THOMAS BRUNTON, BAKER, POLITICIAN, FLOUR MILLER & FARMER
The postcard had a 1d orange-brown ‘Reading Stamp Duty’ stamp cancelled with an ‘UP TRAIN/ MG 1/AU 23/ 90/ VICTORIA postmark and had a printed JAS. GRIGG, Esq.,456 Collins Street, Melbourne (Figure 1).
The reverse was also printed and was headed SOUTHERN PROVINCE ELECTION/ August 4 th, 1890 Dear Sir, You may append my name to the requisition to Mr. Thos. Brunton. Yours truly, (unsigned by sender) but signed by the receiver Mr. Phillip, Duniger. There was a manuscript ‘2/149 Egerton’ at bottom left, and there was a reception postmark MELBOURNE/ 9T/ AU 23/ 90 (Figure 2).
Thomas Brunton, mill-owner, was born on 25 June 1831 near Roxburgh, Scotland, son of Walter Brunton, land steward and farmer, and his wife Christina, née Smail. He attended the Melrose parish school and at 12 became a baker's apprentice. The gold rushes brought him to Melbourne in the Eagle in April 1853. He was unsuccessful at the Mount Alexander and Maldon goldfields and on his return to Melbourne was employed at the gas works for a year. Then with a school friend, Brunton bought a bakery for £800. Continued success for more than ten years enabled him in 1868 to build a flour-milling plant at the corner of Spencer Street and Flinders Lane, the site costing £3000.
In 1882 Brunton visited American, English and Continental flour-milling centres, returning with plans for a new roller mill. The new milling process, requiring porcelain and chilled iron rollers unobtainable locally, caused Brunton, a former president of the Essendon branch of the Victorian Protection League, to protest at the duty on patent machinery. His wish for an association of millers was fulfilled in 1884 with the founding of the Corn Trade Association. As its president in 1886 Brunton urged amalgamation with the Chamber of Commerce. He supported the appointment of a tribunal to settle trade disputes justly, for he had more faith in a tribunal of 'competent honest men' than in the law. In 1887 Brunton opened a mill at Granville, near Sydney; this branch was run almost independently by his sons. In 1893 Brunton sold the Melbourne city site for £50,000 and bought another at North Melbourne where he established the Australian Flour Mills. However this oval ‘belt & buckle’ on the reverse of a letter sent to London showed that he still described himself in April 1899 as ‘T. BRUNTON & Co./ MILLERS/ MELBOURNE (Figure 3).
Brunton had early political ambitions and in 1868 unsuccessfully contested the West Melbourne seat in the Legislative Assembly. He also unsuccessfully stood for Southern Province in the Legislative Council in 1887, before winning the Southern Province in September 1890 (perhaps helped by this post card mailing) and he held this seat until May 1904. He called himself 'one of the old loyal liberal school' and regarded the possession of property 'as evidence of thrift and good citizenship' and a proper basis for the franchise. He opposed moves for constitutional reform: 'We must be very careful not to allow any innovation that will take away any of the rights and privileges now possessed by this chamber'. He was president of the Royal Agricultural Society in 1895, and though always interested in agricultural development, he opposed amendment of the Agricultural College Act because 'experience had shown him that the best farmers had not graduated at any college'.
Brunton was a Harbor Trust commissioner in 1890-98, and president of the Royal Caledonian Society in 1894-96. In 1898 Brunton sought leave from the Legislative Council because of ill health and went overseas. By 1903 he had practically relinquished control of the business to his sons and had bought Roxburgh Park near Broadmeadows, where he bred cattle, horses and Shropshire sheep. He died at his home, Roxburgh, Ascot Vale, on 7 September 1908, predeceased by his wife Jane, née Chattaway, whom he had married in 1855, and survived by three daughters and three of his five sons. A picture of Thomas Brunton is shown in Figure 4.
It has already been recorded above that much of the Flour Mill business was carried on by his sons and one of them, John Spencer Brunton, was the senior partner of the well known firm of Brunton & Company, Sydney. This son became an alderman on the Sydney City Council, president of the Sydney Chamber of Commerce and attained the position of Brigade-Major of the First Brigade of the Australian Light Horse. He was highly regarded as a business man and was largely responsible for the continued success of Brunton flour. A picture of John Spencer Brunton is shown in Figure 5.
A large amount of the information on Thomas Brunton was derived from the Australian Dictionary of Biography.
Addendum (November 2007): A relatively undistinguished window envelope gives Brunton & Company as the return address (Figure 6):
However, the reverse is quite a surprise (Figure 7):