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ARMED FORCES

A LETTER to BOMBARDIER H. WELLS, NOWSHERA, N.W.F. PROVINCE 1909

This fairly unique destination cover to a long-time troublesome area, now in the Pakistan-Afghanistan region,  is related to a series of conflicts starting with the Anglo-Afghan wars during the imperialist Great Game between the United Kingdom and Russia which led to the dismemberment of Afghanistan.

The front which was not seen is a real photo, b/w postcard of ‘The Blow Hole, near Flinders’.   The reverse shows it is an Australian card made by The Standard Post Card Co. sent from Janowe Street, Sebastopol to Bombardier H. Wells, 62nd Bty (Battery), N.F.A., Nowshera., N. West Frontier, India.  The brown-red on yellow paper 1½d stamp of Victoria is cancelled with a duplex BALLARAT/ AM/ 9 (N)O/ (--)-6-09 with a barred numeral ‘5'.  There is a fine reception postmark of NOWSHERA/ 7.-A,M./ 22 JL O9.  The legible portion of the message reads: Mr. Wells, I shall be pleased to exchange P.Cards with you, instead of Miss Hay.  Miss Sadie [illegible].  In addition there is a partial transit postmark of (TU)TICORIN/ 16 JY/ 09/ --.20 PM (Figure 1).


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A TALE of TWO SUBMARINES in SYDNEY HARBOUR 1960 [U.S.A.]

As luck would have it, these 2 covers turned up on the same day from two different sources, and surprisingly the two submarines noted were related in time and place, even to the point that the two had been berthed together in Sydney Harbour, at one point in time.


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A. H. FREELING, SOUTH AUSTRALIAN SURVEYOR-GENERAL (1820-85) [CANADA]

A long cover with a manuscript "On Public Service" addressed "To Captain Freeling R.E., Surveyor General, Adelaide" has a fine black strike of an oval "POST OFFICE/ MT BARKER" with a manuscript March 1850 in its centre, plus a red "Crown over 'FREE' in a circle/1850" plus a black unframed arrival cds "G.P.O./ Crown/ MA (fleuron) 1/ 50/ SOUTH AUSTRALIA" postmark (Figure 1).


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ADMIRAL BERTIE CORNELIUS CATOR of BECKENHAM, LONDON (1787 - 1864)

This entire has a strip of three of the 1855 Perkins Bacon, London printing rose-carmine TWO PENCE (S.G. # 20) imperforate stamps of South Australia postmarked with 2 strikes of the ‘empty’ circle & bars cancel of Adelaide as well as alongside the PAID/ MR 24/ 1855/ ADELAIDE S A in red. It is rated with a manuscript ‘3', and unusually it has no transit or arrival markings on the reverse. It is addressed to Admiral Cator, Messrs Hallett & Robinson, 14 Great George Street, Westminster, London (Figure 1).


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ADMIRAL LORD KEYES, UK FLEET to SIR ERNEST CLARK, GOVERNOR, TAS.

The cover has a blue registration label of G.P.O. Sydney, a purple handstamp ‘Air Mail’ and the blue 5½d Emu stamp of Australia was postmarked G.P.O. SYDNEY/ date illegible/ E/ N.S.W/ AUST as well as a purple triple circle NEW ZEALAND/ [CROWN]/ (GOVERNMENT HOUSE)/ PAID handstamp, and it was addressed to His Excellency, Sir Ernest Clark, GCMG KCMG, Government House, Hobart, Tasmania (Figures 1 & 1A).


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AIR VICE-MARSHAL STANLEY GOBLE, C.B.E., D.S.C., D.S.O., OTTAWA, CANADA

The registered airmail cover has a blue 3d KGVI head stamp as well as a vertical pair of the brown 2/- ‘Roo on map of Australia’ stamp with a 3 -REGISTERED-3/ date?/ MELBOURNE postmark. There is a blue registration label with ‘Bulk Registration, Melb. VICTORIA, as well as a purple ‘diamond’ 2/ NOT/ OPENED BY/ CENSOR handstamp. It is addressed to Air Vice-Marshal S.J. Goble, C.B.E., D.S.C., D.S.O., Australian Liaison Officer, Jackson Building, OTTAWA , Canada (Figure 1).


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ALEXANDER TOLMER, COMMISSIONER of POLICE, SOUTH AUSTRALIA

The stampless 0.H.M.S. paper with a manuscript ‘free’ and a red [crown]/ FREE/ with date slugs removed, also has an originating unframed KOORINGA/ DE 13/ SOUTH AUSTRALIA postmark, and it is addressed to Alex Tolmer, Commissioner of Police, Adelaide (Figure 1).


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ALFRED GEORGE 'DICK' SALISBURY & THE 6th AUSTALIAN EXHIBITION

Covers from the Australian Philatelic Exhibitions fall into the philatelically contrived items, but this one has the virtue of being addressed to an Australian of some considerable note.  The cover has an ‘R6' Registration label ‘6th AUST. PHILATELIC / EXHIBTN MELB. VIC’, and the blue 3d and red 2d ‘Merino’ stamps are both cancelled with the hexagonal cancel of the Exhibition dated 10 NOV 1934.  In addition there are 2 ‘Cinderellas’ of a ‘Rosella’ and a kookaburra applied celebrating the Centenary of Melbourne.  The cover is addressed to Mr. A.G. Salisbury, 36 Aberdeen Rd., East Prahran (Figure 1).


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AN UNUSUAL WW I POSTCARD to a SOLDIER in EGYPT

This home-made postcard was made from cut-outs of red Australian KGV heads and postage due stamps pasted to the front of a blank "Graphic' post card that was sent, presumably under cover (as there were no stamps for postage nor postmarks), to an Australian soldier in Egypt on leave from fighting at Gallipoli in Turkey. The design was drawn in black ink, but the red and green colour was filled in by the stamps.


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ANZAC CLUB CINDERELLA, NEW YORK & ACTOR NOLA LUXFORD (1895-1994)

This item is regarded as a cinderella, a stamp-like creature with no postal validity.  Such items are not infrequently applied to the front, but more often to the reverse of a posted envelope mostly for its decorative appeal.  There is not a skerrick of postal history interest in a mint copy such as this, but the fact I have never seen a copy before, and that there is a real Social Philately appeal, is the reason why I felt I had to relate the story behind the cinderella.


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AUSTRALIA’S YOUNGEST WORLD WAR II VICTORIA CROSS WINNER

I almost can’t believe that I am using this advertising cover to introduce this important man, but there is a definite, albeit tenuous connection, so please bear with me. It is addressed to my boyhood friend who may still be alive so that I am obscuring his name and address. The 5c blue QEII stamp is cancelled with a HURSTVILLE/ 445 PM/ 3 OCT/ 1968/ N.S.W AUST. roller cancel with the slogan canceling the stamp. Swans Limited at various Sydney Suburbs is advertised for its building and home improvement items (Figure 1).


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AUSTRALIA'S FIRST SEAPLANE CARRIER, H.M.A.S. "ALBATROSS"

This cover is unusual in that it appears to be printed to celebrate the christening and launching of the HMAS Albatross on 23 February 1928, but the cover was not posted until 10 years later from SYDNEY/ 4 15 A 11 JL 38. This date is confirmed by the purple rectangular boxed POLICE OFFICE/ 11 JUL 1938/ H.M.A.S. "ALBATROSS" marking. This date probably celebrates its re-commissioning in July, 1938, but it is more likely that an ex-R.A.N. type is remembering the ship's past (Figure 1).


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AUSTRALIAN CORONATION CONTINGENT, 7 MAY 1937 at CROWNING of KGVI [ENGLAND]

This cover was addressed to No 1157. L.A.C. Palmer, T.P., R.A.A.F. Detachment, Australian Coronation Contingent, Australia House, London W.C. 2, England, and the two mauve 9d ‘Kangaroo on Map of Australia’ stamps were postmarked with an ASHFIELD/ 1 AM/ 7 MAY/ 1937/ N.S.W with a slogan roller cancel. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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BERLIN: AUSTRALIA’S INVOLVEMENT in POST-WW2 MILITARY MISSION

I lived through World War 2 in Sydney and for 2 decades after. I am amazed at how little I knew about facts that involved Australia, at home and abroad, during WW2. I have now lived in North America for four decades bombarded with news, wanted or not, from numerous television sources. As I was always interested in ‘facts’ in my student days, I suspect that we, Australian citizens were not privy to much information during the war or immediately after. This cover is a good example of the secrecy around one significant event.

The cover has manuscript ‘Forces Mail’ and ‘BY AIR MAIL’, the blue 2½d U.K. stamp is postmarked with a double circle FIELD POST OFFICE/ 815 with the date of 1950 obscured. There was a double circle hand-stamp with the Australian Shield/ 14 in the centre, and AUSTRALIAN MILITARY MISSION/ GERMANY, between the two circles The cover was addressed to J. Brack Esq., Dept. of External Territories, Canberra A.C.T., Australia ( Figure 1).


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BOER WAR - PRIVATE DAVID WILLIAM PRIEST, 5TH QLD IMPERIAL BUSHMEN

The stampless cover’s sender is identified as Trooper D.W. Priest, (Regimental) NO 15, 5th Q.I.B. On Active Service Sth Africa..  It is addressed to his father J. Priest, “Radlett”, Sussex Street, South Brisbane, Queensland and it has an incomplete double circle FIELD POST OFFICE/ 23/ JU 2 ( )/ O1/ BRITISH ARMY (     ).  There is a large thick 1D tax mark and the manuscripts may denote that this letter is No 9 in correspondence and it was received on 12/7/ 1901.  The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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BOER WAR COVER to SCHOOLBOY, S.M. BRUCE, FUTURE PRIME MINISTER [S. AFRICA]

This cover was at an auction site and was particularly well documented as a Boer War cover with no letter included, from an Australian soldier, with manuscript "On active service" to an Australian schoolboy. It was sent by H. Gordon No. 239, B Squadron, Victorian Infantry Regiment and was properly countersigned by his Commanding Officer Captain Fredk G. Purcell of the V.I.R. The vendor states that there is another manuscript "no stamp available" and this was not seen. The stampless cover has a fine squared circle of MAFEKING/ SP 14/ 00/ C.G.H. (Cape of Good Hope). There is a large oval ‘T 1D’ tax marking as well as a bicolor 1d Victorian postage due stamp with a ‘killer’ barred numeral ‘1'. The cover is addressed to S.M, Bruce Esqre, C.E.G. School, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The cover has a blue crayon re-direct of S. Yarra, and there was no mention of the recipient by the vendor (Figure 1).


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BRUCE CONDE, PHILATELIST, COUNTER INTELLIGENCE COMMAND, ROYAL PRETENDER

The cover has the return address of Maj. Bruce Condé, Counter Intelligence Command (C.I.C.). General Headquarters, U.S. Army Post Office APO 500, Tokyo, Japan. It is franked with the B.C.O.F. (British Commonwealth Occupation Force)/ JAPAN/ 1946 overprint on Australian definitive stamps (a pair of the orange ½ d, and a strip of 3 brown-purple 1d ), tied by AUST. ARMY P.O./ 214 (Tokyo, Japan) on 8 OC 48, pre-first day of issue on 11 October 1948. It was addressed to an unknown Private Wilkins, Prahan, Victoria, Australia. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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CAPTAIN EDWARD CHARLES FROME, ROYAL ENGINEERS (1802-1890)

The cover is stampless with a manuscript ‘8' crossed-out with a manuscript PM’s endorsement of ‘P.O/Clare’ and a manuscript ‘O.P. Service’ with a postmark of G.P.O ADELAIDE/[crown]/ MA 6/ 1849/ SOUTH AUST. and it is addressed to Captain Frome R.E., Victoria Square (Figure 1).


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CAPTAIN RICHARD HANMER BUNBURY R.N. (1813-1857)

This cover was listed on Ebay as a NSW 1844 MILITARY FREE entire addressed "Sydney-September Twenty Six, Captain R.H. Bunbury R.N., William's Town, Melbourne". It has a faint circular red "FREE, SE 26/ 1844 postmark with no evidence of a Crown. In the lower left hand corner is a 2-line notation in the same hand: ( ? ), W: G: Australia (Figure 1).


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CAPTAIN RONALD EDGAR SMITH, 2ND SON of JAMES “PHILOSOPHER” SMITH

A large number of covers have been seen at stamp auction sites addressed to Westwood Forth, Ulverstone Forth, or Ulverstone either to Lieutenant, Captain or Major R.E. Smith over the past 3 years, but none compare with the present one sent by Captain R.E. Smith to his mother. The cover has a blue garland of ribbons and leaves, surrounding a monogram of EPH, with the words Excelsior Palace Hotel, A. Percy Trewhella Proprietor, Palerme (Palermo), a manuscript ‘On Active Service/ with A.I.F. From/ Capt. R.E. Smith’ and the blue Italian stamp, is postmarked 24. 12. 15. It has a PASSED (by censor) hand stamp and it is addressed to Mrs. James Smith (Westwood Forth, crossed out), Main St. Ulverstone, Tasmania, Australia.. The vendor does not mention any markings on the reverse, but states it enclosed a long interesting letter from the officer wounded at Gallipoli and mentions the withdrawal of the troups from Suvla Ba , on the Aegean coastline of the Gallipoli peninsula in European Turkey (Figure 1).


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CHARLES DIBBIN, BOY, ROYAL MILITARY ASYLUM, CHELSEA, nr. LONDON

The cover was sent to, Charles Dibbin, Boy, No 1 Company, Royal Military Asylum, Chelsea, Nr. London, Per Simla and had a dull orange-brown imperforate ‘SIX PENCE’ wood block stamp, cancelled by a BN ‘1' of Melbourne.   An additional marking was a red PAID/ DD/ 3 AU 3/ 1857, presumably applied in London.  Not seen, was an originating postmark of Melbourne May 28, 1857, on the reverse (Figure 1).


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CHARLES H. & JOHN R. COUSENS, WW2 PRISONERS of WAR [JAPAN/GERMANY]

The first cover was sent registered to Captain C.H. Cousens, N.X. 34932, 2/19th Battalian A.I.F., Malaya, the registration label No. 1 with a manuscript ‘Mt Wilson’ and it had a purple S. 74 censor’s handstamp. There is a total postage of one shilling made up of the 9d ‘Platypus’ and the 3d blue KGVI stamps, with a partial MT. WILSON/ N.S.W Type 2A postmark , with an illegible date (Figure 1).


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COBBITTY N.S.W. to LAWRENCE ASYLUM, OOTACAMUND, MADRAS, INDIA

This unusual destination cover was addressed to Miss F. Albert, Lawrence Asylum, Ootacamund, Madras, S. India and its pair of mauve 6d and a single dull red 1d N.S.W. stamps were postmarked with two examples of the rays ‘535' of Cobbitty, N.S.W. There were two manuscripts per R.M.S Ellora to Melbourne and, R.M.S Nubia to Galle (Ceylon) (Figure 1).


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COCHRANE FAMILY MEMBERS, NOTABLE MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL NAVY

Although the recipient or sender of the attached four covers, Captain The Honourable E.G.L. Cochrane, never rose to the naval heights that other family members ascended, he was responsible for much of the family mail, at least 10 covers at last count. He is shown as Captain of the H.M.S. Peterel, at the Cape of Good Hope. The two green 6d Queensland stamps are cancelled with the unframed duplex BRISBANE/ 2/ FE 24/ 69/ QUEENSLAND, there is a red not deciphered postmark (not typical of Cape Town) dated 27 AP 69 as well, and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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COLONEL H.F.N. JOURDAIN C.M.G., OXFORD, U.K from MUDAMUCKLA, S.A

How could one resist researching a cover sent from a village with such a non-harmonious name as Mudamuckla to a Gallipoli hero? The cover has a blue registration label for Mudamuckla, South Australia, and it is addressed to Editor, Colonel H.F.N. Jourdain, C.M.G., Fyfield Lodge, Fyfield Road, Oxford, England. The orange-brown 5d KGV Head stamp is cancelled MUDAMUCKLA/ 27 JL 37/ S.A (Figure 1).


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COMMANDER THEOPHILUS MOULTRIE KELSALL, R.N. & HIS SON CONRAD KELSALL

It is not often that one sees more than 30 covers addressed to the same person over a period of 50 years from 1850 to 1900, particularly from 10 different countries including: Ascension Island, Australia, France, Germany, Great Britain (addressed to 6 different addresses) and Lagos, as well as to several ships in the Royal Navy, including the H.M.S. Alecto. Two covers from Melbourne which are addressed to T.M. Kelsall, and relate to his elder son Conrad Moultrie Kelsall, are featured in this paper.

The first cover is addressed to Capt. T.M. Kelsall R.N., Youngaton , Westward Ho’, Devon, England and the two stamps are both Victorian ‘Stamp Duty’, a green Half Penny and a pale mauve Two Pence, both cancelled with MELBOURNE/ 12 P/ OC 31/ 99, and the reverse was postmarked with a Bideford receiver (Figure 1).


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CYRIL ST JOHN CLARKE, VETERAN, BOER WAR & WW1, SOLICITOR, COLAC,VIC.

The cover is addressed to C. St. John Clarke Esqr., Solicitor, Murray Street, Colac and the manuscript above the address has not been identified. The 1½d brown KGV Head stamp has been cancelled SOUTH YARRA/ ------/ VIC, but the date was not seen. The cover was taxed with a T8d in an oval and four 2d stamp duty stamps were applied, and cancelled by ink hand writing. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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DETENTION BARRACKS BERRIMA N.S.W., 1917 P.O.W. ENVELOPE to JAVA

This SERVICE DES PRISONNIERS DE GUERRE stampless FREE cover [Emery Type 3] was addressed to Herrn Kapitan Christiansen “Silesia”, Tandjong Priok, Yava, and it had a red authorizing signature cachet of Lieutenant Colonel Holman at Liverpool N.S.W. [Emery CA 232] as well as a boxed violet PASSED BY/ CENSOR/ S.D. [C.M. 43] (Figure 1).


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EDGEWOOD ARSENAL, CHEMICAL WARFARE SCHOOL, MARYLAND U.S.A.

This cover has a roller cancel with a boxed SYDNEY/ 11 AM/ 8 8 APR 8/ 1946/ N.S.W. AUST with a slogan cancel SIGN YOUR NAME/ FOR SECURITY/ BUY BONDS NOW on a red 2½d embossed KGVI stamp, with 2 additional orange ½d Roo stamps. It was addressed to Colonel W. Hanes, Chemical Warfare School, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland, U.S.A. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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ELMER DAVIS, DIRECTOR, OFFICE of WAR INFORMATION, WASHINGTON D.C. [U.S.A.]

This World War 2 cover was mailed with a total of 3½d postage made up of the red 2½d KGVI and the maroon 1d Queen Elizabeth stamps postmarked PARL'MT HOUSE CANBERRA/ -8 SP 42/ A.C.T and there was a red boxed 2/ PASSED BY CENSOR/ 1106. It was addressed to Elmer Davis, Esq., Director, Office of War Information, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. with a typed Personal in the lower left hand corner (Figure 1).


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ERNEST GRANVILLE MILLER, LAWYER, BRINGS CHEER to WWI TROOPS

A French cover is addressed to Monsieur E. Granville Miller, Launceston, Tasmania. The large purple handstamp identifies that the sender is Charles Roussin/ N. 9 SOULS BARBES N. 9/ and it is dated 30 NOV 86. There are 4 strikes of the double circle PARIS/ 3/ NOV./ 86/ GARE DU NORD, ‘26' in a circle, a large ‘R’ in a box and a ms. ‘338'. There are five French stamps all with ‘ REPUB FRANC’, 3 with 10c at lower left, 1 with 30c at upper right, and an unidentified different design 20c at lower right (Figure 1).


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EVERETT A. COLSON, ADVISOR to EMPEROR HAILE SELASSIE, ETHIOPIA

The cover had a blue registration label for SYDNEY—C/ N.S.W. and the stamps consisted of an orange ½d, a green 1d and a red-brown KGV Head stamps, as well as the green 3d airmail stamp. They were postmarked by a REGISTERED/ B 14 MR 33/ SYDNEY N.S.W. The cover was addressed to E.A. Colson Esq, Box 215, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Abyssinia) (Figure 1).


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FLIGHT LIEUT. ERNEST ANDREW MUSTARD, C/O BANK of ADELAIDE, LONDON

Three Melbourne-origin covers, were presumably sent by the same person over a period of 3 days to the same individual, and they all finally finished up at the same address in London, but the addressee’s rank was not identical on all 3 covers.


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G.D. MITCHELL, SOLDIER, AUTHOR, POLITICIAN & ‘WE OF THE A.I.F’

This cover does not even mention George Deane Mitchell, but the roller cancellation of ‘We of the AIF’ is closely associated with his name, as is the term ‘lifelong larrikin’ which is attributed to him by the Australian Dictionary of Biography. This advertising cover with the statement ‘Don’t put a Cold in your pocket, use KLEENEX Avoid damp Handkerchiefs’ is particularly relevant in 2009 because of the concerns with Swine Influenza. It is addressed to Hollins Hopkins & Co. Ltd. in Townsville, Queensland. The roller postmark has a boxed SYDNEY/ N.S.W. AUST/ 8 11-AM 8/ 10 JAN/ 1940/ POSTED IN/ PILLAR BOX, with the red KGVI stamp cancelled by the roller ‘SEE/ WE OF THE/ AIF’. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).

 


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GENERAL JOHN FRENCH, HERO in the BOER WAR [SOUTH AFRICA]

This Boer War recruitment publicity postcard with ‘General French War South Africa’ has a portrait of the general on a medal, shows British flags, a crown and crossed swords, plus an inscription ‘We Conquer Step by Step”. It is postmarked with a partial squared circle ALDGATE/ 2/ JY 30/ 00/ S.(A). There is an additional faint circular cancel confirming the JY 30/00 date.


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GENERAL SIR JOHN MONASH, SOLDIER, ENGINEER & ADMINISTRATOR

The designer of this home-made first day cover has provided an unique cover, but what a pity he could not spell and that he did not realise that the yellow colour would fade badly. It has a single copy of the 5d John Monash in uniform stamp and is postmarked with the familiar Philatelic Bureau Melbourne First Day of Issue 23 June 1965, the centenary of his year of birth. It is inscribed along the left border ‘Soldier Engineer Educator’ and there is an electrical tower on his right (a reminder of his role in the electrification of Victoria), and the years of his life are recorded at the base of the stamp (Figure 1).


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GOV. PHILLIP & CINDERELLA STAMPS for AUSTRALIA’S 150TH ANNIVERSARY 1937-38

Two covers appeared on Ebay displaying in total, on the two covers, the 15 different designs of the cinderellas stamps that are derived from a sheet of 30. The format of the sheet was six horizontally and five vertically, with the same order repetition of the first and last three stamps in each horizontal row of six (Figure 1).


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H.M.A.S. KANOWNA, AUSTRALIAN HOSPITAL SHIP, WORLD WAR ONE

The ‘On active service’ stampless cover was postmarked with a black A.I. FORCES POSTAGE FREE/ 24 NO.17/ VIC which partially obscured a purple double oval handstamp, (----) AUSTRALIAN HOSPITAL SHIP/ KANOWNA. It was addressed to Mr. D.O. McIntyre, Estate Agent, Ryrie St, Geelong, Victoria, Australia. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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H.M.A.S. SYDNEY II, GIBRALTAR to BELMORE, SYDNEY 1936

The red Three Half Pence Gibraltar stamp showing the Rock of Gibraltar is postmarked with a roller cancel made up of GIBRALTAR/ 9-AM FEB 24 36./ 25 and a boxed GIBRALTAR/ THE TRAVEL KEY/ OF THE/ MEDITERRANEAN as well as a separate boxed (DO NOT TAX)/ SPECIAL NAVAL RATE. It is addressed to Belmore, Sydney, Australia (Figures 1, 2 & 3).


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HEINZ TICHAUER (HENRY TALBOT), FAMOUS AUSTRALIAN PHOTOGRAPHER

This tattered registered Bolivian cover revealed a remarkable history of a Jewish man, born in Germany, interned in England, transported to Australia on His Majesty’s Transport ‘Dunera’, who first became an alien internee in Hay, N.S.W., then an Australian army employee in World War 2, followed by a non-combatant Australian Army private. He became one of four famous immigrant German photographers who shipped to Australia during WW2. Heinz Tichauer became known as Henry Talbot probably at the time of his Australian naturalization probably in 1945, and he specialized in fashion photography, portraits and advertising. I was so intrigued by this man’s story that I contacted an unknown woman living in the U.S.A., by email and within 24 hours I received an email from Henry’s son, Neale Talbot, who lives in Hong Kong. Imagine my surprise!

The cover was sent by Heinz’s father, Max Tichauer of ‘La Exquisita’ in Cochabamba, Bolivia and it had a pencilled ‘Certificado’ (Certified) as well as the 3 Bolivian stamps, a single blue 20 Bolivianos and a pair of brown 240 Bolivianos stamps postmarked ‘SERVICIO AEREO’. There was a printed ‘Correo Aereo’ and the address in black ink was: service No V377568/ Heinz Tichauer/ 8th Aust. Emp. Co./ Home Forces Camp Pel( ), Australia and a new address was added in red ink ‘EAST ALBURY NSW (Figure 1).


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HELEN BUDD HETHERINGTON, MATRON ROYAL PRINCE ALFRED HOSPITAL

The present cover appeared at an Australian auction site, but a scan only of the front was available. It was sent On His Majesty’s Service to Miss H.B. Hetherington, Matron, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Missenden Road, Camperdown, Sydney, N.S.W. It had a 1d Queen Mother stamp postmarked with an indistinct NAVAL P. O. HERNE BAY/ N,S,W,-AUST in 1945 (month not seen) and it was endorsed with a manuscript ‘Concession Rate’. In addition it had a purple double oval hand stamp with PRINCIPAL MATRON/ R.N. HOSPITAL SYDNEY (Figures 1 & 2).


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HENDON AMMUNITION FACTORY,

I have seen other World War 2 illustrated comical Australian mail, but nothing to approach this one.  The front of this red 2½d KG VI Letter Card has a roller cancellation of ADELAIDE/ 11-AM/ 19 APR/ 1943/ SOUTH AUST.  It sold for THREEPENCE, had a red OPENED BY CENSOR label, a purple boxed A/ 10, a purple boxed ‘4 Passed by Censor.  It was addressed to Lieutenant Chris Weske, Naval Base, U.S.A and was re-addressed in red crayon to Clearfield Utah, in blue crayon to Naval Supply Depot, San Diego Office, and with a purple handstamp FORWARDED MAY 19, 1943,  FLEET RECORDS’OFFICE, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA’ (Figure 1).


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HUBERT WILKINS, OFFICER, AVIATOR, EXPLORER, & WAR PHOTOGRAPHER

Yet another philatelically-contrived Antarctic cover but with more than the usual historical interest. The purple 4d ‘Child Praying’ 1957 Christmas issue is postmarked HALLETT/ 13 FE 58/ SOUTH-AUST and is autographed by the sender Hubert Wilkins, and addressed in his hand ‘H. Wilkins, Gen Delivery, Hallett’. It has multiple hand-stamps, a small black circle denoting the Antarctic ‘Deep Freeze’ expedition; one large purple and one large octagonal International Geophysical Year insignia, the black design with HALLETT, ANTARCTICA, STATION and the purple with WILKES STATION; a black circle with a US Navy Mobile Construction-Operation ‘Deep Freeze II’ expedition insignia, and a ‘USS ARNEB’ handstamp (Figure 1).


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ILLUSTRATED COVERS to Pfc. GERALD O. KEATING, S.A.A.A.B. [U.S.A.]

Two letters to Private first class Gerald O. Keating, both illustrated by the same artist and sent by Mrs J. Keating from Brisbane appeared on eBay the same day. The first had a roller postmark with a boxed BRISBANE/ QLAND/ 2 23 JAN 2/ 1945/ POSTED IN/ PILLARS as well as a boxed 1/ PASSED/ BY/ CENSOR/ 164. The blue 3½d KGVI stamp was applied, and the most obvious finding was a painted tropical scene occupying the left hand side of the envelope. The cover was addressed to Pfc. Gerald O. Keating, A.S.N. (Army Service Number) 19064631, Section E. 1040 AAF. B.U.- R.S #4, S.A.A.A.B, Santa Ana, California U.S.A. (Figure 1).


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J.A. KENNETH MACKAY, SOLDIER, AUTHOR, POLITICIAN, AMATEUR JOCKEY

This cover has a single blue-grey ‘HALF PENNY’ QV and two red ‘Shield’ stamps of New South Wales cancelled with a duplex NORTH SYDNEY/ MR 11/ 12.15 AM / 10/ N.S.W with the barred numeral ‘186', and it is addressed to Mrs Kenneth Mackay, CO the Hon Kenneth Mackay, The Castle, Cape Town, South Africa. As seen on the reverse the year date of 1910 is definitely incorrect (Figure 1).


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JACK’S DAY, NAVAL FORCES CHARITY, & 3 KNIGHTED BANKER -TREASURERS

This unusual cover reveals a World War One charitable fund for naval personnel and their families which was started on November 1, 1918 and which ran for several weeks in Australia. The cover has a green ½d and a red 1d KGV Head stamps postmarked with a patriotic roller cancel, HELP TO WIN THE WAR. The stamps partially obscure a printed blue "JACK’S DAY"/ By Authority of the Department of Repatri(ation)/ A FUND TO HELP THE MEN OF/ THE NAVY AND THE MERCANTILE MAR(INES). It has a caricature of a smoking sailor over JACK’S DAY/ NOV 1ST,1918, and the cover is addressed to Little Jack, 5 Hugh St, Ashfield (Sydney). The return address is listed as Dalton House, Pitt-street, (5th Floor), Sydney, and it has a ms. ‘31/10/ 1918'. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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JACK’S DAY, NAVAL FORCES CHARITY, & 3 KNIGHTED BANKER -TREASURERS

This unusual cover reveals a World War One charitable fund for naval personnel and their families which was started on November 1, 1918 and which ran for several weeks in Australia. The cover has a green ½d and a red 1d KGV Head stamps postmarked with a patriotic roller cancel, HELP TO WIN THE WAR. The stamps partially obscure a printed blue "JACK’S DAY"/ By Authority of the Department of Repatri(ation)/ A FUND TO HELP THE MEN OF/ THE NAVY AND THE MERCANTILE MAR(INES). It has a caricature of a smoking sailor over JACK’S DAY/ NOV 1ST,1918, and the cover is addressed to Little Jack, 5 Hugh St, Ashfield (Sydney). The return address is listed as Dalton House, Pitt-street, (5th Floor), Sydney, and it has a ms. ‘31/10/ 1918'. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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JAPAN’S SIGNING of the END of WWII & HMAS SHROPSHIRE at TOKYO BAY

Amongst Australian covers celebrating this important event, I consider that these two covers deserve to be called unique, the first for the exquisite artistry of the black ink drawing, and the second for the availability of the enclosed letter. The first cover suffers imperfections of ‘foxing’ on the front and tears on the reverse, but the rendition of Mount Fuji, the cherry blossoms and the Japanese script, more than compensate. There is a hand-printed AIR MAIL, a faint black "H.M.A.S. SHROPSHIRE"/ Official Signing Of / Japanese Surrender handstamp, and the 3d brown KGVI Australian stamp is postmarked TOKYO BAY/ 2 nd SEPT/ 1945/ JAPAN. Even the addressee’s name is carefully printed and it was sent to a Randwick, Sydney, N.S.W. address. The reverse has no postmarks or other markings (Figure 1).


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JOHN EDWARD NEWELL BULL, MILITARY OFFICER & PUBLIC SERVANT

This O.H.M.S. cover is addressed to J.E.N. Bull Esqre JP, Res. Warden’s Office, Castlemaine and has a dull rose ‘Emblems’ 4d stamp (SG 68). It was sent in June 1858 from Maldon Victoria. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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JOHN R. JELLICOE, FIRST LORD of the ADMIRALTY, in AUSTRALIA APRIL 1919

The reverse shows the invitation which has the Australian Shield with the lion and unicorn at the sides, and it reads: The Premier of Queensland (Hon. T.J. Ryan) requests the pleasure of the company of Hon H.C. Jones M.L.C. at a Parliamentary Dinner on( Saturday 5th, crossed out, and replaced by a purple hand stamp Friday 4th) July, 1919 at 8 p.m. in Parliament House to The Admiral of the Fleet (Viscount Jellicoe).

Replies should be addressed to, Under Secrtary. Chief Secretary’s Department, Brisbane (Figure 1).


Continued ...


LAURENCE J. HARNETT, SERGEANT-AT-ARMS, PARLIAMENT HOUSE, SYDNEY

The stampless cover has a ms. ‘Stamps not available’ and it was sent from ‘1011, 1st Australian Horse, On Active Service, South Africa’. As shown by the purple handstamp, it went via LONDON EC/ AB/ PAID/ 18 MR 01, which partially obscures a double circle BRITISH FIELD OFFICE/ SOUTH AFRICA/ FE 7/ 01. It was addressed to Miss. E. Harnett. C/o L. J. Harnett Esquire, Parliament House, Macquarie Street, Sydney, N.S.W.


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LEONARD STANLEY MARQUIS, R.A.A.F WW2, & S. A. STATE LIBRARY

Two covers were found for L.S. Marquis, the first was sent in May 1944 with the green 4d Koala Bear stamp cancelled with an Adelaide roller postmark, addressed to him with his Service number 26405 as Warrant Officer at the R.A.A.F. Command, at a Brisbane G.P.O. Postal Box, when he was on active service, for he was not discharged until 3 September 1946 (Figure 1).


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LETTER to ALFRED DEAKIN BROOKES, CARE of HERBERT BROOKES [U.S.A.]

This relatively insignificant looking front was posted with a slogan cancel ‘AIR MAIL/ SAVES TIME’ from MELBOURNE/ 4 35 AM/ 17 OCT/ 1930/ VICTORIA, addressed to the above-named with Commissioner of Australia, New York, USA in the address. The arrival date at the New York, NY/ G.P.O. is not legible. It was underpaid with the red 2d KGV head and there are 3 examples of it having been taxed: a pair of red 2c U.S. Postage Dues; an octagon boxed ‘T’; and, a small circle ‘DUE/ 4/ CENTS’ (Figure 1).


Continued ...


LETTERS from WIFE in AUSTRALIA to H.W. ROGER, CIVILIAN INTERNEE, H.K.

Six covers with letters were addressed to Hugh (Hugo) Wood Roger in Hong Kong dated from December 1941 until October 1943, but only five of them were from his wife Claudia and their 2 sons, Ned and Robin. The first cover is an introduction to the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong, and it was sent just prior to his wife had any information about this terrible event in the life of the family.


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LEWIS BECK SEBRING Jr. (1901-78). WAR-TIME REPORTER MEETS GEN. MACARTHUR [U.S.A.]

The newspaper wrapper that prompted this research is postmarked PAID AT SYDNEY/-14 MY 43/ N.S.W. and is addressed to Lewis Sebring, Tribune Herald Newspaper, USA Army Hdqrs., (General Douglas MacArthur), AUSTRALIA. This was sent by "Reveille", Official Organ, R.S.L (N.S.W. Branch), Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park, SYDNEY. "Reveille" is the journal published for the Returned Soldiers' League in Australia. Unfortunately the red postmark is very faint, and even with a red filter it is not possible to date it as 1943 with absolute certainty (Figure 1).


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LIEUT-COLONEL LESUEUR BRODIE ENGINEER, SOLDIER, ORDER OF CANADA WINNER

The ‘On His Majesty’s Service’ registered cover has a registration label printed with P. and T. SEC.,G.P.O./ MELBOURNE C.1. VIC and the two blue 3d commemorative Australian stamps are postmarked at Melbourne 1st November 1934. It is addressed to Mr. Le Sueur Brodie, 75 Adelaide Street West, Toronto, Ontario, CANADA. There is a printed return address to the Deputy Director, Posts & Telegraphs, Melbourne, C.1, as well as a confirmatory double oval postmark dated -1 NOV 1934, both at lower left. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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LIEUT. LYONS, PRISONER OF WAR in JAPAN 1942-1945 [JAPAN]

This special Prisoner of War Post cover with Air Mail vignette was sent from Brisbane in1945 (month not certain) with a '3 Opened by Censor' label, as well as a purple boxed 'Opened by Censor 195' marking. It was addressed to Service No.: Q302572 Rank: Lieutenant Noel Joseph Lyons, Camp Zentsuji, Japan. A 5d stamp was required, and a pair of the red 2½d Duke and Duchess of Gloucester stamps were applied. This stamp was issued 19 Feb 1945. There was a pointing finger "RETURN TO SENDER/SEE BACK" marking (Figure 1).


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LIONEL LEHMAIER, ON ACTIVE SERVICE, HEADQUARTERS, RABAUL

This local mail cover was addressed to L. Lehmaier, Headquarters Staff, Rabaul and it had a manuscript ‘Rabaul Garrison - On Active Service”.  The green 5 pfennig Deutsch-Neu-Guinea stamp had the black overprint ‘G.R.I.’ and was revalued as 1d., it had a purple oval postmark of RABAUL/ JAN 4 1915/ NEW BRITAIN, and the reverse was not seen (Figures 1 & 2).


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LORD BRASSEY, VICTORIAN GOVERNOR & R. FULLARTON, NAVAL BRIGADE

An undated On Her Majesty’s Service cover was addressed to Lord Brassey, Govt. House Melbourne by R. Fullarton, Commanding, Naval Brigade, and the MINISTER OF DEFENCE, FRANK STAMP, VICTORIA was applied in blue. This letter would have been sent during Thomas Brassey’s term as Governor of Victoria in the years 1895 to 1900 (Figure 1).


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LORD SEMPILL, FAMOUS AVIATOR with FLIGHTS TO and WITHIN AUSTRALIA.

William Francis Forbes-Sempill, the 19th Lord Sempill (24 September 1893 30 December 1965) was a British engineer who became involved in the aircraft industry from its early days, both as a flyer and as an engineer.  During WW1 he enrolled in the Royal Flying Corps and by the end of the war he held the rank of colonel.

The first cover has a green & black Papua 3d overprintrd with a red ‘Air Mail’, and an orange Papua 2d stamps cancelled PORT MORESBY/ 18 DE 34/ PAPUA and it was sent by airmail with a ms. ‘per plane GABJU, pilot Lord Semphill’ (sic) from Port Moresby to Cairns, Queensland with a final address in Victoria, the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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LT. G.A. SHELDRICK, P.O.W., AGAZZAND, RAZZANELLO, PIACENZA, ITALY

Two identical Italian postcards for the same Australian soldier came available on eBay addressed to the same unidentified person, Mr. W. Lafranchi, 25 Pender Street, Preston, Victoria. Only one cover was dated in Italy, 22.2.42 (top R.H. corner). The cards were both printed as Poste Italiene Cartolini Postale Per Prigionieri Di Guerra, and both had various Passed by Censor handstamps, most of Italian origin includia a 2-line VERIFICATO/ PER CENSURA. The sender of both was identified as Lieutenant Godfrey Arthur Sheldrick, but what was the designated internment camp could have been different in both. The first was shown was as ‘N.17/ POSTA MILITARE 3200/ ITALY’ and the second as ‘N.78 POSTA/ MILITARE 3300 ITALY’ (Figures 1 & 2).


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LT. J. S. SUMMERS, PHILATELIST & SENIOR ASST SURGEON, R.I.M., BOMBAY

The Tasmania postal stationery cover has the green ‘TASMANIA POSTAGE/ TWO PENCE’ QV printed stamp uprated with a ‘sideface’ ½d stamp both cancelled with an indistict barred numeral ‘63' as well as a NEW NORFOLK/ JY 20/ 1895/ TASMANIA cancel. It is addressed to J. Seymour Summers Esq., 33 Sassoon Dock Rd, Colaba, Bombay, India. The reverse was backstamped Tuticorin, India (Figure 1).


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MAJOR EDWARD BENJAMIN EVANS, DISTINGUISHED U.K. PHILATELIST R.P.S.

The lilac ONE PENNY ‘View of Sydney’ printed stamp of New South Wales on the cover was uprated with a strip of 3 of the ½d slate QV stamp and it could have been used as early as 1892, but is undated, for all stamps were canceled with the barred numeral ‘37' of Warialda, N.S.W. It is addressed to Major Evans, Messrs Stanley Gibbons & Co., 391 Strand, London W.C., England and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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MARALINGA, THE FIRST BRITISH ATOMIC EXPLOSION, SOUTH AUSTRALIA

The airmail cover had a single green1/- ‘Lyre Bird’ stamp and a strip of four 4d lake-coloured QE 2 stamps cancelled with a non- circular ‘running’ cancel of Sydney/N.S.W. with the date 21. 10. (the year not legible). The 4d stamp was issued 13 March 1957, which was 6 months after the first Maralinga atomic explosion. There was a printed example of an atomic explosion, and the cover was addressed to Dr. E.E. Massey, Defence Research Board, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, as well as a ms. ‘10' in a circle, with the reverse not seen (Figure 1).


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MARSHALL MACDERMOTT, QUIXOTIC SOLDIER, FARMER & BANK MANAGER

The stampless cover was sent ‘By Steamer’ from London as evidenced by the red ‘tombstone’ cancel X/ PAID/ 31OC31/ 1846. There was a red ‘ms. 1/-’ and an arrival handstamp at Adelaide as shown by the G.P.O/ [Crown]/ 5 [Maltese Cross] AP/ 1847/ SOUTH AUSTRALIA. The cover was addressed tp Marshall Mac’ Dermott (sic) Esqre, The Bank Hindly (sic) Street, Adelaide, South Australia. There was an additional ms. overlying the GPO cancel ‘6th Nov-’. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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MILITARY ENCAMPMENTS in VICTORIA: LANGWARRIN CAMP & BOER WAR

The purple ‘TWO PENCE’ stamp of Victoria was cancelled with a shield enclosing the details of the postmark which was 1/ MILITARY/ FE 11/ (with no year)/ ENCAMPMENT. Note the ‘scalloped’ out perforation at the right hand side of the stamp. The vendor stated that it was used at Langwarrin Camp, Victoria (Figure 1).


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MURCHISON P.O.W. CAMP & 'AMERICAN AID for GERMAN WAR PRISONERS'

This cover is headed Prisoner of War Post - Postage Free. And is posted To the “American Aid for German War Prisoners”, 16 Duerstein Street, Buffalo, New York, U.S.A.  It has a manuscript at the lower L.H.S. ‘From Australian Camp No. 13', a handstruck ‘APPROVED FOR TRANSMISSION BY CAMP COMMANDANT’ and a purple boxed handstamp ‘PASSED BY CENSOR V9' (Figure 1).


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N. H. WRIGHT #2176, 8TH LIGHT HORSE, 3rd BRIGADE A. I. F., ABROAD in WW1

This well traveled cover with the 1d red KGV head was postmarked CROYDON/ FE 25/ 18/ VICTORIA had considerable trouble in finding this Australian soldier in Egypt, as shown by the multiple addresses in black and red ink, as well as blue crayon. The re-addressing has carried over to the reverse and unfortunately the 2 postmarks are illegible, and the manuscript 24/2/18 is puzzling for it pre-dates the posting date by one day (Figures 1 & 2).


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NEGRI SEMBILAN LETTER to CAPT. E. SELBY, ARMY SCHOOL, SEYMOUR, VIC

This air mail letter was posted in Malaya in 1941 to Mr. E. Selby, C/- H. B. Selby & Co., George St., Sydney, Australia and redirected to Capt. Selby, N9403, Army School of Mechanisation, Seymour, Vic. The cover was mailed with a strip of five chocolate 5 cents stamps of Malaya Negri Sembilan (Scott catalogue # 24), but the army base cancellation was not identified. Although there was no censor label or handstruck mark, the censor ms. black ink signature is seen at the lower left hand side of the cover (Figure 1)


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No 4 AUXILIARY HOSPITAL, ABBASSIA ARTILLERY BARRACKS, 1915 [EGYPT]

This may well be a one of a kind illustrated World War One postcard on account of the large 3-ringed postal marking with the unusual centrally placed ABBASSIA and the 8 11 1915 date-stamp, that originated at the No 4 Auxiliary Hospital, Artillery Barracks, Abbassia, (Cairo). It has a manuscript ‘on active service 1276 9th.. 6th Reg, and is addressed to a Mrs P.C. Mowle, Neutral Bay, Sydney. The card is stampless, and the message short: Wishing you & Bill & Percy a very happy Christmas & New year. I wont be at the front before Christmas, (signed) Den. There is a transit postmark HELIOPOLIS/ 9 XI.15 - 5 P.M with arabic notation in the lower third. At the lower left hand side the origin of the card is described: The Cairo Postcard Trust Cairo 61857/ Serie 529 (Figure 1).


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PETTY'S HOTEL: A SYDNEY SITE with a LONG PROVENANCE

This registered cover shows the full set of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester stamps which were issued on 19 Feb 1945. It was postmarked G.P.O. SYDNEY/ R.C.S./ 5-P 20 FE 45/ 1/ N.S.W. AUST. There is no registration label, but the blue crossed lines front and reverse clearly show it was registered.. The cover is addressed to Lt: T.B. Harrop./ R.N.V.R./ R.N.O.Q. (Petty's Hotel)/ York Street. Sydney./ N.S.W. Australia (Fig. 1).


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POSTCARD: V-PACIFIC DAY ADMIRALTY ISLANDS, SOUTH-WEST PACIFIC

The postcard has a manuscript ‘V-Pacific Day Souvenir Air Mail Card - Mailed Admiralty Islands South-West Pacific’. It has a red 6 cents USA air mail stamp, postmarked with a fine A.F.P.O./ 15 AU 45/ 203 and it was addressed to E.D. Cash, 21 Victoria Square, Perth, West Australia (Figure 1).


Continued ...


PRINCE DEL DRAGO, CAMP No. 9 LEADER, 4TH MILITARY DISTRICT, S.A.

The cover had three boxed handstamps, ‘A/ 32', ‘4/ PASSED/ BY/ CENSOR’ and a ‘SERVICES OF/ PRISONERS/ OF WAR’.  It was addressed to The Consul of Switzerland, Section for Italian Interests, “Temple Court”. 422-28 Collins St., Melbourne - C. 1. - Vict.  (Figure 1).


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PRISONER OF WAR, NO. 7 CAMP, EASTERN COMMAND, HAY N.S.W.

This censored air mail cover sent to New York from a German P.O.W. at Hay has a total postage of 3 shillings and eleven pence (2 shillings Roo, 1 shilling Lyre Bird, 9 pence Platypus and 2 pence Armed Services & Nurse).  The stamps are cancelled with a dateless SYDNEY/ 3/ N.S.W. AUST. roller cancel with the slogan USE THE/ POSTAL EXPRESS/ MESSENGER SERVICE.  It has a purple PASSED BY CENSOR/ S. 51, a purple PRISONER OF WAR SERVICE as well as a red CALIFORNIA CLIPPER handstamp.  There is a black manuscript Via AIRMAIL/ CLIPPER/ AUCKLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, NEW YORK/ BY AIR TO SIDNEY (sic).  It is addressed to Mrs Emily Heppner in the Bronx, New York City (Figure 1).


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PRIVATE FLEMING CHARLES "CURLY" COWARD, P.O.W. STALAG XIIIc

This cover has an unusual amount of postage stamps applied, more than the usual amount of information about the recipient, including the alteration of the original address with substitution of the correct address, and almost a complete routing of the cover, but with no postmark confirmation of the route.

This Australian Red Cross Society cover has a blue handstamp at top left ‘SERVICE DES PRISONNIERS DE GEURRE/ PRISONERS OF WAR POST, a purple ‘diamond’ with ‘3/ PASSED/ BY/ CENSOR/ 1/6' . A total postage of five shillings 8 pence made up of the magenta KGVI 1s 4d, two red-brown ‘Roo on Map of Australia’ 2 shillings and a single green 4 pence koala stamps, canceled by AIRMAIL SECTION / 1/ ( )P 8 SP/ 41/ MELBOURNE. VIC postmarks. It was addressed to V.X. 29251 Private F.C. Coward, Australian Prisoner of War in, C/o Agence Centrale des (-------- ) De Guerre, Comite International de Croix Rouge, Palais Conseil General, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND (with much of the address obliterated). The cover has been redirected with a ms. ‘Stalag XIIIC/ N: 09623' and his given names are spelt out as ‘Fleming Charles’. The cover has a printed ‘BY AIR MAIL/ PAR AVION’, and the routing is by ‘Clipper Aust./ U.S.A. U.K.’ to the destination of Geneva (Figure 1).


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PRIVATE GEORGE MILNE, ACTIVE SERVICE BOER WAR, KIMBERLEY 1901 [S.AFRICA]

This cover was sent from Private George Milne from Kimberley as the postmark on the rose 1d Cape of Good Hope stamp portraying ‘Hope Standing’ and was addressed to the Postmaster-General, General Post Office, Sydney, N.S. Wales (Figure 1).


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PTE. SYDNEY JOSEPH DRAKE, P.O.W. WWI, BORA TURKEY, TAURUS RAILWAY

The history of Australian involvement in WWI rarely mentions the prisoners of war (P.O.W.). Only 325 ANZACs were captured by the Turks and one in three never returned from captivity. The death of Australian P.O.Ws in Ottoman Turkey was mainly due to maltreatment. The Australians were used for slave labour in the Taurus Mountains to dig tunnels and work as pack animals to construct railroads. The Australian soldiers were captured at Gallipoli, in the Sinai-Palestine, as sailors from the submarine AE2 in the Sea of Marmara, and airmen, members of the Australian Flying Corps captured in Mesopotamia.

Private Sydney Joseph Drake’s Embarkation Roll in WWI is listed as follows: Number: 1934; Rank: Private; Unit: 14 Infantry Battalion - 5 to 12 Reinforcements (April-November 1915); Ship Name: HMAT Hororata; Ship number: A20; Date of embarkation: 17 April 1915; Place of embarkation: Melbourne. Additional information was found in the Australian Imperial Force Nominal Record: 18 years old, single, stonemason on enlistment. Enlisted at Drysdale, Victoria, and father W.F. Drake given as next of kin. Religion: C. of E. Unit: 4th Brigade, 14th Infantry Battalion, 5th Reinforcements, Returned to Australia 5 March 1919.

There were 2 pre-internment covers dated 1915 and both were on active service, and were stampless. The first was sent to Sidney’s mother, Mrs. W.F. Drake, Drysdale, Victoria, Australia. It is printed at top left with ‘Young Men’s Christian Association/ Army Branch’ and there is a ms. ‘(Anzac, Gallipoli)’ immediately beneath as well as a ms. ‘Posted at Gallipoli 20 July 1915' at the lower left corner. A further ms. ON ACTIVE SERVICE is along the top and there is a red boxed ‘PASSED BY/ [CROWN]/ No. 2688' handstamp at right. as well as a black postmark ‘4 th AUST INF/ 20 VII 15/ FIELD/ P.O.’ (Figure 1).


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RABBI ISRAEL BRODIE, MELBOURNE RABBI & CHIEF RABBI of the BRITISH COMMONWEALTH

This printed to private order mint 1d green sideface KGV postcard cannot be strictly called postal history, and the front gives no hint as to the contents of its other side (Figure 1).


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RAILHEAD P.O/ R.M.1., REGISTRATION LABEL: ‘TRAV P O/ AIF’ in PALESTINE

I need help with this cover as I don’t have access to the book which may give me more information about this interesting postmark and registration label. The blue Australian 3d KGVI head stamp is postmarked RAILHEAD P.O/ -1 AU 40/ R.M.1. The blue registration label R/50 has a typed Trav P. O/ A I F / 780, and the other significant postal marking is a red boxed PASSED BY CENSOR/ [crown] No. 606, with 2 manuscripts ‘XXX’ and ‘No 24', both of dubious importance. The cover is addressed to a post office box, at the Sydney suburb of Chatswood, N.S.W. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1 ).


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REAR-ADMIRAL EDWIN J. POLLARD, ROYAL NAVY, COVERS from TASMANIA

The first cover was addressed to Rear Admiral Pollard and part of the address "United Service Club," Pall Mall was crossed out and readdressed to 34 Eaton Terrace, London, S.W., England. The purple ‘STAMP DUTY TASMANIA, SIX PENCE, Duck Billed Platypus stamp was cancelled with a duplex HOBART/ 2L/ SE 26/ 90, with the TASMANIA obliterator, and there was a LONDON. S.W./ 6/ NO 3/ 90 reception postmark. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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REV. H.W. LANE & LONE PINE CEMETERY & MEMORIAL, GALLIPOLI, TURKEY

The vendor, after describing the details of this cover, finishes up by stating: “Could you imagine it getting to the addressee to-day?!”  The cover sold for AU$190.00 and it was addressed to Rev. H.W. Lane, Australia.  It was sent from Joao M.G. dos Santos, Rua Sete de Setembre No. 71, Rio de Janeiro, (Brazil) and it the envelope has a printed Brazilian 200 reis stamp which was postmarked RIO DE JANEIRO/ 12 NOV 97/ (5A).   A boxed INSUFFICIENTLY ADDRESSED handstamp had been applied as well as a pencilled ‘Try Alexandra’ (Figure 1).


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REV. JAMES R. WATERMAN, CAPTAIN WWII, CHAPLAIN, R.M.C. DUNTROON

The printed ‘AIR MAIL LETTER CARD’ has a triangular black handstamp ‘PASSED BY CENSOR/ Crown/ No. 3296' in a triangle, with the signature of the censor underneath of J.R. Waterman. It is addresses to Mrs Chas Grinter, Francis Street, Belmont, Geelong, Victoria, Australia. The blue 3d KGVI stamp is indistinctly cancelled EGYPT/ 26 NO ( )/ POST / PREPAID. Below the address ‘James Waterman’ is typed (Figure 1).


Continued ...


ROBERT ROBERTSON'S LETTERS to his FATHER & BROTHER in SCOTLAND

Within one week I found three stampless entires from three different sources sent by the same soldier in two different Australian colonies to his family in Scotland, spanning the years 1845 to 1856. The covers will be described in order of the dates, from earliest to latest, rather than in the order of their researching.


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ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE & TRAWLER BASE, GIBRALTAR

This registered airmail cover appeared on an Australian Philatelic auction site and it has an uniquely uncommon destination. The cover has a pair and a block of four of the one shilling Lyre Bird stamp, plus a single copy of the 1d green QE stamp, with multiple GUNDAROO/ 1 NO 41/ N.S.W-AUST postmarks. There is a Gundaroo New South Wales registration label, a red OPENED BY CENSOR label and a purple PASSED BY CENSOR/ S. 187 handstamp, as well as a label with EXAMINER 6222. There is a manuscript routing ‘by California Clipper/ and Atlantic Air Service’ and the cover is addressed to Lieut J.B.J. Osborne R.A.N.V.R., Trawler Base, Gibraltar (Figure 1).


Continued ...


RUPERT FORBES-BENTLEY, DECORATED WWI ENGLISH AIRMAN, in MALTA

Covers addressed to Forbes-Bentley have been seen on several websites and he was found to be an early English flier, a decorated airman in World War I, as well as a stamp collector, who made a new life in Malta. The first seen was a 1930 airmail cover from Victoria with the green 3d airmail stamp and the red 1½d Centenary of Western Australia swan stamp. It was addressed to Mr. R. Forbes-Bentley, Birchircara, Malta, and the reverse was not seen not seen (Figure 1).


Continued ...


RUPERT MAJOR DOWNES, SOLDIER, SURGEON & THE ST. JOHN AMBULANCE ASSOCIATION

This item appeared on eBay with an enclosed letter from W.J. Blackburn, Ambulance Officer, Administrative Offices, Victorian Railways, Spencer Street, Melbourne on 23 August, 1939. It was a form letter congratulating Lawrence W. Tyler on his success in the First Aid Examination. It explained the various levels of the award and wished that the recipient continues his studies to achieve the Gold Life Membership Medal in his 8th year. (Figure 1).


Continued ...


S.E.E. NAVAL YARD, H. K.: W.H. ORGAN, P.OW. JAPAN: LETTER from HIS WIFE

This PRISONER OF WAR POST, SERVICE DES PRISONNIERS DE GUERRE cover was addressed to W.H. Organ, S.E.E. Naval Yard, Civilian Internee, Hong Kong. It had the AUSTRALIAN RED CROSS insignia on it as well as C/O JAPANESE RED CROSS SOCIETY, TOKYO, JAPAN and a purple diamond ‘3/ PASSED/ BY / CENSOR/ 329' handstamp and a red hand stamp of an oblong with Japanese print. The date of 30/ 3/ 43 had been printed in pencil and the significance of the red crayon ‘S’ is unknown (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SANDY ROBERTSON, AUSTRALIAN P.O.W., ZENTSUJI CAMP, JAPAN, SHIKOKU

This Prisoner of War Post (Service des Prisonniers de Guerre) cover was addressed to NXE5101, Captain Sandy E.J. Robertson, Australian P.O.W., Zentsuji War Prison Camp, Shikoku Island, Japan. Ir had the usual Australian red Opened by Censor and the purple boxed Passed by Censor hand stamp, as well as a purple Japanese censor ‘chop’. The cover was posted from Melbourne on 10 March and it incorrectly appears to be dated 1946 (Figure 1).


Continued ...


SIL ROHU (SYLVESTER EDWIN ROHU) PRACTICAL GUNSMITH

This advert cover was for “Sil Rohu, (Late A.I.F), Successor to W. Graham & Son), Practical Gunsmith, and Importer of High-Grade Guns and, Rifles and Shooters’ Accessories, 110 Bathurst Street, Sydney (Aust.)”. The red 1½d KGV head stamp was cancelled with SYDNEY/ 10PM/ 22 JUN/ 1928/ N.S.W. roller postmark with a slogan COMMONWEALTH LOAN/ NOW OPEN/ APPLY AT ONCE. It was addressed to Mr.H. Woodd Adams, Cookamidgera, NR. PARKES (N.S.W.). The unusual part of the advertisement was the information added by typewriter, as follows: “1928 Open Season for Game in N.S.W., Duck, February 15th to April 10th, Quail, May 15th to July 15th, ( ) Birds, April 15th to July 31st . NO LICENSE REQUIRED FOR SHOTGUNS and RIFLES”. There is also a printed ‘If not claimed in 14 days, please return’ as well as ‘Repairs – OUR HANDS MAKE GOOD ARMS’ (Figures 1 & 2).


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SINGAPORE BATTLE W.W. 2: DEATH of an AUSTRALIAN BANDSMAN

An undelivered letter during wartime is often due to cessation of delivery to the place on account of hostilities, the recipient has moved to an unknown address, the recipient has been taken a prisoner, or the recipient is dead. This Air Mail cover was cancelled with a boxed SYDNEY/ 1 -PM/ 1 2 FEB 1/ 1942/ N.S.W/ AUST. and the grey 9d ‘Platypus’ stamp was cancelled with a boxed AIR MAIL/ SECTION / G.P.O. There are 2 additional hand stamps, a purple boxed ARMY POSTAL SERVICE/ DELIVERY IMPRACTICABLE/ RETURN TO SENDER, as well as a red double circle DEAD LETTER OFFICE/ EXAMINER / 8/ SYDNEY, N.S.W. The cover was addressed to Bandsman R. Currey, 2/20 Battn, B.H.Q., A.I.F. MALAYA, Abroad. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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SIR HAROLD R. DEW, BOSCH PROFESSOR SURGERY, UNIVERSITY of SYDNEY

The cover has a mauve-brown QE 1d stamp cancelled with AUST F.P.O./ 3 AP 45/168, and there was an accompanying paper with the following notation: WWII – AUST F.P.O./ 168. II AUST CORPS, WONGABEL, QLD, 9 JUN 44-10APR 45. It was addressed to Prof. H.R. Dew, Department of Surgery, University of Sydney, N.S,W. There was a purple rectangular boxed AUSTRALIAN/ MILITARY FORCES/ PASSED BY CENSOR/ 641, and it was signed by the censor ‘E P Row’. The reverse had no markings (Figure 1).


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SIR JOHN GELLIBRAND, SOLDIER, FARMER, POLITICIAN, LEGACY ADVOCATE

The pair of the OS perfined brownish-lake 1½d Parliament House, Canberra stamps are postmarked PARLIAMENT HOUSE/ 9 MY 27/ F.C.T (the date of issue) and it is addressed to Lady Gellibrand, Lindisfarne, Tasmania (Figure 1).


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SIR MATTHEW NATHAN G.C.M.G., DIPLOMAT, GOVERNOR OF QUEENSLAND

This unusually addressed O.H.M.S. cover to Captain Nathan R.E., Secretary Colonial Defence Committee, Horse Guards, Whitehall, London, England does little justice to a man who gave three decades of service to many countries in the British Empire. It is postmarked with the Victorian ENGLISH MAIL T.P.O./ JA 25/ 98, which is partly obscuring the black MINISTER OF DEFENCE, FRANK STAMP introduced probably in 1884 (Figure 1).


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SIR WILMOT HUDSON FYSH, AIRLINE DIRECTOR, & AIR FORCE OFFICER

Two covers were found for Hudson Fysh, the first with a commemorative Air Mail sticker for 10 years of Air Mail Progress for Q.A.N.T.A.S., addressed to him in Brisbane. The red 2d Sydney Harbour Bridge and the green 3d airmail stamps were canceled with a 16 November 1932, Queensland roller cancel, and the reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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THE N.S.W. NAVAL BRIGADE & THE BOXER REBELLION (1900-1901) [CHINA]

Two covers appeared at the same auction site, the first endorsed ‘A.C. Barrett, New South Wales Naval Brigade, Tartar City Peking China, with the India ‘C.E.F.’ overprints* on the two blue-green India ½ anna stamps postmarked with the double circle F.P.O. NO 7 / 27 DE .00 cds, sent to a Paddington N.S.W. address. The reverse was not seen but had transit postmarks of BASE OFFICE/ B/ 28 DE/ 00 at Peking, BASE OFFICE/ 12 JA 01/ 6-PM at Hong Kong, HONG-KONG/ B/ JA 13/ 01 & an arrival postmark at SYDNEY/ FE 15/ NOON/ 01 (Figure 1).


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THE SMALL ARMS FACTORY AT LITHGOW, N.S.W. 1912 - 1989

This 1943 violet 2d KGVI postcard is perfined OS/ NSW and postmarked with a machine cancel SYDNEY/ 10/ 9 15 AM /10/ 4 NOV/ 1948/ N.S.W. with a slogan cancel SEND MONEY/ BY POSTAL NOTE/ OR MONEY ORDER.  There is a red ‘clock’ cancel showing receipt on 6 NOV 1948.  It was addressed to Officer in Charge, Small Arms Factory, Lithgow (Figure 1).


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THE SMALL ARMS FACTORY AT LITHGOW, N.S.W. 1912 - 1989

This 1943 violet 2d KGVI postcard is perfined OS/ NSW and postmarked with a machine cancel SYDNEY/ 10/ 9 15 AM /10/ 4 NOV/ 1948/ N.S.W. with a slogan cancel SEND MONEY/ BY POSTAL NOTE/ OR MONEY ORDER. There is a red ‘clock’ cancel showing receipt on 6 NOV 1948. It was addressed to Officer in Charge, Small Arms Factory, Lithgow (Figure 1).


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THE STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE of the SUEZ CANAL [EGYPT]

This First Day Cover celebrating the Coronation of King George VI with its purple cachet is commonly seen in boxes of covers at Canadian stamp shows. The Cairns postmark is dated 10 MY 37/ QLD-AUST which is the first day of issue of ASC #175 and #177, the Die I Queen Elizabeth and Die I George VI, respectively. The cachet maker must have been uncertain as to the day of issue for it is only labeled MAY 1937 (Figure 1).


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THEODORE FAWCETT, SOLDIER, MAGISTRATE & W.A. M.L.C.

This English cover bearing the 1867 straw-coloured 9d stamp of QV (S.G. 110) had a Winchester / D/ JA 23/ 73 duplex with the ‘888' numeral obliterator and was addressed to Theodore Fawcett Esqr, Pinjarah (sic) Park, Perth, Western Australia, plus 3 black manuscripts in the same hand: ‘Via Brindisi Jan 23' and ‘Paid’ at the top of the cover, as well as the name of the sender ‘Mrs Fawcett’ at the lower left corner (Figure 1).


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TRIAL BAY, SOUTH WEST ROCKS DETENTION BARRACKS 1914-1918 [GERMANY]

At least 4 covers have appeared on several auction sites in the past 2 years, but illustrations were only available for two at the time for preparation of this paper. I knew little of the Australian internment camps during WW I in 1914-1918, and I had never heard of Trial Bay South West Rocks, N.S.W., so this paper was a great learning experience.


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UNION of AUSTRALIAN WOMEN, PEACE COMMITTEE vs.SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC

The Airmail postcard has the $1.20 pink cockatoo stamp of 1994, and the date and place from which it was sent, was illegible. It states: Dear Sir, The people of Australia urge you to: Please negotiate; Please stop this terrible war. Signature D. Dudman 5/4/94. Card produced by Union of Australian Women, Australian Peace Committee. It is addressed to M. Le President, Slobodan Milosivic (sic), 1100 Belgrade Serbia, Yugoslavia (Figure 1).


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W.H. BADDELEY, LORD BISHOP of MELANESIA, SOLOMON ISLANDS, WW 2

The Air Mail letter was sent with the orange ½d ‘Kangaroo’ and the purple 5d ‘Merino sheep’ stamps cancelled with a wavy lines roller postmark of ADELAIDE/ 430AM/ 11 MCH/ 1942/ SOUTH AUST. It was handstamped with a purple 3/ PASSED BY CENSOR and it was addressed to The Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of Melanesia, Box 3416 R, G.P.O. Sydney and the address was crossed out with a red crayon and readdressed in red to ‘British Solomon Islands’ . It had a purple handstamp of the ‘Pointed Finger’ type with a RETURN TO SENDER/ SEE BACK’ as well as a 2-lined purple ‘NOT TRANSMISSIBLE/ SERVICE SUSPENDED’. The destination for the Sydney G.P.O. is shown on the reverse (Figures 1, 1A).


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WALTER GUDGEON, ADMINISTRATOR, SOLDIER, JUDGE, & HISTORIAN, COOK ISLANDS

The registered cover had a lilac ‘TWO PENCE’, an orange ‘THREE PENCE’ as well as a block of four green bantam stamps of Victoria cancelled with GEELONG/ 1 A/ AP 24/ 02/ VICTORIA, and there was an orange crayon cross hatching plus a large R in a circle. The cover was addressed to Colonel Gudgeon, British Resident, Raratonga, Cook Islands Federation (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM DONOVAN JOYNT, SOLDIER (WWI VICTORIA CROSS WINNER)

The cover is addressed to Capt. W.D. Joynt V.C., 447 Law Courts Place, Melbourne and the red 1½d KGV Head stamp is canceled POINT LONSDALE/ 30 DE 29/ VIC. The reverse was not seen (Figure 1).


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WILLIAM L’ESTRANGE EAMES, DOCTOR, SOLDIER & SPORTSMAN [SOUTH AFRICA]

More than a dozen covers came to auction on Ebay, mainly addressed to Mrs. L’Estrange Eames, but a few to her husband William, both from South Africa and England, mostly 1900-1901. These covers prompted me to research this man. The first was written by William to his wife, with a manuscript ‘On active service no stamps available’ on an Afrikaans printed cover, postmarked FIELD POST OFFICE/ 31/ JY 3/ 00/ BRITISH ARMY S. AFRICA, and the cover was taxed ‘1D (Figure 1).


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WWI RECRUITMENT LETTER from RICHARD BEAUMONT ORCHARD

This imprinted 1d red side-face KGV letter has a roneo'd recruitment letter for World War One full of Allied propaganda and is used at Melbourne 10 OC 18 with a slogan INVEST IN THE / 7TH WAR LOAN with a reception postmark of SURRY HILLS/ 11 OC 18/ VIC, plus evidence of re-direction instructions (Figure 1).


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