an estimate of AUD 1,000 placed on it (Figure 1).


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LADY JANE SHELLEY, BOSCOMBE PLACE, RINGWOOD HANTS, ENGLAND

The cover was addressed to Lady Shelley, Boscombe, Ringwood-Hants, it has a manuscript ‘per Geelong’ and the purple 6d N.S.W. stamp has two cancellations of the duplex 71/ SP 6/ C/ SYDNEY with a 3-ring oval, vertically placed, N.S.W. obliterator (Figure 1).


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LADY RODWELL, WIFE of a FORMER GOVERNOR of SOUTHERN RHODESIA

This envelope was addressed to Lady Rodwell, C/o The Forum Club, Grosvenor St., London, W.1, England and was readdressed to 82 Avenue Rd, Regents Park, NW 3. The sender was The Melbourne Little TheatrE. There was a manuscript ‘ALL AIR ROUTE’ and the 1/ 6d ‘Hermes’ air mail stamp was postmarked SHIP MAIL ROOM/ 1-P 8 DE 34/ MELBOURNE as well as by a LONDON arrival postmark. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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LYDIA YEAMANS-TITUS & LESLIE HARRIS, SOCIETY ENTERTAINERS

This postcard with the bluish green Half Penny stamp of New South Wales was postmarked with the duplex WILLIAM STREET/ FE 20/ 12- ( )PM/ 06/ N.S.W and the numeral ‘697', and also had a MORE TO PAY/ 1D / [maltese cross] handstamp.  It was addressed to Andrew Smart Esq, “Weekly Mail”, Wellington, New Zealand.  The printed advertising matter reads: Opera House, Wellington,  commencing Saturday, Sept 22 1906   Prices:  3/-, 2/-, 1/-   BOX PLAN AT HOLLIDAY’S (Figure 1).


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MAGGIE STIRLING, POSTCARD from BENALLA VIC. to HOBART 'PILLAR RECEIVERS' P'MK

The postcard had a pink 1d QV stamp of Victoria, cancelled with BENALLA/ 21 DE 05/ VICTORIA, and it was addressed to Hobart and readdressed to Launceston. At the original address it was postmarked HOBART/ P.R / 7 - -A 27. DE. 05/ TASMANIA The message of good wishes for Christmas and New Year was of no particular significance and of no relevance as regards the picture on the reverse (Figure 1).


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MAUD EVELYN CRAVEN JEFFRIES, ACTOR, with STRONG AUSTRALIAN CONNECTION [USA]

The address side of this postcard has the N.S.W. red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp postmarked with a duplex NEWCASTLE/OC 11/ 12.15 P.M./05/ N.S.W with the barred numeral ‘55', and it was sent to a Hobart, Tasmania address (Figure 1).


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MESSRS MERMOD FRERES, SWITZERLAND from ALLAN & CO., MELBOURNE

The faint yellow advertising cover for Allan & Co., Importers of Pianofortes, American Organs, Band Instruments and Music has a lilac ‘TWO PENCE’ and an orange ‘THREE PENCE’ QV stamps of Victoria cancelled by a MELBOURNE/ 5/ PM/ 22-3-05/ 5 cancel on both stamps and it is addressed to Messrs Mermod Freres, Ste Croix, Switzerland. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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MINNIE TITTELL BRUNE, MOST POPULAR ACTRESS IN AUSTRALIA in 1904-09 [USA]

This postcard was sent from BRIGHTON STATION/ SP 7/ (19)08/ TASMANIA to Elizabeth Street, Hobart and the personal message was of no consequence (Figure 1).


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MOABIT, BERLIN: MULTIPLE POSTCARDS from MELBOURNE to HERMANN BURCHARDT

Two ‘POST CARD/ FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM/ By the long sea route’ produced in 1889 in Victoria with the ‘TWO PENCE/ STAMP DUTY’ stamp were sent to Germany in 1891 from, the same individual to the same addressee. The ‘long sea route’ referred to the fact that the card was transmitted totally by the sea route to Britain, and it was less expensive than the ‘THREE PENCE’ green post card issued at the same time for the carriage by the faster, overland route from Brindisi, Italy to Britain.

Geoff Kellow in his ‘Stamps of Victoria’ in 1990 wrote (p. 363) about this 2d card: "Although common in mint condition, postally used examples of the card in the correct period are very scarce, as they were very little used by the public." He then goes on to say that the above-mentioned "3d green card rate was discontinued at the beginning of 1891 when all 2d post cards were carried by the ‘via Brindisi’ route." Although these cards probably would not be considered to have been used in the ‘correct period’ (before early 1891), they are unusual for the reason that additional postage was added to both.

The first postcard was addressed to Hermann Burchardt Esq., C/o Gustav Sachs Esq., Brucken Allee, Moabit Berlin, Germany and the printed 2d stamp has a ‘diamond’ of squared dots cancel with a partial unframed EAST MELBOURNE/ JE 29/ 91/ VIC cancel to the left of the diamond cancel. The additional unframed postmarks on the two added stamps (an orange 1d ‘Reading’ Stamp Duty and an ochre 3d Stamp Duty) confirms the site and date of origin. In addition, there are two German postmarks, a darker Bestellt/ vom/ Postamte 2/ 4.8.91/ (--)-1¼N and a fainter Bestellt/ vom/ Postamte 23/ 4 8 91/ 8¾-10¼N (Figures 1 & 2).


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MRS. (GERTRUDE) MAESMORE MORRIS, ENGLISH BORN ACTOR in AUSTRALIA

The main reasons for writing up this actress were the large numbers of postcards that show her picture, though born in England her career started in Australia and progressed later to England, and the paucity of information of biographical information that exists about her on the internet, other than a nasty divorce that took place in Melbourne. This postcard appeared on Ebay, and it is labeled ‘Mrs. Maesmore Morris (Figure 1).


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NICHOLAS CHEVALIER, PAINTER/CARTOONIST, of SWISS/RUSSIAN HERITAGE

This battered partial cover was addressed to Louis Chevalier, either the father or brother of Nicholas, care of Mrs Jones & Thomas, 222 Lonsdale St, East, Melbourne, Australia and the stampless envelope was hand-stamped ‘PD’ for ‘Paid’ and it had a routing manuscript ‘Marseille and Overland’, as well as a double ring LUSANNE/ 5/ (?)/ (?)/ SOIR. There was a red unframed reception postmark G.P.O. SHIP LETTER/ FREE/ JY 12/ 1854/ VICTORIA as well as an originating blue GENEVE/ 6/ MAI/ 54/ 2S, a black double ring transit MARSEILLE/ 8/ MAI/ 5 ( )/ (12), plus another black double ring postmark which is illegible. The two red ink numbers may denote the postage paid (Figure 1).


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NORMA WHALLEY, COMEDIENNE, SINGER, ACTOR (STAGE & SCREEN)

This postcard with a relatively unimportant message related to the exchange of postcards between friends, was posted from DELORAINE/ NO 17/ 03/ TASMANIA to Evandale, Tasmania (Figure 1).


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PACKET BOAT COVER to JOAQUIN, a.k.a. CINCINNATUS HINER MILLER

This fine cover is addressed to Joaquin Miller, The Hights, Oakland San Francisco, U.S.A. and it has a purple ‘cogwheel’ N.Z. MARINE P.O./ 10 JUL 99/ R.M.S.”MOANA’ hand-stamp. The blue 2½d New South Wales definitive stamp is cancelled with a black double-lined PACKET BOAT handstamp (Figure 1).


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PADEREWSKI, POLISH PIANIST & PRIME MINISTER, AUSRALASIAN TOUR

This relatively insignificant postcard has modest postal history appeal but is of considerable social philatelic interest.  Early on, I recognised the interest but it remained in my postcard collection for a decade as I was not in a writing mode in those days.

The front shows that it was sent from Parkville Victoria and the red 1d and the green bantam ½d ‘Postage’ stamps were postmarked with the duplex PARKVILLE/ JL 13/ VICTORIA with an incompletely shown barred numeral MCCC/ 85 (1385).  It was addressed to Mr. T. Robin, ‘Mouilpied’ St. Martins, Guernsey, Channel Islands, an uncommon address (Figure 1).


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PAUL WHITE, JUNGLE DOCTOR, MISSIONARY: GRAHAM WADE & COMICS

This cover is unusual both for the name of the sending company (JUNGLE DOCTOR, 93 Bathurst Street, Sydney) as well as the printed graphics, with the small ‘stick’ men at top left which are most likely a black man and a white missionary, and the running animals at the bottom, which include a lion, zebra, gazelle, hippopotamus, monkey, giraffe and elephant. I was surprised how this cover quickly identified 2 men, the sender and the missionary that were linked in their Christian zeal. The addressed company, National Council of the Churches of Christ, Broadcasting & Film Commission in New York complemented the work of the two men. The red 4d Melbourne Olympics stamp issued on 31 October 1956 dates the cover accurately for the indistinct roller cancel can be confidently described as SYDNEY/ 2 PM/ 9 20 NOV 9/ 1956/ N.S.W AUST. The slogan reads SEND MONEY/ BY POSTAL NOTE/ OR MONEY ORDER (Figure 1).


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POSTCARD to WILLIAM A. TOPLIS, SARK, CHANNEL ISLANDS, ENGLAND

There are four main islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney and Sark) in the English Channel that are called the 'Channel Islands'. These islands are dependencies of the British crown (although strictly not part of the United Kingdom), having been so attached since the Conquest of 1066 when they formed part of the Duchy of Normandy. The smallest of the four is Sark. The islands were occupied by the Germans in WW II. The total area is only 194 sq km and both English and French are spoken, and Norman-French patois survives (Figure 1).


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RACHEL HENNING, LETTER-WRITER (MRS. DEIGHTON TAYLOR) (1826-1914)

Two covers appeared on Ebay addressed to Mrs. Deighton Taylor and it was soon obvious that Deighton Taylor, the husband, took a back seat when compared to the significance of his wife, Rachel Henning. The first letter was addressed to her at Green Mount, North Shore, Sydney, N.S.W., and the 2d blue N.S.W. stamp was postmarked with rays ‘102' of Stroud as well as an adjoining STROUD/ DE 1/ 1870/ N.S.W. (Figure 1).


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ROBERT BROUGH & DION BOUCICAULT, COMEDY COMPANY, SHANGHAI

This 1d red New South Wales postcard has an additional red 1d ‘Shield’ stamp added and it is cancelled with a duplex SYDNEY/ MY 3/ (–) PM/ 01/ 41 with the N.S.W obliterator. It is addressed to Allan Hamilton Esqr, The Brough Comedy Coy, Shanghai. It has a double circle SHANGHAI’ 1/ JU 1/ 01/LOCAL POST with an adjacent small single circle ‘34'. There is a manuscript Chinese script along the left border (Figure 1).


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SILENT MOVIE STARS: POLA NEGRI & LAWRENCE GRAY [USA]

Australians have been bitten by the fan club bug, but not to the same extent as film goers in the U.S.A. Covers sent to these actors are usually quite inexpensive, and the postal markings are rarely of interest. These two covers were sent to two silent movie stars both at the Lasky Studio and they like many others did not make the transition to stardom in the talking movies.


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SIR IVOR ATKINS, FAMOUS WELSH ORGANIST, FRIEND of EDWARD ELGAR

This advertising cover has a fine example of the slogan BRITISH EMPIRE EXHIBITION/ ALWAYS ASK FOR/ AUSTRALIAN PRODUCTS roller cancel combined with the MELBOURNE/ -7 NO-11-P/ 1924 postmark, which cancels the red 1½d KGV stamp. It is addressed to Sir Ivor Atkins, Mus. D.D.R.C.O., College Yard, Worcester, England, and the sender is identified as The Oceanic Trading Co. Pty Ltd., Melbourne (Figure 1).


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SIR JOHN MILLAIS, PRESIDENT of the ROYAL ACADEMY of ARTS, & ‘BUBBLES’

The ‘Post Card For Inland Postage Only’ has a pair of the bantam green ½d Victoria ‘Postage’ stamp canceled with the duplex MAFFRA/ MR 18/ 07/ VICTORIA postmark with the barred numeral ‘477', is addressed to a school girl in Bendigo (Figure 1).


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THE DIVINE LADY: BARRINGTON'S GREATEST ROMANCE [CANADA]

Advertising covers are very popular with collectors and come in many forms, some as simple as little more than the name and address of an important company or a significant hotel. The most exciting ones are profusely illustrated on the front and reverse and colorful ones can be quite extravagant in their design. Less common ones (at least in my own limited experience) advertise an event in an artistic field (see: Prodigy to Pariah: Guilo Bustabo) and the present one advertises a romantic book, which became the subject for a famous silent movie.


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THE WORLD -FAMED FISK JUBILEE SINGERS, WESTERN AUSTRALIA

Only the front of this interesting cover was seen, and it had an advertisement for The World-Famed Fisk Jubilee Singers, Box 1273, G.P.O., Sydney. The envelope was a printed-to-private-order red KGV One Penny stamp [A.S.C. Type 3 E5 issued in 1916] which was cancelled with a MOUNT PALMER/ 10 DEC 17/ WESTN AUSTRALIA postmark, addressed to A.W. Millar Esq, Theatre Royal, Perth. W.A. (Figure 1).


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THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, SYDNEY to SMYTHE, THEOSOPHIST, POET, EDITOR [CANADA]

Seven covers appeared on Ebay addressed to Albert E.S. Smythe at several locations in Toronto and Hamilton, Ontario, Canada in the 1920's and 1930's, six from Sydney Australia and one from Auckland, New Zealand. The fronts of two of these covers will be shown, as they show that Theosophical Societies existed in Australia, New Zealand and Canada, in addition to many other countries.


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VIOLIN PRODIGY to PARIAH: GUILA BUSTABO (1916-2002) [U.S.A.]

Advertising covers have a fascination for many cover collectors, in that they are almost invariably not philatelically contrived, they often are things of beauty, and they frequently tell a story. The different types of advertisements are legion and collectors can specialize in a particular type such as adverts for machinery, perfumes, shoes, hotels and maps, to name but a few. The present cover caught my eye but not as a thing of beauty. I enjoy good violin music, but I can't recall seeing a cover advertising two farewell violin recitals (or any other classical music performances).


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W. H. PALING & Co., Ltd., 86 - 88 QUEEN STREET, BRISBANE

Three privately printed advertising postcards and covers sent from Brisbane in the first decade of the 1900's were lavishly illustrated with musical instruments, proclaiming the virtues of this well known Brisbane musical store. One printed in red showed 3 different string instruments, and proclaimed that “Every description of Musical Instrument may be obtained cheapest and best” from the store; another in blue depicted the Edison Standard Combination Phonograph and stated that the store had “Over 20,000 Records in stock”; whilst a third in purple showed an example of the Royal Brand of Concertinas, and described “Anglo-German and English Concertinas finest in the world. Best quality, Lowest Prices” (Figures 1- 3).


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W.S. SPARROW: MEMORIES of LIFE and ART, THROUGH SIXTY YEARS

The air mail cover is addressed to Mrs. W. Shaw-Sparrow 15B Lancaster Grove, Swiss Cottage, Hampstead, London, N.W. 3, England and has a red PASSED BY CENSOR label and a purple PASSED BY CENSOR/ S. 82 handstamp. It has a single purple ‘Hermes’ 1 shilling six pence airmail stamp cancelled by a CREMORNE/ 12.5O PM 1 (–) 40/ N.S.W postmark . The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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WALLACE REID, DISGRACED MATINEE IDOL & #1 at the BOX OFFICE [USA]

The cover had three single copies of the green ½d KGV plus one brown 1½d KGV head stamps and they were canceled with three PORT ADELAIDE/ 6 OC 20/ STH AUST postmarks. It was addressed to Wallace Reid, c/o Lasky Studios, corner of Vine Street and Selma Avenue, Hollywood, California, America (Figure 1).


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WANDA RADFORD, ACTRESS: WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS CHILD PRODIGY?

This hand-painted postcard shows a young girl, Wanda Radford in a theatrical pose. The card is of German origin, marked ‘Gerlach’ and ‘GG/ CO/ Ser. 277/3 (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM FEHON, RAILWAY COMMISSIONER & MARY GAUNT AUTHOR

This One Penny ‘Reading’ post card of 1890-99 (the late version that could also be addressed to New Zealand and Fiji) was postmarked with the double circle MELBOURNE/ AM/ 11/ 30 6 00/ VICTORIA and it was addressed to Wm Fehon Esq, Commission Railways, Sydney (Figure 1).


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WILLIAMSON, J.C.: AUSTRALIAN TOUR of the OSIPOV BALALAIKA ORCHESTRA

This Air Mail cover was mailed from the J.C. Williamson Theatre LTD, Comedy Theatre, Melbourne C.1, and the red 4cents and green 3 cents QE II stamps were postmarked with a roller cancel consisting of a boxed MELBOURNE/ 9-PM/ 31 JAN/ 1967 and a bilingual slogan ‘AUSTRALIA FOR/ SUNSHINE FOODS/ ALIMENTS AUSTRALIENS/ PRODUITS DU SOLEIL. It was addressed to Mr. Arch. Elliott, Grand Opera House, Wellington, N.Z. (Figure 1)


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LADY JANE SHELLEY, BOSCOMBE PLACE, RINGWOOD HANTS, ENGLAND

The cover was addressed to Lady Shelley, Boscombe Place, Ringwood-Hants, England, and it has a manuscript ‘per Geelong’ and the purple 6d N.S.W. stamp has two cancellations of the duplex 71/ SP 6/ C/ SYDNEY with a 3-ring oval, vertically placed, N.S.W. obliterator (Figure 1).


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